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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.

 

Property Name Strathmore Apartments
Reference Number 13000754
State California
County Los Angeles
Town Los Angeles
Street Address 11005- 11013 1/3 Strathmore Drive
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 9/25/2013
Areas of Significance ARCHITECTURE
Link to full file http://www.nps.gov/history/nr/feature/places/pdfs/13000754.pdf
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Completed in 1937, the property's period of significance, the Strathmore Apartments is eligible for individual listing in the National Register of Historic Places at the state level of significance as one of California's highest quality examples of a courtyard garden apartment complex designed in the International Style executed at an exceptional level of artistry. Internationally renowned, it is also the sole example of Modernist architect Richard Neutra 's synthesis of two building types, the single-family house and the apartment, in a setting in which landscape occupies almost half ofthe site. Comprising eight units in four buildings in Westwood, Los Angeles, the hillside complex embodies Neutra's spirited resolution of a diversity of urgent issues in the 1930s, including the Depression, a rapid population growth in Los Angeles, and the Garden City Movement's call for nature in urban centers. Its relaxed but tautly composed ambience also reflects an integration of the European-rooted architectural language known as the International Style in a way only possible given Southern California's unique topography, climate, and life style. The Apartments also flawlessly embody four key Neutra principles: first, that landscape and greenery were not luxuries but necessities; second, that the size of dwelling unit did not dictate the quality of life; third, that whatever the socioeconomic strata everyone deserved excellent design; and four, that his architecture could accommodate the specific needs of an individual by exploiting a varied generic vocabulary. Conceived and built as one design around a central sloping landscaped core, each unit shares the same repertoire of features characteristic of Neutra's 1930s work, yet each is distinct, creating a dynamic but harmonious composition . As an illustration in designing small without compromising gracious urban living, the Strathmore Apartments offers a prescient model for contemporary land use concerns. Finally, the Strathmore's special elan ensured its popularity with some of twentieth century's major cultural figures such as Charles and Ray Eames , supporting the primary arguments for the project's excellence as a work of architecture. As an outstanding example of the International Style applied to conditions unique to Southern alifornia of the 1930s; as a seminal demonstration of Neutra's mastery of architecture evident through his home, California; and retaining an exceptional degree of integrity, the Strathmore Apartments meets National Register of Historic Places Criterion C, Architecture. It is eligible for individual listing in the National Register of Historic Places at the state level of significance.

 

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