• A curve along the Natchez Trace Parkway with fall colors

    Natchez Trace

    Parkway AL,MS,TN

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  • Short Construction Delays Possible Near Tupelo, MS (milepost 264.4)

    Repairs on a bridge will require one-lane closures of the Parkway for about 1/4 mile near Tupelo. Work is expected to be completed in fall of 2014. Please use caution due to construction traffic around the work area. More »

  • Portion of National Scenic Trail Near Tupelo Closed to Hikers

    Part of the Natchez Trace National Scenic Trail (NOT the Parkway) near Tupelo, MS, has been closed until 2015 due to construction under Tupelo's Major Thoroughfare Construction Project. Parkway travelers may expect delays, but no detours are expected. More »

Chickasaw

Map showing the Natchez Trace running through Chickasaw and Choctaw lands.

Before the United States expanded beyond the Mississippi River, the land that would become Mississippi, Alabama, and Tennessee was known as the Southwest.  This map shows the Old Natchez Trace passing through Choctaw and Chickasaw lands.

NPS Image

The historic homeland of the Chickasaw is found in north Mississippi and western Tennessee. Though a smaller tribe than the Choctaw, the Chickasaw were known as fierce warriors and still consider themselves as "unconquered and unconquerable." Perhaps the most important Chickasaw military victories came in the spring of 1736 when they defeated the French, Choctaw, and warriors from other tribes at the Battles of Ogoula Tchetoka and Ackia, near present day Pontotoc and Tupelo, Mississippi, near Milepost 262. After the American Revolution ended in 1783, westward expansion of the United States led to a series of land cession treaties for the Chickasaw. In 1832, the Treaty of Pontotoc Creek resulted in the forced removal of the Chickasaw to lands west of the Mississippi River, to the present state of Oklahoma. Today, the Chickasaw Nation continues to be strong and resolute in preserving its historical connection with north Mississippi and the Natchez Trace Parkway.
 
1822 map of Mississippi that shows a few young counties, the Choctaw and Chickasaw lands, and the Natchez Trace.
In this 1822 map of Mississippi, the Choctaw and Chickasaw lands are being replaced by new counties.  The large yellow area shows the Choctaw holdings and the large light blue area in the northeast shows the Chickasaw land.  A close inspection shows a faint line, indicated by red arrows, that is the Natchez Trace.
Miss. Historical Society

Did You Know?

Emerald Mound, Mississippi

Emerald Mound is the largest Mississippian Period ceremonial mound along the Natchez Trace Parkway, and covers nearly eight acres.