Lesson Plan

A Siege Becomes a Battle

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Grade Level:
Eighth Grade-Twelfth Grade
Subject:
Revolutionary War, Social Studies
Group Size:
Up to 36
Setting:
classroom
National/State Standards:
South Carolina
8-2.5; 11-1.2
Keywords:
Ninety Six, Star Fort, Nathanael Greene, Lord Rawdon, Thaddeus Kosciusko, siege

Overview

This lesson uses multiple short excerpts that discuss the sequence of events leading to Greene’s attack and eventual repulse at the Star Fort. Students will use chronological thinking to construct a deeper understanding of the siege and attack on Star Fort.

Objective(s)

1. Students will develop a fuller understanding of the events surrounding the siege and attack on Star Fort.

2. Students will build chronological thinking skills through sequencing events.

3. Students will use analysis of written information to reach historical conclusions.

Background

The fort at Ninety Six was originally built to protect settlers from Indian attacks in the mid-18th century and later served as a strategic post during the southern campaign of the American Revolution. The town and fort were captured by the British during their 1780 campaign in South Carolina. The village became an important outpost for British control of the South Carolina interior and Georgia frontier during the southern campaigns. Patriot leaders saw the capture of the village and fort as necessary to liberate the South Carolina interior from British control. The fort underwent a nearly month-long siege in mid-1781 by Patriot forces under General Nathanael Greene.

Materials

The materials for this lesson provide the components necessary to complete the lesson activities. The materials include numerous excerpts about the siege and assault on Ninety Six and a graphic organizer that help students think chronologically.

Procedure

Assessment

1. The type of student responses to the questions and tasks in the lesson and the questions that they pose to the teacher during the lesson.

2. The quality of discussion about the various excerpts used in the lesson.

3. The amount of interaction and quality responses in Steps 4 and 5 where students practice chronological thinking in pairs and have to synthesize what led to Greene’s unsuccessful assault on Star Fort.

Park Connections

The village of Ninety Six and the Star Fort were crucial to British control of the South Carolina interior.

This lesson plan addresses Greene’s decision to lay siege to the fort to retake the surrounding area.

The centerpiece of the park is the Star Fort which provides an incredible opportunity to extend the lesson with a visit to the park.

Extensions

After the lesson, the teacher could plan a field trip to Ninety Six National Historic Site where a teacher-led or Ranger-led tour of the park, including Star Fort, stockade, and 18th century house, would develop a visual and physical understanding of the circumstances surrounding Greene's assault on the imposing Star Fort.

Additional Resources

·        http://www.nps.gov/nisi/historyculture/the-star-fort.htm

http://www.nps.gov/nisi/historyculture/people.htm

Vocabulary

Parallel

Sally – as in “sally forth”

Militia

Continentals

Redoubt

Partisans

Parapet

Siege