U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service
Complete each section of the form according to the instructions in this chapter. The instructions are organized by the number and name of each section on the National Register Registration Form (NPS 10-900). The instructions for each section include a reproduction of the section as it appears on the form, basic directions for completing each item with one or more examples, and guidelines for special cases. Lists of data categories and special examples are presented in sidebars. Additional information and sources are provided in the appendices.
CORRECTIONS AND PHOTOCOPIES
Use a typewriter, word processor, or computer to complete the form . Written notes or corrections will not be accepted. Also not accepted are corrections made with tapes, pastes, or fluids. To make minor corrections, type them clearly on the original (using tape, paste, or fluid), and then submit a photocopy of the corrected page on archival paper. Any photocopies submitted with National Register forms must have permanent ink that will not rub off or imprint on adjacent pages.
Computer-generated forms may be used in place of the National Park Service form and continuation sheet if they meet certain requirements. They must list in order all items as they appear on the National Register form. They must also contain the form number (NPS 10-900) and the OMB approval number (appearing at the top of the National Park Service form). Forms must be printed with a letter-quality printer on archival paper. The National Park Service can provide a template of the National Register form that can be used with a variety of personal computers and word processing software. Applicants should check with the SHPO or FPO before using a computer-generated form.
NATIONAL REGISTER TERMS
Certain conventions and terms are used for documenting National Register properties. Although there may be other ways to classify resources, describe functions or architectural influences, or state the significance of properties, the standardized terminology and approaches adopted by the National Register program ensure nationwide consistency of National Register records. They also make the data in the National Register Information System (NRIS) more useful. Definitions of these terms and explanations of how they are used occur throughout the instructions. A glossary of National Register terms can be found in Appendix IV.
TYPES OF INFORMATION REQUIRED ON THE FORM
Carefully follow the directions item by item . Items on the registration form are diverse. Many items correspond to NRIS data elements and require brief facts about the property, such as historic name, or require an "x" in applicable boxes. Other items call for categories selected from lists used in the NRIS or for narrative statements. Some items apply only to special kinds of property, such as buildings or archeological sites.
Where the length of an entry in the NRIS is limited, the instructions note the maximum number of characters that should be entered for a number. The number of entries that can be placed in the NRIS for a certain item maybe limited. In most cases, additional entries will be retained in the National Register files; they will not be entered in the computerized data base.
MAPS AND PHOTOGRAPHS
Additional documentation in the form of photographs, a United States Geological Survey (USGS) map, and, for districts, a site plan or sketch map must accompany completed National Register forms.
HOW TO ENTER INFORMATION
Complete all items accurately and thoroughly. Narrative statements should be concise and well-organized. Enter "N/A" for "not applicable" for any item where the information requested is not relevant to the property being documented. (Do not, however, put "N/A" in each box or line within an item.) Use continuation sheets for additional information and narrative statements.
USING LANGUAGES OTHER THAN ENGLISH
Summary paragraphs in the narrative description and statement of significance may be written in languages other than English. This is recommended for properties in communities where Spanish or other languages are commonly spoken. Provide translations of the summaries and all other information in English.
Enter the name that best reflects the property's historic importance or was commonly used for the property during the period of significance. Enter only one name. Do not exceed 120 characters, including spaces and punctuation. List additional historic names under Other Names/Site Number.
The term "property" refers to the entire geographic area being nominated or considered for eligibility. It may be an individual building, site, structure, or object, or it may be a district comprising a variety of buildings, sites, structures, or objects. Properties may be named for persons, events, characteristics, functions, or historic associations. Archeological sites are commonly referred to by site numbers, but may be given other names as well. National Register files, Federal Register, National Register Information System (NRIS), and any publications will refer to the property by the historic name. The historic name is preferred for general reference because it continues to be meaningful regardless of changes in ownership or use and most often relates to the reasons the property is eligible for National Register listing.
USING NAMES OF PERSONS
When the name of a person is used to identify a property, use the following format: last name, first name, and building type.
Bennett, John, House
Enter the names of well-known persons as they are listed in the Dictionary of American Biography.
Willard, Emma Hart
If a property is significant for more than one person, choose the most prominent. If the persons are equally important, include as many names as appropriate but do not exceed 120 characters for the entry. A property may be named for both the husband and wife who owned it. If there is not enough space for both names, choose the most prominent person's name or eliminate the first names altogether.
Chestnut, General James and Mary, House
Use traditional terms such as "village," "ranch," "courthouse square," or "townsite," or the generic terms "historic district" or "archeological district," to indicate the kind of district when naming districts based on their location or historic ownership. Modifiers such as "prehistoric," "commercial," "civic," "rural," "industrial," or "residential" may also be used to define the predominant historic quality of a district. Names of historic and archeological districts should reflect the area as a whole rather than specific resources within it.
Mystic Townsite Historic District
Snake Valley Archeological District
Burke's Garden Rural Historic District
NAMING ARCHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES
Name archeological sites and districts by historic or traditional names. If an archeological property does not have a historic or traditional name, enter "N/A" and list, under Other Names/Site Number, the site number or a name derived from current ownership, an aspect of cultural significance, location, or geographic features. Identify the number or name to be used in National Register records by adding "(preferred)" after the entry.
AK 43287 (preferred)
PROPERTIES WITH COMMON NAMES
Differentiate properties with common names by numbering them or adding the location to the name.
United States Post Office - Walnut Street Branch
World War II Japanese Fortification - Site 2
PROPERTIES WITHOUT HISTORIC NAMES
If a property does not have a historic name, enter "N/A," and see below.
OTHER NAMES/SITE NUMBER
Enter any other names by which the property has been commonly known on the line provided. Also enter the site number, if one has been assigned to the property. Separate the entries with semicolons (;). List additional names on a continuation sheet. 120 characters, including spaces and punctuation, can be entered in the NRIS.
DEFINITION OF OTHER NAMES AND SITE NUMBER
"Other names" may reflect the property's history, current ownership, or popular use and may or may not fall into the categories given for historic names. Site numbers are sometimes assigned to properties, especially archeological sites, by a State or local government or Federal agency for identification.
OTHER NAME USED AS A HISTORIC NAME
If a property does not have a historic name, enter "(preferred)" after the name or site number that should be used for the property in National Register records and publications. Use this name throughout the form and explain in section 8 why it is preferred.
EXAMPLES OF HISTORIC NAMES
The historic name is generally the name associated with the significance of the property. Historic names fall into several categories:
A. Original owner or builder
Decatur, Stephen, House Hadley Falls Company Housing District
B. Significant persons or events associated with the property
Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, House Hammond-Harwood House American Flag Raising Site Columbus Landing Site Florence Townsite Historic District Quilcene-Quinault Battleground Site
C. Original or later significant uses of the property
Great Falls Portage Lithia Park Delaware Aqueduct Faneuil Hall United States Post Office--Main Branch Warren County Courthouse Louisiana State Capitol Cathedral of the Madeleine (Roman Catholic) Lexington Courthouse Square Historic District Fort Worth Stockyards Historic District Hohokam Platform Mound Communities
House at 21 Main Street Texarkana Archeological District South Lima Township Historic District
E. Innovative or unusual characteristics
Lucy, the Margate Elephant Fireproof Building Manuka Bay Petroglyphs 1767 Milestones Whipple Cast and Wrought-Iron Bowstring Truss Bridge Moselle Iron Furnace Stack Holyoke Canal System Cast Iron Historic District Painted Cliffs Archeological District
F. Accepted professional, scientific, technical, or traditional names
Wright II Archeological Site Lehner Mammoth Kill Site Experimental Breeder Reactor #1 Trinity Site Parting Ways Archeological District Monticello Vieux Carre Historic District Kawaewae Heiau Barrio de Analco Spade Ranch
STREET AND NUMBER
Enter the name and number of the street or road where the property is located. Do not exceed 120 characters, including spaces and punctuation. This information will also be used for publication in the Federal Register. Do not enter rural postal routes (RFD).
120 Commerce Street
Use abbreviations to save space if necessary, for example, "SR" for State route, "Jct" for junction or intersection, "N" for north, and "mi" for mile.
GUIDELINES FOR ENTERING STREET AND NUMBER
NOT FOR PUBLICATION
Mark "x" in the boxes for both "not for publication" and "vicinity" to indicate that a property needs certain protection. To protect fragile properties, particularly those subject to looting and vandalism, the National Park Service will withhold information about the location and character of the property from the general public. The Federal Register will indicate "Address Restricted" and give the nearest city or town as the property's location (see instructions for Vicinity below). The NRIS will also refer to the location this way. Further, the National Park Service will exclude this information from any copies of documentation requested by the public. Enter "N/A" if there is no reason to restrict information about the property.
Any information about the location, boundaries, or character of a property that should be restricted should be compiled on one or more continuation sheets. On the same sheet, explain the reasons for restricting the information. For further information, refer to National Register Bulletin 29: Guidelines for Restricting Information About Historic and Prehistoric Resources.
CITY OR TOWN
Enter the name of the city or town where the property is located. For properties outside the boundaries of a city or town, follow the instructions for Vicinity.
For a property located outside the boundaries of a city or town (or where the address is restricted), mark "x" in the box, and enter the name of the nearest city or town found on the USGS map in the blank for "city or town." Enter "N/A" for other properties.
Enter the name and two-letter postal code of the State or Territory where the property is located. Codes are given in Appendix I. Use a continuation sheet for any additional names and codes.
Enter the name of the county, parish, district, or equivalent area where the property is located. County codes are given in Appendix II. Use a continuation sheet for any additional names.
Enter the postal zip code for the area being registered. Use a continuation sheet for any additional zip codes.
SHPOs and FPOs complete this section.
Instructions can be found in Appendix VII.
The National Park Service completes this section.
OWNERSHIP OF PROPERTY
Mark "x" in all boxes that apply to indicate ownership
Private: Property owned by an individual, group of people, or organized body such as a church, corporation, or Indian tribe.
Public-local: Property owned by a local government such as a municipality or county.
Public-State: Property owned by the State government.
Public-Federal: Property owned by the U.S. government.
CATEGORY OF PROPERTY
Mark "x" in the box for the kind of property being documented: building, district, site, structure, or object. Mark only one box. See National Register Property and Resource Types for definitions and examples.
PROPERTIES CONTAINING MORE THAN ONE RESOURCE
Classify a property having a main resource and a small number of related secondary resources by the main resource.
House, garage, and barn = Building (for house)
City park with small fountain = Site (for park)
Lighthouse, keeper's house, and oil shed = Structure (for lighthouse)
Outdoor sculpture with low wall = Object (for sculpture)
Similarly, if two or more resources are attached , classify them by the most important resource.
Lighthouse with attached keeper's house = Structure
House with attached garage = Building
District applies to properties having:
A district may also contain individual resources that although linked by association or function were separated geographically during the period of significance, such as discontiguous archeological sites or a canal system with manmade segments interconnected by natural bodies of water. A district may contain discontiguous elements only where the historic interrelationship of a group of resources does not depend on visual continuity and physical proximity (see section on Geographical Data)
Examples: houses, barns, stables, sheds, garages, courthouses, city halls, social halls, commercial buildings, libraries, factories, mills, train depots, stationary mobile homes, hotels, theaters, schools, stores, and churches.
SITE - A site is the location of a significant event, a prehistoric or historic occupation or activity, or a building or structure, whether standing, ruined, or vanished, where the location itself possesses historic, cultural, or archeological value regardless of the value of any existing structure.
Examples: habitation sites, funerary sites, rock shelters, village sites, hunting and fishing sites, ceremonial sites, petroglyphs, rock carvings, gardens, grounds, battlefields, ruins of historic buildings and structures, campsites, sites of treaty signings, trails, areas of land, shipwrecks, cemeteries, designed landscapes, and natural features, such as springs and rock formations, and land areas having cultural significance.
STRUCTURE - The term "structure" is used to distinguish from buildings those functional constructions made usually for purposes other than creating human shelter.
Examples: bridges, tunnels, gold dredges, firetowers, canals, turbines, dams, power plants, corncribs, silos, roadways, shot towers, windmills, grain elevators, kilns, mounds, cairns, palisade fortifications, earthworks, railroad grades, systems of roadways and paths, boats and ships, railroad locomotives and cars, telescopes, carousels, bandstands, gazebos, and aircraft.
OBJECT - The term "object" is used to distinguish from buildings and structures those constructions that are primarily artistic in nature or are relatively small in scale and simply constructed. Although it may be, by nature or design, movable, an object is associated with a specific setting or environment.
Examples: sculpture, monuments, boundary markers, statuary, and fountains.
DISTRICT - A district possesses a significant concentration, linkage, or continuity of sites, buildings, structures, or objects united historically or aesthetically by plan or physical development.
Examples: college campuses; central business districts; residential areas; commercial areas; large forts; industrial complexes; civic centers; rural villages; canal systems; collections of habitation and limited activity sites; irrigation systems; large farms, ranches, estates, or plantations; transportation networks; and large landscaped parks.
NAME OF RELATED MULTIPLE PROPERTY LISTING
Enter the name of the multiple property listing if the property is being nominated as part of a multiple property submission. This name appears on the Multiple Property Documentation Form (NPS 10-900-b). Instructions for preparing multiple property submissions are found in Chapter IV and in National Register Bulletin16B: How to Complete the National Register Multiple Property Documentation Form. Check with the SHPO or FPO for further information about multiple property listings. Enter "N/A" for other properties.
NUMBER OF RESOURCES WITHIN PROPERTY
Enter the number of resources that make up the property in each category . Count contributing resources separately from noncontributing ones. Total each column. Do not include in the count any resources already listed in the National Register. Completing this item entails three steps:
RULES FOR COUNTING RESOURCES
If a group of resources, such as backyard sheds in a residential district, was not identified during a site inspection and cannot be included in the count, state that this is the case and explain why in the narrative for section 7. For additional guidance, contact the SHPO.
DETERMINING CONTRIBUTING AND NONCONTRIBUTING RESOURCES
The physical characteristics and historic significance of the overall property provide the basis for evaluating component resources. Relate information about each resource, such as date, function, associations, information potential, and physical characteristics, to the significance of the overall property to determine whether or not the resource contributes.
A contributing building, site, structure, or object adds to the historic associations, historic architectural qualities, or archeological values for which a property is significant because:
A noncontributing building, site, structure, or object does not add to the historic associations, historic architectural qualities, or archeological values for which a property is significant because:
NUMBER OF CONTRIBUTING RESOURCES PREVIOUSLY LISTED IN THE NATIONAL REGISTER
Enter the number of any contributing resources already listed in the National Register. this includes previously listed National register properties, National Historic Landmarks, and historic units of the National Park system. If no resources are already listed, enter "N/A."
For the nomination of a district with 5 previously listed buildings, enter "5."
For a district being enlarged from 26 buildings to 48, enter "26."
EXAMPLES OF RESOURCE COUNTS
A row of townhouses containing 12 units =12 contributing buildings
GUIDELINES FOR ENTERING FUNCTIONS
HISTORIC AND CURRENT FUNCTIONS
From the list, Data Categories for Functions and Uses, below, select one or more category and subcategory that most accurately describe the property's principal functions. Enter one category and subcategory in each blank on the form. Use a continuation sheet, if additional space is needed. For categories with several names, such as COMMERCE/ TRADE, enter the one that best relates to the property.
DOMESTIC/single dwelling = House
COMMERCE/financial = Bank
TRADE/trade = Prehistoric storage pit
RELIGION/religious facility = Church or temple
DOMESTIC/hotel and COMMERCE/restaurant = Inn, hotel, or way station providing both lodging and meals
DATA CATEGORIES FOR FUNCTIONS AND USES
Subcategory: single dwelling
Subcategory: multiple dwelling
Subcategory: secondary structure
Subcategory: institutional housing
Subcategory: village site
Subcategory: financial institution
Subcategory: specialty store
Subcategory: department store
Subcategory: trade (archeology)
Subcategory: meeting hall
Subcategory: city hall
Subcategory: correctional facility
Subcategory: fire station
Subcategory: government office
Subcategory: diplomatic building
Subcategory: custom house
Subcategory: post office
Subcategory: public works
Subcategory: research facility
Subcategory: religious facility
Subcategory: ceremonial site
Subcategory: church school
Subcategory: church-related residence
category: RECREATION AND CULTURE
Subcategory: music facility
Subcategory: outdoor recreation
Subcategory: work of art
Subcategory: agricultural field
Subcategory: animal facility
Subcategory: fishing facility or site
Subcategory: horticultural facility
Subcategory: agricultural outbuilding
Subcategory: irrigation facility
Subcategory: manufacturing facility
Subcategory: extractive facility
Subcategory: energy facility
Subcategory: processing site
Subcategory: industrial storage
Category: HEALTH CARE
Subcategory: medical business/office
Subcategory: arms storage
Subcategory: military facility
Subcategory: battle site
Subcategory: coast guard facility
Subcategory: naval facility
Subcategory: air facility
Subcategory: parking lot
Subcategory: unoccupied land
Subcategory: natural feature
Subcategory: street furniture/object
Subcategory: conservation area
Subcategory: road-related (vehicular)
Category: WORK IN PROGRESS
Category: VACANT/NOT IN USE
Complete this item for properties having architectural or historical importance. Select one or more subcategory to describe the property's architectural styles or stylistic influences from the list, Data Categories for Architectural Classification, below. Enter one subcategory in each blank on the form, placing those most important to the property first. Use a continuation sheet for additional entries.
GUIDELINES FOR ARCHITECTURAL CLASSIFICATION
If none of the subcategories describes the property's style or stylistic influence, enter:
1.the category relating to the general period of time, and
2.if possible, enter in the next blank "other:" and the term (not exceeding 28 characters) commonly used to describe the style or stylistic influence.
Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals
(Enter the general category by itself if no specific style or stylistic influence is apparent but the general characteristics of the period are present.)
For properties not described by any of the listed terms - including bridges, ships, locomotives, and buildings and structures that are prehistoric, folk, or vernacular in character, enter "other:" with the descriptive term (not exceeding 28 characters) most commonly used to classify the property by type, period, method of construction, or other characteristics. Use standardized terminology, terms recommended by the SHPOs, or a regionally-based system of nomenclature wherever possible. Do not use function , such as "worker housing" and "industrial," unless it actually describes a design or construction type. Define all terms in the narrative for section 7. Do not enter "vernacular" because the term does not describe any specific characteristics.
Other: Pratt through truss
Other: Gloucester fishing schooner
Other: split-log cabin
Other: Chaco Canyon
For properties not having any buildings or structures, such as many archeological and historic sites , enter "N/A."
For buildings and structures not described by the listed terms or by "other" and a common term , enter "No style."
DATA CATEGORIES FOR ARCHITECTURAL CLASSIFICATION
The following list has been adapted from American Architecture Since 1780: A Guide to Architectural Styles by Marcus Whiffen; Identifying American Architecture by John J. G. Blumenson; What Style Is It? by John Poppeliers, S. Allen Chambers, and Nancy B. Schwartz; and A Field Guide to American Houses by Virginia and Lee McAlester.
The categories appearing in capital letters in the far left column, relate to the general stylistic periods of American architecture. The subcategories, appearing in the indented left column, relate to the specific styles or stylistic influences that occurred in each period. The right column lists other commonly used terms. From the two left columns, select the categories or subcategories that most closely relate to the period and stylistic character of the property.
Category Subcategories Other Stylistic Terminology NO STYLE COLONIAL French Colonial Spanish Colonial Mexican Baroque Dutch Colonial Flemish Colonial Postmedieval English English Gothic; Elizabethan; Tudor; Jacobean or Jacobethan; New England Colonial; Southern Colonial Georgian EARLY REPUBLIC Early Classical Jeffersonian Classicism; Revival Roman Republican; Roman Revival; Roman Villa; Monumental Classicism; Regency Federal Adams or Adamesque MID-19TH Early Romanesque Revival CENTURY Greek Revival Gothic Revival Early Gothic Revival Italian Villa Exotic Revival Egyptian Revival; Moorish Revival Octagon Mode LATE VICTORIAN Victorian or High Victorian Eclectic Gothic High Victorian Gothic; Second Gothic Revival Italianate Victorian or High Victorian Italianate Second Empire Mansard Queen Anne Queen Anne Revival; Queen Anne-Eastlake Stick/Eastlake Eastern Stick; High Victorian Eastlake Shingle Style Romanesque Romanesque Revival; Richardsonian Romanesque Renaissance Renaissance Revival; Romano-Tuscan Mode; North Italian or Italian Renaissance; French Renaissance; Second Renaissance Revival LATE 19TH & 20TH Beaux Arts Beaux Arts Classicism CENTURY REVIVALS Colonial Revival Georgian Revival Classical Revival Neo-Classical Revival Tudor Revival Jacobean or Jacobethan Revival; Elizabethan Revival Late Gothic Revival Collegiate Gothic Mission/Spanish Colonial Revival Spanish Revival; Mediterranean Revival Italian Renaissance French Renaissance Pueblo LATE 19TH & EARLY Sullivanesque 20TH CENTURY Prairie School AMERICAN Commercial Style MOVEMENTS Chicago Skyscraper Bungalow/Craftsman Western Stick; Bungaloid MODERN MOVEMENT New Formalism; Neo-Expressionism; Brutalism; California Style or Ranch Style; Post-Modern; Wrightian Moderne Modernistic; Streamlined Moderne; Art Moderne International Style Miesian Art Deco OTHER MIXED More than three styles from different periods (for a building only)
Enter one or more terms from the list, Data Categories for Materials, to describe the principal exterior materials of the property. Enter both historic and nonhistoric materials.
Enter one category or subcategory in each blank for "foundation," "walls, "and "roof." Under "other," enter the principal materials of other parts of the exterior, such as chimneys, porches, lintels, cornices, and decorative elements. Use a continuation sheet for additional entries, making sure to list them under the headings: "foundation," "walls," "roof," or "other." For properties not having any buildings or structures, such as many archeological and historic sites , enter "N/A."
DATA CATEGORIES FOR MATERIALS
GUIDELINES FOR ENTERING MATERIALS
Provide a narrative describing the property and its physical characteristics on one or more continuation sheets. Describe the setting, buildings and other major resources, outbuildings, surface and subsurface remains (for properties with archeological significance), and landscape features. The narrative should document the evolution of the property, describing major changes since its construction or period of significance.
Begin with a summary paragraph that briefly describes the general characteristics of the property, such as its location and setting, type, style, method of construction, size, and significant features. Describe the current condition of the property and indicate whether the property has historic integrity in terms of location, design, setting, materials, workmanship, feeling, and association.
The Edward Jones House is a 1 and 1/2 story, frame, Arts and Crafts style bungalow with a modified rectangular plan, an intersecting gable roof, and a front porch. The walls and roof are finished with wood shingles, and the foundation, chimneys, and porch piers are built of fieldstone. Above the front porch is an open-timbered end gable with Japanese-influenced joinery. The interior of the house reflects the Arts and Crafts style in the oak woodwork and built-in cabinetry. The house is in the Shadyside neighborhood, a middle-class subdivision with tree-lined streets and 50-foot wide lots. The house fronts west onto Oak Street and is set behind a modest, cultivated lawn which slopes slightly toward the street. Behind the house, a rock garden incorporates the stonework of the foundation and chimney and is enclosed by a stone wall. A garage, echoing the house in design and materials, is set at the northeast corner of the lot and reached by a straight driveway from the street. The property is in excellent condition and has had very little alteration since its construction.
In additional paragraphs provide the information listed in Guidelines for Describing Properties below. Include specific facts and, wherever possible, dates. Organize the information in a logical manner, for example, by describing a building from the foundation up and from the exterior to the interior. Districts usually require street by street description with a more detailed description of pivotal buildings.
The amount of detail needed in the description depends on the size and complexity of the property and the extent to which alterations, additions, and deterioration have affected the property's integrity. For example, the more extensively a building has been altered, the more thorough the description of additions, replacement materials, and other alterations should be. Photographs and sketch maps may be used to supplement the narrative (see Additional Documentation).
The description should be concise, factual, and well organized. The information should be consistent with the resource counts in section 5, functions in section 6, and architectural classification and materials in section 7. Identify, in a list or on the accompanying sketch map, all of the resources counted in section 5 and indicate whether they are contributing or noncontributing. Also identify any previously listed resources.
Use common professional terms when describing buildings, structures, objects, sites, and districts. Define any terms regional or local in derivation that are not commonly understood or in general use, including any terms entered under Architectural Classification.
WRITING AN ARCHITECTURAL DESCRIPTION
Some general principles for describing buildings:
The following publications may be helpful:
Marcus Whiffen's American Architecture Since 1780: A Guide to the Styles (M.I.T. Press, Cambridge, 1969).
John Blumenson's Identifying American Architecture (American Association for State and Local History, Nashville, l977).
Cyril Harris's Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1975).
John Poppeliers and S. Allen Chambers's What Style Is It? (Preservation Press, Washington, DC, l983).
Virginia and Lee McAlester's A Field Guide to American Houses (Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York, l984).
INDUSTRIAL AND ENGINEERING STRUCTURES
Checklist for Describing Structures of Engineering or Industrial Significance, found in Appendix VI.
David Weitzman's Traces of the Past: A Guide to Industrial Archaeology (Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, l980).
James Deetz's Invitation to Archeology (Natural History Press, Garden City, New York, 1967) and In Small Things Forgotten: The Archeology of Early American Life (Doubleday, Garden City, New York, 1977).
The Handbook of North American Indians (Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, 1978+), a series of 15 volumes based on geographical regions and edited by William C. Sturtevant.
For guidance in describing maritime resources, historic landscapes, historic archeological sites, and other special kinds of properties, refer to other National Register Bulletins. A number of publications available from the National Trust for Historic Preservation, American Association for State and Local History, and the Historic American Buildings Survey, Historic American Engineering Record, and Preservation Assistance Division of the National Park Service are also helpful in describing resources such as commercial buildings, architecture of ethnic groups, historic districts, historic landscapes, terra cotta buildings, historic barns, and historic houses.
BUILDINGS, STRUCTURES, AND OBJECTS
A. Type or form, such as dwelling, church, or commercial block.
B. Setting, including the placement or arrangement of buildings and other resources, such as in a commercial center or a residential neighborhood or detached or in a row.
C. General characteristics:
1. Overall shape of plan and arrangement of interior spaces.
D. Specific features, by type, location, number, material, and condition:
1. Porches, including verandas, porticos, stoops, and attached sheds.
E. Important decorative elements, such as finials, pilasters, bargeboards, brackets, halftimbering, sculptural relief, balustrades, corbelling, cartouches, and murals or mosaics.
F. Significant interior features, such as floor plans, stairways, functions of rooms, spatial relationships, wainscoting, flooring, paneling, beams, vaulting, architraves, moldings, and chimneypieces.
G. Number, type, and location of outbuildings, with dates, if known.
H. Other manmade elements, including roadways, contemporary structures, and landscape features.
I. Alterations or changes to the property, with dates, if known. A restoration is considered an alteration even if an attempt has been made to restore the property to its historic form (see L below). If there have been numerous alterations to a significant interior, also submit a sketch of the floor plan illustrating and dating the changes.
J. Deterioration due to vandalism, neglect, lack of use, or weather, and the effect it has had on the property's historic integrity.
K. For moved properties:
1. Date of move.
L. For restored and reconstructed buildings:
1. Date of restoration or reconstruction.
M. For properties where landscape or open space adds to the significance or setting of the property, such as rural properties, college campuses, or the grounds of public buildings:
1. Historic appearance and current condition of natural features.
N. For industrial properties where equipment and machinery is intact:
1. Types, approximate date, and function of machinery.
A. Environmental setting of the property today and, if different, its environmental setting during the periods of occupation or use. Emphasize environmental features or factors related to the location, use, formation, or preservation of the site.
B. Period of time when the property is known or projected to have been occupied or used. Include comparisons with similar sites and districts that have assisted in identification.
C. Identity of the persons, ethnic groups, or archeological cultures who, through their activities, created the archeological property. Include comparisons with similar sites and districts that have assisted in identification.
D. Physical characteristics:
1. Site type, such as rockshelter, temporary camp, lithic workshop, rural homestead,
or shoe factory.
E. Likely appearance of the site during the periods of occupation or use. Include comparisons with similar sites and districts that have assisted in description.
F. Current and past impacts on or immediately around the property, such as modern development, vandalism, road construction, agriculture, soil erosion, or flooding.
G. Previous investigations of the property, including,
1. Archival or literature research.
A. Present condition of the site and its setting.
B. Natural features that contributed to the selection of the site for the significant event or activity, such as a spring, body of water, trees, cliffs, or promontories.
C. Other natural features that characterized the site at the time of the significant event or activity, such as vegetation, topography, a body of water, rock formations, or a forest.
D. Any cultural remains or other manmade evidence of the significant event or activities.
E. Type and degree of alterations to natural and cultural features since the significant event or activity, and their impact on the historic integrity of the site.
F. Explanation of how the current physical environment and remains of the site reflect the period and associations for which the site is significant.
ARCHITECTURAL AND HISTORIC DISTRICTS
A. Natural and manmade elements comprising the district, including prominent topographical features and structures, buildings, sites, objects, and other kinds of development.
B. Architectural styles or periods represented and predominant characteristics, such as scale, proportions, materials, color, decoration, workmanship, and quality of design.
C. General physical relationship of buildings to each other and to the environment, including facade lines, street plans, squares, open spaces, density of development, landscaping, principal vegetation, and important natural features. Any changes to these relationships over time. Some of this information may be provided on a sketch map.
D. Appearance of the district during the time when the district achieved significance (see Period of Significance) and any changes or modifications since.
E. General character of the district, such as residential, commercial, or industrial, and the types of buildings and structures, including outbuildings and bridges, found in the district.
F. General condition of buildings, including alterations, additions, and any restoration or rehabilitation activities.
G. Identity of buildings, groups of buildings, or other resources that do and do not contribute to the district's significance. (See Determining Contributing and Noncontributing Resources for definitions of contributing and noncontributing resources.) If resources are classified by terms other than "contributing" and "noncontributing," clearly explain which terms denote contributing resources and which noncontributing. Provide a list of all resources that are contributing or noncontributing or identify them on the sketch map submitted with the form (see Sketch Map).
H. Most important contributing buildings, sites, structures, and objects. Common kinds of other contributing resources.
I. Qualities distinguishing the district from its surroundings.
J. Presence of any archeological resources that may yield important information with any related paleo-environmental data (see guidelines for describing archeological sites and districts).
K. Open spaces such as parks, agricultural areas, wetlands, and forests, including vacant lots or ruins that were the site of activities important in prehistory or history.
L. For industrial districts:
1. Industrial activities and processes, both historic and current, within the district;
important natural and geographical features related to these processes or activities, such as
waterfalls, quarries, or mines.
M. For rural districts:
1. Geographical and topographical features such as valleys, vistas, mountains, and
bodies of water that convey a sense of cohesiveness or give the district its rural or natural
ARCHEOLOGICAL DISTRICTS A. Environmental setting of the district today and, if different, its environmental setting during the periods of occupation or use. Emphasize environmental features or factors related to the location, use, formation, or preservation of the district.
B. Period of time when the district is known or projected to have been occupied or used. Include comparisons with similar sites and districts that have assisted in identification.
C. Identity of the persons, ethnic groups, or archeological cultures who occupied or used the area encompassed by the district. Include comparisons with similar sites and districts that have assisted in identification.
D. Physical characteristics:
1. Type of district, such as an Indian village with outlying sites, a group of quarry
sites, or a historic manufacturing complex.
E. Likely appearance of the district during the periods of occupation or use. Include comparisons with similar sites and districts that have assisted in description.
F. Current and past impacts on or immediately around the district, such as modern development, vandalism, road contruction, agriculture, soil erosion, or flooding. Describe the integrity of the district as a whole and, in written or tabular form, the integrity of individual sites.
G. Previous investigations of the property, including:
1. Archival or literature research.
Mark "x" in one or more of the boxes to identify the National Register criteria for which the property qualifies for listing. The National Register criteria are listed below.
For districts with properties individually meeting the National Register criteria, mark x in the box that identifies the criterion for which that property is significant as well as the criterion for the district as a whole.
A historic district significant for its collection of period revival houses also contains the home of an influential newspaper publisher who contributed to local labor reforms in the 1920s. Check boxes B and C.
Properties are often significant for more than one criterion. Mark only those boxes for qualifying criteria that are supported by the narrative statement of significance. A National Register nomination may claim and document significance for one criterion only, even when a property appears likely to meet additional criteria.
For guidance in applying the National Register criteria to historic properties, refer to National Register Bulletin 15: How to Apply the National Register Criteria for Evaluation.
Mark "x" in the box for any criteria consideration applying to the property. Mark all that apply. Leave this section blank if no considerations apply.
The criteria considerations are part of the National Register criteria (see below). They set forth special standards for listing certain kinds of properties usually excluded from the National Register.
For districts , mark only the criteria considerations applying to the entire district or to a predominant resource or group of resources within the district.
THE NATIONAL REGISTER CRITERIA
Criteria: The quality of significance in American history, architecture, archeology, engineering, and culture is present in districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects that possess integrity of location, design, setting, materials, workmanship, feeling and association, and:
B. That are associated with the lives of persons significant in our past; or
C. That embody the distinctive characteristics of a type, period, or method of construction or that represent the work of a master, that possess high artistic values, or that represent a significant and distinguishable entity whose components may lack individual distinction; or
D. That have yielded, or may be likely to yield, information important in prehistory or history.
Criteria Considerations: Ordinarily cemeteries, birthplaces, or graves of historical figures, properties owned by religious institutions or used for religious purposes, structures that have been moved from their original locations, reconstructed historic buildings, properties primarily commemorative in nature, and properties that have achieved significance within the past 50 years shall not be considered eligible for the National Register. However, such properties will qualify if they are integral parts of districts that do meet the criteria or if they fall within the following categories:
A. A religious property deriving primary significance from architectural or artistic distinction or historical importance; or
B. A building or structure removed from its original location but which is significant primarily for architectural value, or which is the surviving structure most importantly associated with a historic person or event; or
C. A birthplace or grave of a historical figure of outstanding importance if there is no other appropriate site or building directly associated with his or her productive life; or
D. A cemetery which derives its primary significance from graves of persons of transcendent importance, from age, from distinctive design features, or from association with historic events; or
E. A reconstructed building when accurately executed in a suitable environment and presented in a dignified manner as part of a restoration master plan, and when no other building or structure with the same association has survived; or
F. A property primarily commemorative in intent if design, age, tradition, or symbolic value has invested it with its own historical significance; or
G. A property achieving significance within the past 50 years if it is of exceptional importance.
AREAS OF SIGNIFICANCE
Select one or more areas of prehistory or history, from the list, Data Categories for Areas of Significance, below, in which the property qualifies for National Register listing. Enter one category or subcategory in each blank , placing the ones most important to the property first. Use a continuation sheet for additional entries.
If no category or subcategory applies to the property, enter "other:" with the name of the area in which the property attained significance.
An area of significance must be entered for each criterion marked on the form. Enter only areas that are supported by the narrative statement.
For districts, enter areas of significance applying to the district as whole. If properties within the district individually meet the National Register criteria, enter their areas of significance also.
Criterion A : For a property significant under Criterion A, select the category relating to the historic event or role for which the property is significant, such as "transportation" for a railroad station, trolley car, or stagecoach stop.
Criterion B: For a property significant under Criterion B, select the category in which the significant individual made the contributions for which he or she is known or for which the property is illustrative: for example, "literature" and "politics and government" for the home of a well-known political theorist and statesman.
Criterion C : For a property significant under Criterion C, select "architecture," "art," "landscape architecture," "engineering," or "community planning and development" depending on the type of property and its importance. Generally "architecture" applies to buildings and "engineering" to structures; however, if a building is notable for its advanced construction technology it may be significant under both "architecture" and "engineering." For example, a 1930s public building significant for a Depression-era mural is significant under "art," a cathedral noted as the work of Richard Upjohn and for stained glass by Tiffany under "architecture" and "art"; and an early example of a concrete rainbow arch bridge under "engineering."
Criterion D : For a property significant under Criterion D, enter the subcategory of archeology that best describes the type of historic or prehistoric group about which the property is likely to yield information. Also, enter any categories and subcategories about which the site is likely to provide information, for example, "prehistoric archeology," "agriculture," and "engineering" for the ruins of an ancient irrigation system that is likely to provide information about prehistoric subsistence and technology.
DATA CATEGORIES FOR AREAS OF SIGNIFICANCE
Category Subcategory Definition AGRICULTURE The process and technology of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock and plants. ARCHITECTURE The practical art of designing and constructing buildings and structures to serve human needs. ARCHEOLOGY The study of prehistoric and historic cultures through excavation and the analysis of physical remains. Prehistoric Archeological study of aboriginal cultures before the advent of written records. Historic--- Archeological study of aboriginal Aboriginal cultures after the advent of written records. Historic--- Archeological study of non-aboriginal Non-Aboriginal cultures after the advent of written records. ART The creation of painting, printmaking, photography, sculpture, and decorative arts. COMMERCE The business of trading goods, services, and commodities. COMMUNICATIONS The technology and process of transmitting information. COMMUNITY PLANNING The design or development of the physical AND DEVELOPMENT structure of communities. CONSERVATION The preservation, maintenance, and management of natural or manmade resources. ECONOMICS The study of the production, distribution, and consumption of wealth; the management of monetary and other assets. EDUCATION The process of conveying or acquiring knowledge or skills through systematic instruction, training, or study. ENGINEERING The practical application of scientific principles to design, construct, and operate equipment, machinery, and structures to serve human needs. ENTERTAINMENT/ The development and practice of leisure RECREATION activities for refreshment, diversion, amusement, or sport. ETHNIC HERITAGE The history of persons having a common ethnic or racial identity. Asian The history of persons having origins in the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent. Black The history of persons having origins in any of the black racial groups of Africa. European The history of persons having origins in Europe. Hispanic The history of persons having origins in the Spanish-speaking areas of the Caribbean, Mexico, Central America, and South America. Native American The history of persons having origins in any of the original peoples of North America, including American Indian and American Eskimo cultural groups. Pacific Islander The history of persons having origins in the Pacific Islands, including Polynesia, Micronesia, and Melanesia. Other The history of persons having origins in other parts of the world, such as the Middle East or North Africa. EXPLORATION/ The investigation of unknown or little SETTLEMENT known regions; the establishment and earliest development of new settlements or communities. HEALTH/MEDICINE The care of the sick, disabled, and handicapped; the promotion of health and hygiene. INDUSTRY The technology and process of managing materials, labor, and equipment to produce goods and services. INVENTION The art of originating by experiment or ingenuity an object, system, or concept of practical value. LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE The practical art of designing or arranging the land for human use and enjoyment. LAW The interpretation and enforcement of society's legal code. LITERATURE The creation of prose and poetry. MARITIME HISTORY The history of the exploration, fishing, navigation, and use of inland, coastal, and deep sea waters. MILITARY The system of defending the territory and sovereignty of a people. PERFORMING ARTS The creation of drama, dance, and music. PHILOSOPHY The theoretical study of thought, knowledge, and the nature of the universe. POLITICS/GOVERNMENT The enactment and administration of laws by which a nation, State, or other political jurisdiction is governed; activities related to political process. RELIGION The organized system of beliefs, practices, and traditions regarding mankind's relationship to perceived supernatural forces. SCIENCE The systematic study of natural law and phenomena. SOCIAL HISTORY The history of efforts to promote the welfare of society; the history of society and the lifeways of its social groups. TRANSPORTATION The process and technology of conveying passengers or materials. OTHER Any area not covered by the above categories.
PERIOD OF SIGNIFICANCE
Enter the dates for one or more periods of time when the property attained the significance qualifying it for National Register listing. Some periods of significance are as brief as a single year. Many, however, span many years and consist of beginning and closing dates. Combine overlapping periods and enter them as one longer period of significance.
DEFINITION OF PERIOD OF SIGNIFICANCE
Period of significance is the length of time when a property was associated with important events, activities, or persons, or attained the characteristics which qualify it for National Register listing. Period of significance usually begins with the date when significant activities or events began giving the property its historic significance; this is often a date of construction. For prehistoric properties, the period of significance is the broad span of time about which the site or district is likely to provide information; it is often the period associated with a particular cultural group.
For periods in history, enter one year or a continuous span of years:
1875 - 1888
For periods in prehistory , enter the range of time by millennia.
8000 - 6000 B.C.
Base the period of significance on specific events directly related to the significance of the property, for example, the date of construction for a building significant for its design or the length of time a mill operated and contributed to local industry.
Enter one period of significance in each blank on the form , placing the ones most important to the property first. Use a continuation sheet, if more space is needed. Complete this item for all properties, even if the period is less than one year.
GUIDELINES FOR SELECTING THE PERIODS OF SIGNIFICANCE
Criterion A : For the site of an important event, such as a pivotal five-month labor strike, the period of significance is the time when the event occurred. For properties associated with historic trends, such as commercial development, the period of significance is the span of time when the property actively contributed to the trend.
Criterion B : The period of significance for a property significant for Criterion B is usually the length of time the property was associated with the important person.
Criterion C : For architecturally significant properties, the period of significance is the date of construction and/or the dates of any significant alterations and additions.
Criterion D : The period of significance for an archeological site is the estimated time when it was occupied or used for reasons related to its importance, for example, 3000-2500 B.C.
Enter the year of any events, associations, construction, or alterations qualifying the property for National Register listing or adding to its significance. A property may have several dates of significance; all of them, however, must fall within the periods ofsignificance. Enter one date in each blank, placing those most important to the property first. Use a continuation sheet for additional entries.
Some properties with a period of significance spanning many years may not have any specific dates of significance. In these cases, enter "N/A."
DEFINITION OF SIGNIFICANT DATE
A significant date is the year when one or more major events directly contributing to the significance of a historic property occurred. Examples include:
GUIDELINES FOR IDENTIFYING SIGNIFICANT DATES
Complete this item only if Criterion B is checked as a qualifying criterion. Enter the full name of the person with whom the property is importantly associated. Do not exceed 26 characters, including spaces and punctuation.
Enter as complete a name as possible, placing the last name first. If the individual is listed in the Dictionary of American Biography, enter the name as it appears in that source.
White, Edward Gould
Bartlett, Stephen Jameson
For properties associated with several important persons, enter the name of the person most important to the property on the form, and list all others in order of their importance on a continuation sheet. (If no one stands out as most important, place the name of the person
with the earliest associations on the form.) For additional guidance on evaluating properties for Criterion B, see National Register Bulletin 32: Guidelines for Evaluating and Documenting Properties Associated with Significant Persons.
If Criterion B has not been marked, enter "N/A."
GUIDELINES FOR ENTERING NAMES OF SIGNIFICANT PERSONS
Complete only if Criterion D is marked on the form. Enter one or more cultural affiliations reflected by the site or district. Use only commonly accepted and used terms. Enter one cultural affiliation in each blank, placing the most important or predominant ones first. Use a continuation sheet for additional entries.
Enter important cultural affiliations for properties significant for other criteria, including ethnographic properties, as areas of significance. Enter "ethnic heritage" following the instructions in Guidelines for Selecting Area of Significance.
If a cultural affiliation cannot be identified, enter "undefined."
DEFINITION OF CULTURAL AFFILIATION
Cultural affiliation is the archeological or ethnographic culture to which a collection of artifacts or resources belongs. It is generally a term given to a specific cultural group for which assemblages of artifacts have been found at several sites of the same age in the same region.
GUIDELINES FOR ENTERING CULTURAL AFFILIATION
Enter the full name of the person(s) responsible for the design or construction of the property. This includes architects, artists, builders, craftsmen, designers, engineers, and landscape architects.
Enter as complete a name as possible, not exceeding 36 characters. If the person is listed in the Dictionary of American Biography, enter the name as it appears in that source.
Richardson, Henry Hobson
Benton, Thomas Hart
Enter one name in each blank. For more than one architect/builder, place the name of the one most important to the property first. Use a continuation sheet, if additional space is needed.
If the property has no built resources, enter "N/A."
GUIDELINES FOR ENTERING NAME OF ARCHITECT/BUILDER
NARRATIVE STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE
Explain how the property meets the National Register criteria, using one or more continuation sheets. Drawing on facts about the history of the property and the historic trends--local, State, or national--that the property reflects, make the case for the property's historic significance and integrity. The statement should explain the information entered on the form for the following:
The statement of significance contains several parts:
1.A paragraph summarizing the property's significance.
2. Several supporting paragraphs that briefly discuss:
The statement should be concise, factual, well-organized, and in paragraph form. Include only information pertinent to the property and its eligibility. Additional documentation should be maintained by the SHPO, Certified Local Government, Federal agency, or another institution.
WRITING A STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE
Some general principles for stating significance:
Identify the following items:
The Edward Jones House, built in 1911, is a product of the dissemination of the Arts and Crafts philosophy and aesthetic in America and is an exceptional example of the craftsmanship of a regionally prominent master builder. Contextually it relates to the influence of the American Arts and Crafts Movement in Texas and to the statewide context, Arts in Texas. Secondarily, the Jones House relates to the context, Community and Regional Planning in Texas, as a product of the urban growth of Hilldale and the planned development of Shadyside. The house meets National Register Criterion C in the area of Architecture as one of the best residential examples of the Arts and Crafts style in the State and as the work of master builder and craftsman Gustav Gustavsen.
SUPPORTING PARAGRAPHS - HISTORY OF PROPERTY
Discuss the chronology and historic development of the property. Highlight and focus on the events, activities, associations, characteristics, and other facts that relate the property to its historic contexts and are the basis for its meeting the National Register criteria. Follow the Guidelines for Evaluating and Stating Significance listed below. The guidelines, in the form of questions, address the key points that should be covered. Consult with SHPO and FPO staff to determine what and how much information is needed to support the property's significance and integrity.
GUIDELINES FOR EVALUATING AND STATING SIGNIFICANCE
The following questions should be considered when evaluating the significance of a property and developing the statement of significance. Incorporate in the narrative the answers to the questions directly pertaining to the property's historic significance and integrity.
A. What events took place on the significant dates indicated on the form, and in what ways are they important to the property?
B. In what ways does the property physically reflect its period of significance, and in what ways does it reflect changes after the period of significance?
C. What is the period of significance based on? Be specific and refer to existing resources or features within the property or important events in the property's history.
BUILDINGS, STRUCTURES AND OBJECTS
A. If the property is significant for its association with historic events, what are the historically significant events or patterns of activity associated with the property? Does the existing building, object, or structure reflect in a tangible way the important historical associations? How have alterations or additions contributed to or detracted from the resource's ability to convey the feeling and association of the significant historic period?
B. If the property is significant because of its association with an individual, how long and when was the individual associated with the property and during what period in his or her life? What were the individual's significant contributions during the period of association? Are there other resources in the vicinity also having strong associations with the individual? If so, compare their significance and associations to that of the property being documented.
C. If the property is significant for architectural, landscape, aesthetic, or other physical qualities, what are those qualities and why are they significant? Does the property retain enough of its significant design to convey these qualities? If not, how have additions or alterations contributed to or detracted from the significance of the resource?
D. Does the property have possible archeological significance and to what extent has this significance been considered?
E. Does the property possess attributes that could be studied to extract important information? For example: does it contain tools, equipment, furniture, refuse, or other materials that could provide information about the social organization of its occupants, their relations with other persons and groups, or their daily lives? Has the resource been rebuilt or added to in ways that reveal changing concepts of style or beauty?
F. If the property is no longer at its original location, why did the move occur? How does the new location affect the historical and architectural integrity of the property?
A. How does the property relate to the significant event, occupation, or activity that took place there?
B. How have alterations such as the destruction of original buildings, changes in land use, and changes in foliage or topography affected the integrity of the site and its ability to convey its significant associations? For example, if the forested site of a treaty signing is now a park in a suburban development, the site may have lost much of its historic integrity and may not be eligible for the National Register.
C. In what ways does the event that occurred here reflect the broad patterns of American history and why is it significant?
A. What is the cultural context in which the property is considered significant? How does the site relate to what is currently known of the region's prehistory or history and similar known sites?
B. What kinds of information can the known data categories yield? What additional kinds of information are expected to be present on the basis of knowledge of similar sites? What similarities permit comparison with other known sites?
C. What is the property's potential for research? What research questions may be addressed at the site? How do these questions relate to the current understanding of the region's archeology? How does the property contribute or have the potential for contributing important information regarding human ecology, cultural history, or cultural process? What evidence, including scholarly investigations, supports the evaluation of significance?
D. How does the integrity of the property affect its significance and potential to yield important information?
E. If the site has been totally excavated, how has the information yielded contributed to the knowledge of American cultures or archeological techniques to the extent that the site is significant for the investigation that occurred there?
F. Does the property possess resources, such as buildings or structures, that in their own right are architecturally or historically significant? If so, how are they significant?
ARCHITECTURAL AND HISTORIC DISTRICTS
A. What are the physical features and characteristics that distinguish the district, including architectural styles, building materials, building types, street patterns, topography, functions and land uses, and spatial organization?
B. What are the origins and key events in the historical development of the district? Are any architects, builders, designers, or planners important to the district's development?
C. Does the district convey a sense of historic and architectural cohesiveness through its design, setting, materials, workmanship, or association?
D. How do the architectural styles or elements within the district contribute to the feeling of time and place? What period or periods of significance are reflected by the district?
E. How have significant individuals or events contributed to the development of the district?
F. How has the district affected the historical development of the community, region, or State? How does the district reflect the history of the community, region, or State?
G. How have intrusions and noncontributing structures and buildings affected the district's ability to convey a sense of significance?
H. What are the qualities that distinguish the district from its surroundings?
I. How does the district compare to other similar areas in the locality, region, or State?
J. If there are any preservation or restoration activities in the district, how do they affect the significance of the district?
K. Does the district contain any resources outside the period of significance that are contributing? If so, identify them and explain their importance (see Determining Contributing and Noncontributing Resources).
L. If the district has industrial significance, how do the industrial functions or processes represented relate to the broader industrial or technological development of the locality, region, State or nation? How important were the entrepreneurs, engineers, designers, and planners who contributed to the development of the district? How do the remaining buildings, structures, sites, and objects within the district reflect industrial production or process?
M. If the district is rural, how are the natural and manmade elements of the district linked historically or architecturally, functionally, or by common ethnic or social background? How does the open space constitute or unite significant features of the district?
N. Does the district have any resources of possible archeological significance? If so, how are they likely to yield important information? How do they relate to the prehistory or history of the district?
A. What is the cultural context in which the district has been evaluated, including its relationship to what is currently known about the area's prehistory and history and the characteristics giving the district cohesion for study?
B. How do the resources making up the district as a group contribute to the significance of the district?
C. How do the resources making up the district individually or in the representative groupings identified in section 7 contribute to the significance of the district?
D. What is the district's potential for research? What research questions may be addressed at the district? How do these questions relate to the current understanding of the region's archeology? How does the property contribute or have the potential for contributing important information regarding human ecology, cultural history, or cultural process? What evidence, including scholarly investigations, supports the evaluation of significance? Given the existence of material remains with research potential, what is the context that establishes the importance of the recoverable data, taking into account the current state of knowledge in specified topical areas?
E. How does the integrity of the district affect its significance and potential to yield important information?
F. Does the district possess resources, such as buildings or structures, that in their own right are architecturally or historically significant? If so, how are they significant?
SUPPORTING PARAGRAPHS - HISTORIC CONTEXT
Relate the property to important themes in the prehistory or history of its community, State, or the nation. Include information about the history of the community or larger geographical area that explains the ways the property is unique or representative of its theme, place, and time.
Consider, for example, the historic context of the Hartstene Island Community Hall. The significance of the hall is based on its role in the community over a period of 45 years. This significance becomes apparent when facts about the community's settlement, isolated location, and social activities are considered.
Similarly, the context for a small town general store relies on facts about its role in the commercial development of the community:
The railroad affected the growth and development of Greeneville, creating the opportunity for businesses like Bartlett's General Store to flourish. Such a business, in turn, served not only its local community but took on the regional trade of farmers who came to town to ship their produce, collect staples and equipment, and conduct business. Greeneville flourished through the enterprising spirit and forward thinking of merchants and local leaders, such as Stephen Bartlett. Among the several commercial buildings established in the era following the railroad's introduction, Bartlett's Store was the largest and continued in business the longest, adapting to changing times and needs. Recognition of Bartlett's establishes a standard for the significance and integrity of a successful and pivotal commercial property reflecting the history of the town.
Incorporate the following information to the extent that it relates to the significance of the property:
The discussion of historic context should do several things:
For example, the statement for a residential historic district should discuss how the associations, architectural styles and types, and periods reflected by the district represent one or several important aspects of the historic development of the community, whether the community has a number of neighborhoods with the same or similar qualities, and how the district is unique or representative in comparison to other districts representing its theme and period.
Incorporate the facts needed to make the case for significance and integrity. Consult with the SHPO or FPO staff for help in determining how much and what kinds of information are needed. The site of a pivotal battle or a textbook example of a prominent architectural style usually requires less documentation than a property associated with a commonplace local event or exhibiting a vernacular building form about which little is written.
GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPING HISTORIC CONTEXT
Identify and provide facts about one or more themes of history to which the property relates through its historic uses, activities, associations, and physical characteristics. These facts should be organized by theme, geographical place, and period of time. Facts may relate to other properties having similar associations or characteristics and existing in the same place and time. (For a complete discussion of historic context, see National Register Bulletin 15: How to Apply the National Register Criteria for Evaluation and National Register Bulletin 16B: How to Complete the National Register Multiple Property Documentation Form.)
PROPERTIES SIGNIFICANT FOR CRITERION A
Explain how the event or pattern of events made an important contribution to the history of the community, State, or nation, and how related types of properties reflect these events, for example, how the advent of the railroad affected the growth and character of a town in the late 19th century and is represented today by the1870 depot.
PROPERTIES SIGNIFICANT FOR CRITERION B
Explain why the person with whom the property is associated is important to the history of the community, State, or nation. Identify also other properties associated with the person and explain their role in the career of the person, for example, how an author who depicted the people, events, and places of her region achieved statewide recognition and how a rustic mountain retreat and boarding house where she wrote and found inspiration are the surviving properties best associated with her life and career.
PROPERTIES SIGNIFICANT FOR CRITERION C
Type or method of construction : Explain why the type, period or method of construction represents architectural features that are significant in the development of the community, State, or nation, for example, how a local variation of a split-log I-house represents a once common but now rare housing type of the early 19th century regionally and is a good example of its type.
Work of a master : Provide facts about the career and work of the artist, architect, engineer, or landscape architect to explain how the person was accomplished in his or her field and made contributions to the art, architecture, or landscape architecture of the community, State, or nation, for example, how an architect achieved recognition for his homes of wealthy merchants and produced a large number of middle and upper class residences in the late 1700s in a prosperous seaport.
High artistic values : Describe the quality of artistry or craftsmanship present in comparable works in the community, State, or nation, for example, how the elaborate hand-carved woodwork apparent in the public buildings and private homes of a rural county seat in a western State is the notable achievement of a local carpenter and his family over several generations.
PROPERTIES SIGNIFICANT FOR CRITERION D
Explain why the information the site is likely to yield is important to the knowledge of the prehistory or history of the community, State, or nation, for example, how the data on hunting and gathering practices and technology of a Late Archaic culture will broaden the knowledge and understanding of the culture's occupation regionally.
PROPERTIES OF LOCAL SIGNIFICANCE
Identify the local events and activities relating to the property and discuss their importance to local history.
PROPERTIES OF STATE SIGNIFICANCE
Discuss how the property reflects the history of the State and the ways in which the property is one of the best of similarly associated properties in the State to represent the theme.
PROPERTIES OF NATIONAL SIGNIFICANCE
Discuss how the property reflects an important aspect of the history of the Nation as a whole or has contributed in an exceptional way to the diverse geographical and cultural character of the Nation. Also, explain how the property relates to other properties nationwide having similar associations. (See Chapter V, Documenting Nationally Significant Properties.)
Enter the primary and secondary sources used in documenting and evaluating this property on one or more continuation sheets. These include books, journal or magazine articles, interviews, oral history tapes, planning documents, historic resource studies or survey reports, census data, newspaper articles, deeds, wills, correspondence, business records, diaries, and other sources. Do not include general reference works unless they provide specific information about the property or have assisted in evaluating the property's significance.
Use a standard bibliographical style such as that found in A Manual of Style or A Manual for Writers by Kate L. Turabian, both published by the University of Chicago Press.
Lancaster, Clay. The American Bungalow, 1880-1930 . New York: Abbeville Press, 1985.
Page, Jane. Gustave Gustavsen: Architect and Craftsman. Texas Journal of Art 2 (June 1989): 113-25.
Stickley, Gustave. Craftsman Homes: Architecture and Furnishings of the American Arts and Crafts Movement . 2nd ed. New York: Craftsman Publishing Company, 1909; reprint ed. New York: Dover Publications, 1979.
PREVIOUS DOCUMENTATION ON FILE (NPS)
This item is completed by the nominating official. Mark "x" in the appropriate box for any other previous NPS action involving the property being registered. Also enter the survey number, if the property has been recorded by the Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) or the Historic American Engineering Record (HAER). Also indicate any requests for preliminary determinations of individual listing (Tax Act Certification Application - Part One) currently in process.
PRIMARY LOCATION OF ADDITIONAL DATA
Mark "x" in the box to indicate where most of the additional documentation about the property is stored. Enter the name of any repository other than the SHPO.
GUIDELINES FOR BIBLIOGRAPHICAL REFERENCES
This section defines the location and extent of the property being nominated. It also explains why the boundaries were selected. Review the guidelines below before selecting boundaries and completing this information. For additional guidance, see National Register Bulletin 21: How to Establish Boundaries for National Register Properties and National Register Bulletin 12: Definition of National Register Boundaries for Archeological Properties.
For discontiguous districts, provide a set of geographical data--including acreage, UTMs, and a boundary description and justification--for each separate area of land.
GUIDELINES FOR SELECTING BOUNDARIES
2. Natural topographic features, such as ridges, valleys, rivers, and forests.
3. Manmade features, such as stone walls; hedgerows; the curblines of highways, streets, and roads; areas of new construction.
4. For large properties, topographic features, contour lines, and section lines marked on USGS maps.
BUILDINGS, STRUCTURES AND OBJECTS
2. Acreage, including fields, forests, and open range, that was associated with the property historically and conveys the property's historic setting. (This area must have historic integrity and contribute to the property's historic significance.)
HISTORIC AND ARCHITECTURAL DISTRICTS
2. Visual changes in the character of the area due to different architectural styles, types or periods, or to a decline in the concentration of contributing resources.
3. Boundaries at a specific time in history, such as the original city limits or the legally recorded boundaries of a housing subdivision, estate, or ranch.
4. Clearly differentiated patterns of historical development, such as commercial versus residential or industrial.
2. When manmade resources are interconnected by natural features that are excluded from the National Register listing: for example, a canal system that incorporates natural waterways.
3. When a portion of a district has been separated by intervening development or highway construction and when the separated portion has sufficient significance and integrity to meet the National Register criteria.
ARCHEOLOGICAL SITES AND DISTRICTS
2. Surface observation of site features and materials that have been uncovered by plowing or other disturbance or that have remained on the surface since deposition.
3. Observation of topographic or other natural features that may or may not have been present during the period of significance.
4. Observation of land alterations subsequent to site formation that may have affected the integrity of the site.
5. Study of historical or ethnographic documents , such as maps and journals.
2. When the intervening space does not have known significant resources.
(Geographically separate sites not forming a discontiguous district may be nominated together as individual properties within a multiple property submission.)
ACREAGE OF PROPERTY
Enter the number of acres comprising the property in the blank. Acreage should be accurate to the nearest whole acre; fractions of acres to the nearest tenth should be recorded, if known. If the property is substantially smaller than one acre, "less than one acre" may be entered. Where accuracy to one acre is not practical, for example, for districts over 100 acres, a USGS acreage estimator may be used to calculate acreage.
Enter one or more Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) grid references to identify the exact location of the property. Enter only complete, unabbreviated references. Up to 26 references will be entered in the NRIS data base.
A United States Geological Survey (USGS) quadrangle map and a UTM counter are necessary tools for determining UTM reference points. The USGS map is also required documentation (see Maps in the Additional Documentation section). Refer to Appendix VIII and National Register Bulletin 28: Using the UTM Grid System to Record Historic Sites for instructions on determining the references. Many State historic preservation offices will assist applicants in completing this item.
GUIDELINES FOR ENTERING UTM REFERENCES
2. Label the vertices of the polygon numerically, beginning at the northwest corner and moving clockwise.
3. Determine the UTM reference for the point corresponding to each vertex (see Appendix VIII).
4. Enter the references numerically on the form. Use a continuation sheet for additional references.
2. Mark and label numerically points along the line that correspond to the beginning, end, and each major shift in direction. Order numbers in sequence from beginning to end.
3. Determine the UTM reference for each point.
4. Enter the references numerically on the form. Use a continuation sheet for additional references.
VERBAL BOUNDARY DESCRIPTION
Describe the boundaries of the property on one or more continuation sheets. Use one of the following forms:
The description must be accurate and precise.
GUIDELINES FOR VERBAL BOUNDARY DESCRIPTION
The eastern 20 feet of Lot 57
Beginning at a point on the east bank of the Lazy River and 60' south of the center of Maple Avenue, proceed east 150' along the rear property lines of 212-216 Maple Avenue to the west curbline of Main Street. Then proceed north 150' along the west curbline of Main Street, turning west for 50' along the rear property line of 217 Maple Avenue. Then proceed north 50' to the rear property line of 215 Maple Avenue, turning west for 100' to the east bank of the Lazy River. Then proceed south along the river bank to the point of origin.
The statue whose boundaries form a circle with a radius of 17.5 feet centered on the statue located in Oak Hill Park.
For all properties, provide a brief and concise explanation of the reasons for selecting the boundaries. The reasons should be based on the property's historic significance and integrity, and they should conform to the Guidelines for Selecting Boundaries, above.
The complexity and length of the justification depends on the nature of the property, the irregularity of the boundaries, and the methods used to determine the boundaries. For example, a city lot retaining its original property lines can be justified in a short sentence, while a paragraph may be needed where boundaries are very irregular, where large portions of historic acreage have been lost, or where a district's boundaries are ragged because of new construction. Properties with substantial acreage require more explanation than those confined to small city lots.
The boundary includes the farmhouse, outbuildings, fields, orchards, and forest that have historically been part of Meadowbrook Farm and that maintain historic integrity. That parcel of the original farm south of Highway 61 has been excluded because it has been subdivided and developed into a residential neighborhood.
Boundaries for archeological properties often call for longer justifications, referring to the kinds of methodology employed, distribution of known sites, reliability of survey-based predictions, and amount of unsurveyed acreage.
The southern boundary of the site is established by the limit of cultural materials and features and roughly corresponds to a lowering in grade. The highest artifact densities recovered during surface collection were noted at the northern and western edges of the plowed field. By extrapolation, it is likely that the site extends into the wooded areas to the north and west. The western boundary is established by the railroad cut which corresponds roughly to the original terrace edge. The northern and eastern boundaries are set by the contour line marking an abrupt fall to the wetland.
For discontiguous districts , explain in the boundary justification how the property meets the conditions for a discontiguous district and how the boundaries were selected for each area.
This section identifies the person who prepared the form and his or her affiliation. This person is responsible for the information contained in the form. The SHPO, FPO, or the National Park Service may contact this person if a question arises about the form or if additional information is needed.
In the blanks, enter the following information:
Use a continuation sheet, if more space is needed.
Use the National Register Continuation Sheet (NPS 10-900-a ) or a computer-generated form for additional entries and narrative items.
GUIDELINES FOR CONTINUATION SHEETS
2. Name of the property, county, and State in the space to the right of the page number or at the upper left below the line.
3. A heading for each item with the corresponding information.
Submit a United States Geological Survey map clearly locating the property within a city or other geographical area. Follow guidelines below.
GUIDELINES FOR GEOGRAPHICAL MAPS
2. Location of the property.
3. UTM references entered in section 10 and their corresponding points.
2. Draw a polygon encompassing the boundaries.
3. Label each vertex of the polygon by number and UTM reference as entered in section 10. Order numbers sequentially, beginning in the northwest corner and moving clockwise.
2. Label, by UTM reference and number, the points along the line that correspond to the beginning, end, and each major shift in direction (as entered in section 10). Order numbers in sequence from beginning to end.
Submit at least one detailed map or sketch map for districts and for properties containing a substantial number of sites, structures, or buildings. Plat books, insurance maps, bird's-eye views, district highway maps, and hand-drawn maps may be used. Sketch maps need not be drawn to a precise scale, unless they are also used in place of a boundary description. (See guidelines below.)
GUIDELINES FOR SKETCH MAPS
2. Names of streets, including those bordering the district.
3. Names of places, such as street addresses or parcel numbers, that correspond to the description of resources in section 7.
4. Highway numbers.
5. A north arrow (magnetic or true).
6. Approximate scale.
7. Contributing buildings, sites, structures, and objects, keyed to the photographs and sections 7 and 8 (see Guidelines for Describing Properties for instructions on providing a list in place of identifying contributing and noncontributing resources on a sketch map).
8. Noncontributing buildings, sites, structures, and objects, keyed to the photographs and sections 7 and 8.
9. Land uses and natural features covering substantial acreage or having historic significance, such as forests, fields, orchards, rivers, lakes, and harbors.
10. Number and vantage point of each accompanying photograph.
2. Location of specific significant features and artifact loci.
3. Distribution of sites in a district.
2. Alterations to a building or complex of buildings.
3. Floor plans of a significant interior.
4. Major architectural styles, periods, or building types in a historic district.
5. Composition of representative sites within an archeological district.
PHOTOGRAPHS (see also Expanded Policy for Digital Photos)
Submit clear and descriptive black and white photographs with each registration form. Photographs should give an honest visual representation of the historic integrity and significant features of the property. They should illustrate the qualities discussed in the description and statement of significance. One photograph may be adequate to document a property consisting of a single building or object, while many will be needed for districts and larger properties. One copy of each photograph is submitted to the National Register. The SHPO or FPO may require one or more additional sets of photographs.
Photographs must be:
USE OF PHOTOGRAPHIC PAPERS
Black and white papers currently available may be used . Recommended to ensure longterm durability are fiber-based papers or resin-coated papers that have been processed in trays. Resin-coated papers that have been processed automatically, however, will be accepted provided they contain no evidence of residual chemicals, fading, or yellowing. Archival printing (as required for Historic American Buildings Survey and Historic American Engineering Record documentation), the use of a hypo-clearing or neutralizing agent, thorough washing, and toning in selenium or sepia are further recommended to prolong the useful life of photographs submitted to the National Register. Photographs with borders are preferred, but not required.
The preferred way to label photographs is to print in pencil (soft lead pencils work best) on the back of the photograph. Include the following information:
1. Name of property or, for districts, the name of the building or street address followed by the name of the district.
2. County and State where the property is located.
3. Name of photographer.
4. Date of photograph.
5. Location of original negative.
6. Description of view indicating direction of camera.
7. Photograph number. (For districts, use this number to identify the vantage point on the accompanying sketch map.)
An alternative method of labelling is to use a continuation sheet. To do this, label the photographs by name of property, city and State, and photograph number (items 1, 2, and 7). List the remaining information (items 3-6) on a continuation sheet, identifying the number of each photograph and each item. Information common to all photographs, such as the photographer's name or the location of negatives, may be listed once with a statement that it applies to all photographs.
To label photographs on paper that will not accept pencil marks (including many resin-coated papers), print with a permanent audio-visual marking pen or pencil the name and location of the property and number of the photograph (items 1, 2, and 7) in the lower right of the front border. If there is no border, this information may be printed in the lower right on the back of the photograph. List additional information on a continuation sheet. Because no marking pens are archivally stable, take care to confine any marks to the edges of the print and make sure that ink does not smudge or bleed through to adjoining prints.
Photographs with adhesive labels will not be accepted , because the labels detach from the photograph and their acidity may cause the photograph to deteriorate.
USE OF NATIONAL REGISTER PHOTOGRAPHS
By allowing a photograph to be submitted to the National Park Service with a National Register form, photographers grant permission to the National Park Service to use the photograph for publication and other purposes, including duplication, display, distribution, study, publicity, and audio-visual presentations.
GUIDELINES FOR PHOTOGRAPHIC COVERAGE
The number of photographic views depends on the size and complexity of the property. Submit as many photographs as needed to depict the current condition and significant aspects of the property. Include representative views of both contributing and noncontributing resources. Prints of historic photographs may supplement documentation and may be particularly useful in describing the historic integrity of properties that have undergone many alterations or changes.
BUILDINGS, STRUCTURES, AND OBJECTS
HISTORIC AND ARCHEOLOGICAL SITES
ARCHITECTURAL AND HISTORIC DISTRICTS
In addition to the requirements described in this bulletin, SHPOs and FPOs may require additional information not requested on the National Register form. Additional items may include a duplicate set of photographs for the State files, sketch maps, footnotes, or chain of title. This information may have a variety of purposes, including documentation for State registers.
All SHPOs will need the names and addresses of all fee-simple property owners. This information is used to notify owners of the intended nomination of their property to the National Register and afterwards its listing. The SHPO or FPO may ask applicants to enter this information on the form, on continuation sheets, or in another form.
When there are any special circumstances, the SHPO or FPO will also submit the following items with the completed National Register form:
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