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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.

 

Property Name Church of the Messiah
Reference Number 13000005
State St. Louis
County St. Louis
Town St. Louis
Street Address 5261 Enright Avenue, Saint Louis, MO
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 02/02/2013
Areas of Significance ARCHITECTURE, ART
Link to full file http://www.nps.gov/nr/feature/places/pdfs/13000005.pdf
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The Church of the Messiah [Unitarian], 5261 Enright, St. Louis, Missouri, is listed as a contributing resource in the Mount Cabanne/Raymond Place Historic District (NR 9/13/2002) but is also individually eligible under CRITERION C, and is locally significant in the areas of ARCHITECTURE and ART. Constructed in 1907 to designs of John Lawrence Mauran, the small Gothic Revival style church is one of St. Louis's outstanding examples of a church design that achieves architectural excellence on a modest budget, and one that is distinctly set apart from other churches in St. Louis by an extraordinary group of stained glass memorial windows manufactured in 1879 by the London studio of designer Daniel Cottier (1838-1891), an internationally renowned artist. In 1906, these windows were removed from the Unitarians' former church building (erected 1879-80; demolished, 1987) and reinstalled as the principal architectural embellishment in Mauran's new church where the architect created an architectural setting, blending Gothic motifs and Arts & Crafts sensitivity to materials, as a foil for displaying the sumptuous color harmonies and forms exhibited in the Cottier windows. The Church of the Messiah windows are the only glass by Cottier found in the Midwest, and are a unique example - in St. Louis of a historic church building with a near-complete program of glazing that was removed from an older building for reuse in a new design. The period of significance is 1907, the date of construction.

 

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria