Enduring Understanding: Governments are organized to provide public services.
Essential Question: What is the role of the National Park Service?
The students will be able to:
1) learn that the Natchez Trace Parkway is a unit of the National Park Service
2) the National Park Service is part of the Executive Branch of the US Government created to preserve and protect areas important to our national heritage
3) There are sixteen different categories or types of National Park Service units
4) There are National Scenic Trails within the Natchez Trace Parkway.
The National Park Service, "which purpose is to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and the wildlife therein and to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations." is under the administration of the Department of the Interior. One unit of the National Park Service is The Natchez Trace Parkway which is a 444 mile long scenic by with 5 National Scenic Trails within its boundaries. Legislation to enable the Natchez Trace Parkway passed congress on May 18, 1938. Being part of the federal government, the Natchez Trace Parkway is "owned" by the people of the United States of America. The purpose of the Natchez Trace Parkway is to preserve and protect for the people of the United States of America, areas associated with an ancient Native American pathway which evolved to be a significant roadway in our country's early development.
See attached background information in Materials.
1.) Teacher Background (2 pages)
2.) Organizational Tree Sheet
3.) NPS Worksheet
4.) NPS Worskheet Answer Key
5.) NPS Unit Categories Sheet (2 pages)
6.) Page for Picture Order
7.) Park Category Pictures and Descriptions (32 pages)
2 pages explaining the background information for the lesson. Download
Shows how the Natchez Trace and Scenic Trails fit in with the U.S. Government Download
To be filled out by each student. Download
Answers to the NPS Worksheet, for the teacher. Download
2 pages that describe the different types of areas that are under the National Park Service, to be given to each group. Download
Blank page to keep pictures in order. Download
Shows an example of each area category that falls under the National Park Service. Download
1.) Explain to the students the background of the National Park Service and that there are 16 different types of places administered by the NPS.
2.) Be sure to emphasize that icons that represent the culture of our country, and what is important to that culture are preserved and protected for the enjoyment of everyone in the world.
3.) Divide the students into groups so that they can review and informally report on one or more (depending on the number of groups) of the 16 different National Park Service categories.
4.) Give each group one or more pictures.
1.) Look at the picture and the associated description of the National Park Service category. Prepare an informal presentation about your NPS unit.
2.) Decide how to describe the NPS category.
3.) Explain why your type of NPS unit fits into its category.
4.) How it may be different from another category. Use the NPS Category handout to learn the differences.
5.) After the presentation, complete the worksheet.
Teacher Closure: Ask the students:
1) Describe the purpose of the NPS. (to preserve and protect important historic and natural sites so that both we and following generations may enjoy those sites.)
2) Who administers the NPS? (Department of the Interior, in the executive branch of the US Government)
3) How is the Natchez Trace Parkway is associated with National Scenic Trails? (There are five National Scenic Trails within the boundaries of the Natchez Trace Parkway)
1) Visit the Natchez Trace Parkway. Explore the National Park Service website at www.nps.gov.
2) Have the students design their own national park unit.
3) Have the students research a national park unit to report
a. What is the park's name?
b. What are park's main features or resources?
c. What are three things that make the park special?
d. What makes this park so special that it should be preserved and protected for future generations?
e. In what city and state is the park located?
f. On what date was the park established?
g. How many people visit the park each year?
4) Show segments of PBS series: Ken Burns-The National Parks: America's Best Idea