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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.

 

Property Name Mineola Downtown Historic District
Reference Number 13000288
State Texas
County Wood
Town Mineola
Street Address Roughly bounded by one half block west of Line Street, Kilpatrick Street, one half block east of Newsom Street, and Commerce Street, and the Mineola Railroad Depot on East Front Street., Mineola, TX
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 4/16/2013
Areas of Significance Community Planning and Development, Commerce, Architecture
Link to full file http://www.nps.gov/nr/feature/places/pdfs/13000288.pdf
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Mineola, Texas, was established in 1873 with the coming of the Texas and Pacific Railway (T &P) and the International-Great Northern Railroad (I-GN), and its townsite layout and subsequent developmental pattern were strongly influenced by the alignment of the railroad tracks. Mineola's downtown area has traditionally served as the city's commercial and civic focal point, as well as the commercial center of southwestern Wood County and neighboring areas of Smith and VanZandt Counties. Even following the construction of shopping centers on the edge of the city from the 1960s to the present, downtown Mineola has continued to enjoy strong commercial and retail activity. The Mineola Downtown Historic District contains commercial and civic buildings ranging from one to three stories in height, as well as brick streets and free-standing commercial signage. Properties in the district date from between c.1885 to c.1980, with most dating from the early twentieth century. Brick is the dominant exterior material within the district, with most buildings having commercial storefronts of cast iron, wood, or aluminum-enframed glass. A few buildings have notable influences oflate-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century architectural styles, including Italianate, Classical Revival, Beaux Arts, and Art Moderne. The district contains a cohesive collection of commercial and civic properties with few non-historic intrusions. The district's resources generally retain their salient physical features and the district retains its overall historic character, with sufficient integrity to convey the district's historical and architectural significance. The Mineola Downtown Historic District is nominated under Criterion A at the local level in the areas of Commerce and Community Planning and Development, and under National Register Criterion C at the local level in the area of Architecture, with a period of significance extends from 1888, the date of the oldest extant building, to 1963.

 

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria