|Rutherfurd Hall is one of the last surviving large country estates in New Jersey dating from the turn of the 19th to 20th centuries. As such, it represents a prime example of the country life movement that swept the nation following the Civil War, when wealthy Americans began to construct large houses on the most attractive and exclusive properties near major cities and in resort enclaves. The house was built for the family of Winthrop Chanler Rutherfurd (1862-1944), a scion of one of New York's wealthiest and most influential clans. Rutherfurd' s ancestors included New Jersey's first Senator, John Rutherfurd (1760-1840), and members of the Livingston, Alexander, Morris, Stuyvesant, and Chanler clans-all significant landowners in New York, New Jersey and Connecticut. Winthrop married Alice Morton, daughter of Vice-President Levi P. Morton, in 1902, a match that prompted him to build a new country house near his family's ancestral estate, Tranquility Farms, in Allamuchy, New Jersey. His second wife, Lucy Mercer Rutherfurd, was the social secretary to Eleanor Roosevelt and a onetime mistress of Franklin Delano Roosevelt. The family contributed to the development of the area around Allamuchy for 300 years. Thus the property qualifies under Criterion A.