• View from Sourdough Mountain Overlook  A view looking down onto Diablo Lake. Photo Credit: NPS/Michael Silverman, 2010.

    North Cascades

    National Park Washington

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  • Cascade River Road will be open as normal through fall/winter 2014

    Cascade River Rd. will be open in 2014 until snow conditions make it impassable to vehicles, as normal. The road closure that was planned to begin September 8 has been postponed beyond 2014 due to unforeseen circumstances. More »

  • Lone Mountain Fire - National Park Service Trail Closures

    The Lone Mountain Fire in North Cascades National Park is approximately 5 mi NW of Stehekin in the Boulder Creek drainage. Boulder Creek Trail is closed. More »

  • Re-opening of Adjacent U.S. Forest Service Road and Trails that Access North Cascades NP Complex

    The area closure of the Twisp River Road and the Lake Chelan-Sawtooth Wilderness in the Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest due to wildfires has been lifted as of August 19, 2014. More »

Recent Trends in Glacial Volume

Late-season snow and cool spring and summer temperatures can help glaciers build small increases in mass balance (volume) like they did in 2011. The past water year (October 1, 2010 - September 30, 2011) was the third largest winter accumulation observed since 1993, while the summer melt was below average. Both 1997 and 1999 had higher amounts of accumulation. Combined, the heavy winter snow accumulation and slower melt halted eight consecutive years of negative mass balance readings between 2003-2010 for three of four glaciers. The overall trend in the last 19 years has been a rapid decrease in volume of glaciers, as shown by the cumulative net mass balance charts.

Results from the first two years of monitoring (1993-1994) witnessed negative net mass balances of all five glaciers. Water year 1995 marked a change evident by the positive mass balance of the east-side Silver and Sandalee glaciers. This was unexpected, since we had anticipated that glaciers on the west slope of the range would be the first to show a positive year because they receive more snowfall. In reality, the east side glaciers receive a more consistent amount of snowfall and are better at conserving it due to their relatively high elevations and the fact that most are well shaded on the north sides of mountains. The years 1996 and 1997 were positive for all of the glaciers, and may have been the first consecutive years of positive balance since 1975-1976. Therefore, the two-year positive gain in 1996-1997 was by no means a long-term trend, as was confirmed by the return of negative net annual balances in 1998, 2001 and 2003-2010.
Monitoring of glaciers in such different settings has shown that each has a unique relationship to climate, but at the same time are all responding to warming climate.

Figures 15 and 16 are a summary of available data for all four glaciers and South Cascade Glacier for the past 19 years. The vertical axis is in meters of water equivalent (m.w.e.).

 
Net balance 1993 to 2011
Figure 15 - Net Balance Comparisons: All Glaciers
 
GMB-Figure-16-thumb
Figure 16 - Cumulative Balance of NOCA Glaciers

Did You Know?

Did You Know?

Stephen Mather Wilderness comprises 93% of the North Cascades National Park Service Complex. About 400 miles of trail provide access to this rugged Wilderness.