|The E. F. Swinney School is locally significant under Criterion C for the area of ARCHITECTURE. It is a rare surviving example of the Open Air sub-type of the Early Twentieth Century/Progressive Era School, as defined in the Multiple Property Documentation Form Historic Resources of the Kansas City Missouri School District Pre-1970. In addition to retaining excellent integrity of the features and finishes that characterize it as an early twentieth century school building, Swinney School retains the distinct features of an Open Air school, specifically the modified pergola that covered the Open Air classroom at the center of the front facade. Swinney School, designed and built in 1914, clearly conveys its historic educational function and the period in which it was constructed. The surviving pergola structure , altered in 1927, continues to convey unique characteristics of the Open Air classroom philosophy and is the only example of this design extant in the Kansas City School District. The period of significance is 1914, the date of construction of the east wing and center block, and 1927, the date of construction of the west wing and the conversion of the Open Air classroom to an enclosed and expanded Fresh Air classroom.