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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.

 

Property Name Lyons Veterans Administration Hospital Historic District
Reference Number 13000461
State New Jersey
County Somerset
Town Bernards Township
Street Address 151 Knollcroft Road, Lyons
Multiple Property Submission Name United States Second Generation Veterans Hospitals
Status Listed 7/3/2013
Areas of Significance Politics/Government, Health/Medicine, Architecture
Link to full file http://www.nps.gov/nr/feature/places/pdfs/13000461.pdf
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The Lyons VA Hospital Historic District is significant as an excellent example of a Period II neuropsychiatric Second Generation Veterans Hospital because it retains the majority of characteristics associated with this veterans hospital sub-type. The hospital is eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) under Criterion A at the state level of significance in the areas of Politics and Government because of its impact on the local community and veterans throughout the state of New Jersey and surrounding areas. It is eligible under Criterion A in the areas of Health and Medicine at the state level of significance because of the physical evidence the hospital provides concerning health care offered to veterans, primarily those of World War I and World War II. The Lyons VA Hospital is also eligible under Criterion C in the area of Architecture at the state level of significance because it is an intact example of a Period II Second Generation Veterans Hospital incorporating elements of the Colonial Revival and Classical Revival architectural styles that were nationally popular following World War I and continuing beyond the Second World War. The use of porticos, quoins, pilasters, balustrades, pedimented gables, dentil cornice lines, and cornice retl.lrnS reflects the influence of these styles. The Lyons VA Hospital Historic District is also significant for its mon\,Jmental buildings that serve as focal points for the historic district. The hospital also exhibits standardized designs that were incorporated into the campuses of Period II neuropsychiatric Second Generation Veterans Hospitals. Construction began on the Lyons VA Hospital in June 1929. The facility opened to patients in November 1930, with thirty-eight buildings completed by 1931. Additional buildings and structures continued to be constructed within the historic district throughout the twentieth century, including a second building boom in the 1940s. The Lyons VA Hospital was designated a neuropsychiatric hospital serving veterans of New Jersey and surrounding states. The historic district continues to retain characteristics of this S!Jb-type of Second Generation Veterans Hospital. The use of a nationally popular architectural style creates a cohesive design for the historic district. The use of revivalist architecture, especially with respect to the monumental main building, reflects the importance of the VA and its mission to provide medical care to the nation's veterans. Revivalist architecture, such as the Colonial Revival and Classical Revival styles, was utilized for many federal buildings constructed in the first half of the twentieth century to exhibit patriotism through the use of stylistiq elements associated with the early history of the United States and to reflect the permanence of the institutions contained within the buildings. The period of significance and assessment of contributing and noncontributing resources for this nomination are based on the historic district's significance within the historic contexts developed in the United States Second Generation Veterans Hospitals Multiple Property Documentation Form (MPDF). Resources constructed after 1950, and thus considered noncontributing within this nomination, may possess significance under themes not fully developed as part of the MPDF. Resources located within the medical center campus may be eligible or contributing for other associations or contexts under National Register Criteria A-D, or recent buildings/structures may be eligible under Criteria Consideration G, for resources of exceptional importance that are less than 50 years of age.

 

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria