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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.

 

Property Name Fulton County Almshouse
Reference Number 13001169
State Georgia
County Fulton
Town Atlanta
Street Address 215 West Wieuca Road NW
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 2/8/2014
Areas of Significance ARCHITECTURE, SOCIAL HISTORY OTHER: Women's History
Link to full file http://www.nps.gov/nr/feature/places/pdfs/13001169.pdf
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The Fulton County Almshouse is significant at the local level under Criterion A in the areas of social history and women's history and under Criterion C in the area of architecture. The almshouse (also called Haven Home after 1932) was part of the county's early efforts to provide institutional care for elderly and indigent residents. After acquiring 1,000 acres for this purpose, Fulton County built two new almshouses in 1911. The nominated building was for white residents and another nearby facility was for African Americans. Initially constructed to house 145 women and men, the almshouse operated until 1963 with a population varying between approximately 45 and 200. The building is significant in the area of architecture as an excellent example of the use of the Neoclassical Revival style in an institutional building, and also for its design by the prominent Georgia firm of Morgan and Dillon. After rehabilitation for a new function by The Galloway School, the well-preserved building still retains its historic appearance and workmanship. The building is significant in the area of social history for its important role in caring for its impoverished and elderly residents who often had no other place to live. This is one of only two known extant examples of former almshouses in Fulton County. It is also significant in women's history for the contributions of the superintendent Jessie Early Clark Boynton (1902-1980) who ran the facility from 1932 to 1963. Her achievements included instituting recreational programs for the elderly, supervising the women prisoners who did domestic work at the lmshouse, pioneering efforts at prison reform, and leading a large institution at a time when women were rarely given positions of authority in Fulton County government.

 

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria