|The Walnut Grove Cemetery, located approximately 15 miles east ofBatesville on Walden Road, just off Arkansas Highway 25 in northeast Independence County, is being nominated to the National Register of Historic Places under Criterion A, Criteria Consideration D, for its significance as a remnant ofthe mid-19th century development period oflndependence County and as the only resource remaining of the community of Walnut Grove. Historically, the cemetery was located on the Old Military Road (Southwest Trail). Until about 1875, most ofthe burials there were of persons related to each other by blood or by marriage. Those families were Hogan, Churchill, Moore, Walden, and Jernigan. Later known burials included Black River Township neighbors and friends of the earliest settlers. The families buried in the Walnut Grove Cemetery site were eyewitnesses to a century of American history, spanning the period from just after Arkansas statehood up until modem times.