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 [graphic] National Register Bulletin: How to Prepare National Historic Landmark Nominations

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U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service

PDF of: How to Prepare National Historic Landmark Nominations (80MB)

[graphic] cover of bulletin

1999


Cover Photographs: Upper Left: Leap-the-Dips roller coaster, Altoona, Pennsylvania. Photograph by Tom Halterman, 1990. Upper Right: Bear Butte, Meade County, South Dakota. Primarily associated with the Cheyenne tribe, here, the agents of Maheo, the All Father, imparted to Sweet Medicine, the most revered Cheyenne prophet, the knowledge from which the tribe derived their religious, political, social, and economic customs. Because of their beliefs, this site represents more than an historical event, but is associated with their traditional culture. Photographer unknown, 1939. Lower left: General Motors Building, Detroit, Michigan, designed by Albert Kahn. Photograph courtesy of General Motors, c. 1956. Lower right: Wheeling Suspension Bridge, Wheeling, West Virginia. Completed in 1849, and rebuilt in 1859, to carry the National Road over the Ohio River, this bridge remains the oldest major long-span suspension bridge in the world. Still carrying traffic, it is one of the nation's most significant antebellum engineering structures. Photograph by HABS, NPS, unknown date.

TABLE OF CONTENTS


PREFACE & ACKNOWLEDGMENTS & INTRODUCTION

I. INTRODUCTION TO NATIONAL HISTORIC LANDMARKS

What are National Historic Landmarks?
What is the National Register of Historic Places?
What is the Purpose of this Bulletin?
How are Potential NHLs Identified?
Who Prepares NHL Nominations?
How are NHLs Designated?
What are the National Historic Landmarks Criteria?
     Figure 1. National Historic Landmarks Criteria


II. BRIEF HISTORY OF THE NHL PROGRAM

III. NHL THEME STUDIES

What are NHL Theme Studies and How are they Prepared?
     Figure 2. Guidelines for Developing Historic Context
Using the Revised Thematic Framework
Theme Studies as Multiple Property Submissions
MPS Form Section A. "Name of Multiple Property Listing"
MPS Form Section B. "Associated Historic Contexts"
MPS Form Section C. "Form Prepared By"
MPS Form Section D. "Certification"
MPS Form Section E. "Developing Statement of Historic Contexts for NHL Theme Studies"
MPS Form Section F. "Associated Properties and Registration Requirement
MPS Form Section G. "Geographical Data"
MPS Form Section H. "Summary of Identification and Evaluation Methods"
MPS Form Section I. "Major Bibliographic References" Summary


IV. HOW TO EVALUATE AND DOCUMENT NATIONAL SIGNIFICANCE FOR POTENTIAL NATIONAL HISTORIC LANDMARKS


Explanation of NHL Criteria
NHL Criterion 1.
NHL Criterion 2.
NHL Criterion 3.
NHL Criterion 4.
NHL Criterion 5.
NHL Criterion 6.
NHL Exception 1.
NHL Exception 2.
NHL Exception 3.
NHL Exception 4.
NHL Exception 5.
NHL Exception 6.
NHL Exception 7.
NHL Exception 8.
Defining a High Degree of Integrity
V. PREPARATION OF NHL NOMINATIONS
NHL Form Section 1. "Name of Property"
Historic Name
Other Names/Site Number
NHL Form Section 2. "Location"
NHL Form Section 3. "Classification"
Ownership of Property
Category of Property
Name of Multiple Property Listing
Number of Resources Within Property
Number of Contributing Resources Previously Listed in the National Register
Figure 3. National Register Property and Resource Types
Figure 4. Rules for Counting Resources
Figure 5. Guidelines for Entering Functions
NHL Form Section 4. "State/Federal Agency Certification"
NHL Form Section 5. "National Park Service Certification"
NHL Form Section 6. "Function or Use"
Historic Function
Current Function
Figure 6. Data Categories for Functions and Uses
NHL Form Section 7. "Description"
Architectural Classification
Materials
Narrative Description
Figure 7. Data Categories for Architectural Classification
Figure 8. Data Categories for Materials
Figure 9. Guidelines for Describing Properties
NHL Form Section 8." Statement of Significance"
Applicable National Register Criteria
Criteria Considerations
National Historic Landmarks Criteria
National Historic Landmarks Criteria Exceptions
National Historic Landmarks Theme(s)
Areas of Significance
Historic Context
Period of National Significance
Nationally Significant Dates
Significant Person
Cultural Affiliation
Architect/ Builder
Narrative Statement of Significance
Figure 10. Data Categories for Areas of Significance
Figure 11. Guidelines for Evaluating and Stating Significance.
NHL Form Section 9. "Major Bibliographic References"
Bibliography
Previous Documents on File (NPS)
Primary Location of Additional Data
NHL Form Section 10. "Geographical Data
Acreage of Property
UTM References
Verbal Boundary Description
Figure 12. Guidelines for Selecting Boundaries
Boundary Justification
Figure 13. Guidelines for Verbal Boundary Description
NHL Form Section 11. "Form Prepared By"
Additional Documentation
USGS Map
Sketch Map
Photographs (new photo policy update)
Slides
Property Owners and Parties of Notice


VI. NHL NOMINATIONS FROM EXISTING NATIONAL REGISTER DOCUMENTATION

NHL Form Section 2. "Location"
NHL Form Section 7. "Description"
NHL Form Section 8. "Statement of Significance"
NHL Form Section 10. "Geographical Data"
Additional Documentation
Photographs
Slides
Property Owners and Other Parties of Notice

VII. HOW NHL NOMINATIONS ARE PROCESSED


VIII. NHL BOUNDARY STUDIES, NHL DOCUMENTATION IMPROVEMENT STUDIES, AND NHL WITHDRAWAL

Boundary and Documentation Improvement Studies
Withdrawal of National Historic Landmark Designations

IX. USING NHL DOCUMENTATION

X. SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY

APPENDICES

A. The National Park Service's Thematic Framework
B. NHL Thematic Studies
C. NHL Nomination Form Sample
D. NHL Withdrawal Report
E. NPS National Historic Landmarks Program Staff
F. National Register Bulletins
G. Photo Credits


The mission of the Department of Interior is to protect and provide access to our Nation's natural and cultural heritage and honor our trust responsibilities to tribes.

This material is partially based on work conducted under a cooperative agreement with the National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers and the U.S. Department of the Interior.

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