Nez Perce National Historical Park
The courthouse stands as a reminder of the gold rush that swept through this region. The namesake of the Pierce Courthouse, Elias Davidson Pierce, discovered gold in the creeks above Orofino, triggering a series of events that would have lasting consequences for the Nez Perce.
Mining was not allowed on reservation land, but Pierce did gain access to reservation land with the help of some sympathetic Nez Perce. His discoveries along the north fork of the Clearwater River would trigger a gold rush into the drainages along this tributary of the
Quarrels with miners and an inability to control the influx of miners led to new treaty negotiations, resulting in the Treaty of 1863. Many Nez Perce did not participate in these negotiations and they lost their land including the bands that lived in northeastern Oregon and southeastern Washington.
Did You Know?
Josiah Red Wolf was five years old when the 1877 war began. His parents were killed at the Battle of Big Hole in Montana. He returned to Big Hole at the age of 91 to help dedicate the new visitor center in 1968.