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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.

 

Property Name FAIRFIELD BUILDING
Reference Number 13000729
State Louisiana
County Caddo Parish
Town Shreveport
Street Address 1600-1612 FAIRFIELD AVENUE
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 9/17/2013
Areas of Significance ARCHITECTURE
Link to full file http://www.nps.gov/nr/feature/places/pdfs/13000729.pdf
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Constructed in 1948-1949, the Fairfield Building is an almost perfect example of the early International Style. As illustrated by the Fairfield Building, the early International Style is horizontal and comparatively low: It has flat roofs, metal windows set flush with the outer wall , unornamented wall surfaces with no decorative details at the windows, cantilevered canopies and asymmetrical facades . The most notable and characteristic feature of this design is the long ribbons of plate-glass windows which wrap around the corners . Typically the walls are not used for structural support. The exterior walls are glass and brick curtains hung on the steel frame and the interior walls are mere partitions, which allow a flexible room layout. Freeing the exterior walls from structural demands allowed this treatment-not feasible earlier-of the fac;:ade . Brick is less commonly used than stucco, but here it is pale tan (now painted white) and finely laid and so gives the feel of the favored smooth wall surface. Also typical are the cantilevered porticoes of both the main entrances and the side and rear exits. Where there is no need for windows, the walls are left blank.

 

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria