• Nez Perce National Historical Park. Front Page banner photograph is of Heart of the Monster, an ancient place where the Nez Perce creation story originates. The secondary page photograph is of Nez Perce beadwork.

    Nez Perce

    National Historical Park ID,MT,OR,WA

Soils

rocks near Clearwater River, Idaho

Rocks and sand are regularly deposited along stream and river channels at sites such as Spalding, Buffalo Eddy, and Heart of the Monster.

NPS Photo

In the eastern Washington and western Idaho areas of the Palouse Grassland, these prairies are windblown loess (sediment formed by the accumulation of wind-blown silt and lesser and variable amounts of sand and clay.)soil deposited on basalt tablelands. The soils of the Missouri Basin sites, Bear Paw Battlefield, and Canyon Creek are dominated by calcification with large deposits of calcium carbonate.

Many of the soils in the sagebrush steppe areas consist of alluvial deposits in stream floodplains and windblown sand and loess.

 
Soil monitoring at Weippe Prairie site, Idaho

Soil scientists from the University of Idaho are currently conducting research at the Weippe Prairie site in Idaho.

NPS Photo

Conifer and alpine meadow soils are relatively shallow, having been formed from a variety of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks. The shallowness of the soils does not play a major role in determining forest distribution. Additional soils have been deposited on the foothills from loess and volcanic ash.

In the fall of 2008, six locations at the Weippe Prairie site were selected for sampling and monitoring. Locations were chosen to represent the range in soil drainage and camas density observed across the site. Analyses completed to date include: bulk density; % sand, silt, clay; pH; organic carbon, nitrogen; exchangeable bases; cation exchange capacity; and base saturation.

Did You Know?