|Mount Rushmore National Memorial Historic District is nationally significant under National Register Criteria A, B, C, and D as a designed historic landscape that dramatically focuses attention one of America's and greatest and most enduring monuments the Shrine of Democracy sculpture. The work represents -American cultural values between 1927 and 1941. - The massive sculpture of four United States presidents, carved from the resilient granite of Mount Rushmore in South Dakota's Black Hills quickly achieved international renown as it emerged during the 1930s, and is a work of art that has become a beloved American icon. In fact, few places in the United States are more closely associated with American concepts of freedom and democracy than Mount Rushmore. The Shrine of Democracy reflects a tumultuous era in American history. First conceived during a period of economic prosperity and national pride, work on the sculpture spanned years of devastating financial decline during the Great Depression, and the darkening clouds of war in Europe. Federal support allowed for the completion of the Memorial, further supporting the artist's message of American strength. The Shrine of Democracy sculpture is also significant as the most recognized work of master artist Gutzon Borglum. The sculpture is an accomplished creation imbued with Borglum's personal belief in the superiority of American art and his nationalistic outlook. Borglum was highly influential in the site selection and content of the Memorial, including the idea of presenting a heroic statement recognizing America's influence and power, monumentality, patriotism, and self-determinism.