Lesson Plan

Fire Safety Review (and Good Fires)

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Subject:
Fire Safety, Health, Physical Education, Physical Fitness
Duration:
30-45 minutes
Group Size:
Up to 36
Setting:
outdoors
National/State Standards:
Kindergarten- 1a, 1c, 2a, 2b, 4a, 5a, 5b.
1st Grade- 1a, 2a, 2b,4b, 5c,5d.
2nd Grade- 1a, 2b, 5a, 5c, 6a.
Keywords:
fire safety, Physical Fitness, safety, game, physical education, Prescribed Fire, prescribed burning, Prescribed Burn, controlled burn

Overview

Students will review fire safety, be introduced to the concept that not all fire is bad, and engage in a physical activity that integrates fitness and fire safety knowledge. A guest speaker from the Fire Management Division at the Natchez Trace Parkway could be requested. The activity involves teamwork, body fitness, and space awareness, as well as fire safety knowledge.


Objective(s)

Enduring Understanding: Knowing fire safety is important to reduce chance of injury, whether the fire is good or bad. 

Essential Question: What should I do if there is a fire?

The students will:

1.) Learn about fire safety and use teamwork and fitness skills in physical activity that is integrated with what they have learned.

2.) Learn that sometimes National Parks use fire to help nature and to keep park neighbors safe.  



Background

The teacher should review the basic practices of fire safety, for example: the importance of smoke detectors, having a plan to get out of a burning building, crawl under smoke, stop/drop/roll technique if your clothes are on fire, and to call 911 to report a fire to the local fire department.

The Natchez Trace Parkway has a Fire Management Division. The Fire Management Division has three locations: Hohenwald, TN, Tupelo, MS, and Natchez, MS. The division's primary responsibilities are to suppress or stop wildfires, use prescribed burns or controlled fires to maintain historic value of sites and to study how different organisms and their react to the presence and absence of fire. They also provided education to the public about fire safety. It may be possible to have a member of the Fire Management Division to come and talk to students. For more information please call 662-680-4027



Materials

1) Fire Safety Review List

Teacher Provided

Hula Hoops, a unique color for each group of students: Groups may be 3, 4 or 5 students.

Space to place hoops in a circle 30' across and room for students to safely move around them. 

 



Procedure

Tasks:

1. The teacher will discuss with the students, practices of fire safety. (see materials Fire Safety Review List)

2. The teacher will discuss why fire is sometimes helpful (see Step 2) or will invite a guest speaker from the Fire Management Division at the Natchez Trace Parkway. 

3. The students will play a game in which they get to be firefighters (see Step 3)

4. Teacher closure (see Step 4)

 

 

Class discussion about fire: (after review of fire safety practices) 

1. Suggestions to lead discussion:

Is fire always bad? Why not? (fire can be used to cook food, keep warm, etc)

2. Does fire always hurt nature (forests, prairies, etc)? (No. Sometimes trained fire technicians use fire to:

a. keep harmful plants out of an area

b. keep too much plant debris from collecting on the ground. Too much debris may cause a very big fire. If trained firefighters use controlled fire burns in an area often, then that reduces the fuel load that may cause a huge fire. A small fire is much easier to put out.

3. The teacher (or fire technician) will explain that sometimes Fire Technicians at the Natchez Trace Parkway burn areas along the Parkway to help keep the area beautiful, natural, and to keep the Parkway neighbors safe from wildfires.

Student Instruction: 

The students will play the game Fire Chief. The rules and set up of the game are as follows:

Transition: Although some fires are set by trained Fire Technicians, everyone needs to follow the same fire safety rules. 

1.) The teacher will set the hula hoops down on the ground, spaced out, in a circle, approximately 30 feet in diameter. 

2.) The class will then divide up into groups of three, four or five. Each group should have a uniquely colored hoop which will serve as that group's "fire station".

3.) When the teacher gives the command, "Fire! Fire! Fire! (exercise command)" each student will either walk, run, jog, hop, skip, or crawl, around the outside of the large circle doing which ever command the teacher said after "Fire. Fire. Fire." depending on which exercise the teacher decided to assign for the round.

4.) The students should leave their hoops and start moving to the right or counter-clockwise until the teacher gives the next command.

5.) When the teacher gives the command, "Fire is out! Get back to your stations!", the students will then try to return to their stations the same way they came from.

6.) The group that is the last team to get all of its members back into (or a foot onto) their hula hoops must answer two questions the teacher makes up from the Fire Safety Review List. If they answer either question wrong, they must take their hoop and go out of the circle. They will spend the remainder of the game time doing the exercises "in place" next to their hoop at a location designated by the teacher.

7.)  The circle may become smaller until there is only one group left who would then be the winner. The teacher may also designate a time limit for the game. 

Option: Students who are out may play along with the game from the outside of the circle. They still have to move accordingly, but when the teacher gives the command "Fire is out!" they have to stop in place.

Teacher Closure: 

Review basic fire safety practices (see Extensions and Additional Resources)

Assessment

Students will be evaluated based on their participation in the discussion of fire safety and the physical activity that follows.

Park Connections

The students will learn why the Fire Management Division at the Natchez Trace Parkway sometimes burns areas along the Parkway

Extensions

1.) Have the students go home and discuss the fire safety of their own home with their parents.

2.) As a class, the students and teacher can develop an illustration of their fire exit plan if the building caught fire. 

3.) Visit a prescribed burn site on the Natchez Trace National Scenic Trail or talk to Fire Management Division member along the Natchez Trace Parkway.



Additional Resources

National Park Service

Fire and Aviation

NPS fire curriculum materials

Fire Basics for Kids

Fire Safety

Forest Service 

Fire Science

Forest Fire Education

Fire Safety Websites

Fire Safety for Kids

Fire Safe Kids



Vocabulary

prescribed fire, wildfire