|The Santa Fe Trail- Rice County Segment 1 is eligible for the National Register under Criterion A as a reflection of historically-significant trail traffic and meets the criterion within the areas of commerce, transportation, and military. This segment is also eligible under Criterion D for its potential to yield important information related to the stretch of trail between the Little Arkansas Crossings and Fort Zarah. The site retains integrity of location, setting, feeling, and association require for registration. This site represents the trail's importance in terms of international and national commerce and transportation in the 19th century, as well as the military traffic that traversed this portion of the trail. The period of significance begins with the initiation of trail traffic by William Becknell in 1821 and ends with the arrival of the Union Pacific Eastern Division Railroad in Junction City in 1866, which virtually spelled the end of trail traffic east of Great Bend.