• Fa'asamoa

    National Park of American Samoa

    American Samoa


Vatia Village.
View from Vatia village.

The Samoa Archipelago is a chain of nine inhabited Pacific islands located 14º south of the equator. It is divided into two political entities, American Samoa and the neighboring independent country of (Western) Samoa.

American Samoa, the only U.S. Territory south of the equator, consists of five rugged, highly eroded volcanic islands, and two coral atolls. The five volcanic islands are Tutuila, Aunu'u, Ofu, Olosega, and Ta'u, and the two remote atolls are Rose and Swains islands. The total land area is 76.1 square miles.

American Samoa's population is about 70,000, with most of the people on Tutuila. Tuna fishing and canning are the only industries.

Did You Know?

Underwater close up of a green sea turtle swimming

In Samoan folklore, sea turtles were believed to have the power to save fishermen lost at sea by bringing them safely to shore. The Samoan word for sea turtle, “I'a sa,” translates literally to “sacred fish,” presumably because of this ability. Sadly, sea turtles here are now endangered.