• Nez Perce National Historical Park. Front Page banner photograph is of Heart of the Monster, an ancient place where the Nez Perce creation story originates. The secondary page photograph is of Nez Perce beadwork.

    Nez Perce

    National Historical Park ID,MT,OR,WA

Tolo Lake

Tolo Lake, near Grangeville, Idaho.

Tolo Lake is a natural pond close to Grangeville, Idaho. Historically it was a traditional gathering place for Nez Perce.

NPS Image.

Tolo Lake, a shallow lake covering about 35 acres, is the largest natural water body on the Camas Prairie. The Nez Perce name for Tolo Lake is Tepahlewam or Split Rocks. The lake is an ancient rendezvous site the Nez Perce used for gathering camas root and for meeting with neighboring bands.

Forced from their homes in Wallowa Valley in northwestern Oregon, several bands gathered here on June 2, 1877, in preparation for moving to the Nez Perce reservation. Angered by the forced move, several young warriors decided to take revenge on some settlers who had killed some of their relatives. As a result of this action and a second raid two days later, the 1877 Nez Perce War began.

The lake also has roots that go back to the last ice age. Significant remains of a Pleistocene mammoth and prehistoric bison were excavated from the lake in 1994.

For more information on visiting Tolo Lake, feel free to print out a brochure on this small but significant lake.

Did You Know?

In June 2005, this buffalo hide tipi was put up for the first time in fifty years.

In the museum collection of Nez Perce National Historical Park is a magnificent buffalo hide tipi made of eighteen separate hides. This tipi is one of only a few that are know to survive from the mid-nineteenth century. It was donated by the Lawyer family.