Courtesy of Chester County Historical Society, West Chester, PA
Courtesy of the New Bedford Public Library
Hetty GreenHenrietta (Hetty) Howland Robinson Green was born Henrietta Howland Robinson on November 21, 1834 and died, on July 13, 1916 with an estimated fortune, in today's dollars, worth $17,000,000,000. She was recognized as the richest woman in the world at that time, also known as "the Witch of Wall Street", and in her own right a financial genius in the areas of real estate, railroads and money lending.
Courtesy of Rotch-Jones-Duff House and Garden Museum
William Rotch Jr.
Lewis Temple was born in Richmond, Virginia, but whether he was enslaved or free at birth is not known. After his arrival in New Bedford in 1829 he began working as a blacksmith. In his Walnut Street shop in 1848, Temple invented what is now known as the Temple toggle iron. Earlier "irons," or harpoons, once sunk into a whale's flesh, often worked themselves loose in the fury of the fight, but the Temple toggle iron had a pivoting head so that the point would turn once the harpoon struck and embed itself more securely. This tool revolutionized the whaling industry in the nineteenth century. More
Did You Know?
By the 1840s, black sailors constituted about one-sixth of the labor force; and by 1900, West Indians, Azoreans, and Cape Verdeans had become a majority.