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INVENTORY OF PLANT SPECIES
OF SPECIAL CONCERN
AT
GETTYSBURG NATIONAL MILITARY PARK
AND
EISENHOWER NATIONAL HISTORIC SITE

Technical Report NPS/NER/NRTR--2006/042

John Kunsman

Pennsylvania Natural Heritage Program
Pennsylvania Science Office of The Nature Conservancy
208 Airport Drive Middletown, PA 17057

June 2006

U.S. Department of the Interior
National Park Service
Northeast Region
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
_________________________________

Executive Summary

Field surveys were conducted in 2004 and 2005 to document the presence of federally-listed and state-listed plant species of special concern in Gettysburg National Military Park and Eisenhower National Historic Site. The surveys attempted to confirm the presence of species of special concern that had been documented in previous years as well as to discover the presence of species of special concern that had not been previously documented.

Eleven state-listed species of special concern – Kalm’s brome grass (Bromus kalmii), yellow lady’s-slipper (Cypripedium pubescens), hoary frostweed (Helianthemum bicknellii), grass-leaved rush (Juncus biflorus), short-fruited rush (Juncus brachycarpus), Heller’s panic grass (Panicum oligosanthes), smooth beardtongue (Penstemon laevigatus), Missouri gooseberry (Ribes missouriense), pencilflower (Stylosanthes biflora), cranefly orchid (Tipularia discolor), and horse-gentian (Triosteum angustifolium) – had been documented in Gettysburg National Military Park and Eisenhower National Historic Site during various surveys prior to 2004, and all of these species, except for the cranefly orchid, were confirmed as still being present during the field surveys in 2004 and 2005.

Ten state-listed species of special concern – puttyroot (Aplectrum hyemale), brown sedge (Carex buxbaumii), Short’s sedge (Carex shortiana), rigid sedge (Carex tetanica), hoary puccoon (Lithospermum canescens), downy phlox (Phlox pilosa), lion’s-foot (Prenanthes serpentaria), Shumard’s oak (Quercus shumardii), low spearwort (Ranunculus pusillus), and eastern coneflower (Rudbeckia fulgida) – were documented for the first time in Gettysburg National Military Park and Eisenhower National Historic Site during the field surveys in 2004 and 2005.

Keywords: plant species of special concern, Gettysburg National Military Park, Eisenhower National Historic Site

____________________________

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pdf file 1
Body of the Report

pdf file 2
Species of Special Concern
--puttyroot through yellow lady's slipper

pdf file 3
--hoary frostweed through Heller's panic grass

pdf file 4
--smooth beardtongue through low spearwort

pdf file 5
--Missouri gooseberry through
Literature Cited

pdf file 6
Appendices