- Grade Level:
- Fourth Grade-Eighth Grade
- 2 or more class periods, or 1 class period and home assignments
- Group Size:
- Up to 36
- National/State Standards:
- History: 1, 3, 4, 5)
- human migration, Kaintucks, pioneers, pioneer trails, game, Survival
OverviewExplain to students that they will be developing and then playing their very own classroom size game. They will be learning about the hazards encountered by people traveling the Natchez Trace during the 1800’s. This is an excellent fun review of a study of the old-southwest Mississippi territory history in 1700-1800, especially concerning the Natchez Trace Parkway.
Enduring Understanding: Human migrants faced many obstacles, hardships and challenges, some of which we may also face today.
Essential Question: What hazards did travelers of the Trace encounter?
This lesson will review the history and location of the Natchez Trace.
The students will be able to:
1) understand the hazards of travel and survival during the 19th century
2) understand the historic significance of the Natchez Trace Parkway
3) (measurement option) measure distances along the Natchez Trace
BackgroundExplain to the students that it took much longer for early visitors to the Natchez Trace (animals, American Indians, boatmen, etc.) to travel from Natchez to Nashville. Along the way they encountered many hazards. Brainstorm and review concepts before the students complete the assignment sheets.
1.) Official Natchez Trace Parkway map
2.) Assignment Directions for Teachers
3.) Assignment Sheet A
4.) Cards for Assignment A
5.) Assignment Sheet B
6.) Cards for Assignment B
7.) Assignment Sheet C
8.) 60 plain pieces of paper (20 hazard spaces, 40 location spaces)
9.) Markers, crayons, or colored pencils
10.) Rainbow 3x5 index cards (25 cards each of 5 colors, so that each student gets one card of each color)
11.) Rainbow Index Card Examples
12.) Game Piece for each team of students
13.) 1 die or 6 count spinner (see websites for spinners)
14.) 3 Tally sheets for each team (money, health, equipment)
15.) Place Name Markers
16.) Game Instructions
17.) Game Setup diagram
18.) Student Location Assignment Sheet
Shows the students the Natchez Trace Parkway. Download
Provides information on student assignments for the teachers Download
One sheet for each student in ½ of the class Download
Cards for ½ of the class doing Assignment A Download
One sheet for second half of class. Download
Cards for second half of class doing Assignment B Download
One for every student Download
These will be divided into 20 hazard spaces and 40 location spaces on the “game board”. Download
To make the spaces for the game board and the game pieces. Download
Each student should have 5 cards, one of each color. Download
Examples of experiences students should write on the cards. Download
Game pieces for the students to use in the activity (will be made) Download
Used to determine number of spaces moved. Web sites for spinner directions, spinners should have 12 spaces the numbers 1-6 each shown twice: http://www.webeans.net/hutt/gamespinners.htm http://www.ehow.com/how_4497320_board-game-spinner-home.html http://www.ehow.com/how_4779618_make-spinner-game.html Download
Tally Sheets are for Money, Health, and Equipment. Each team gets all 3 tally sheets. Download
Setup and game instructions for both teachers and students Download
Shows how to set up the classroom for the game. Download
Names and mileage markers for locations along the Trace for the game board. Download
Shows the locations the students are assigned to. Download
See Materials for Game Instructions
1.) The students will complete the assignment sheets and make game hazard cards.
2.) After they complete the cards, they will compete as teams to play the game.
3.) The classroom will serve as the game board.
4.) Each team must have a game piece to represent their team. Measurement Option: Assign students specific game squares to design. (See Assignment C) Designs can be as simple as Place Name and Mileage, or they can be decorated with appropriate drawings or pictures.
Teacher Closure: Ask students if they would prefer traveling the Natchez Trace in the 1800's or in the 2000's. Lead a class discussion as to why or why not.
AssessmentParticipation in the activity and follow up discussion.
Park ConnectionsExplains the history of the Natchez Trace.
ExtensionsHave the students further research historical places and people on the Natchez Trace and write a paragraph or short report on the place or person.