[Federal Register Volume 79, Number 11 (Thursday, January 16, 2014)]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2014-00805]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Tennessee Valley
Authority, Knoxville, TN
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
SUMMARY: The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), in consultation with the
appropriate Federally recognized Indian tribes has determined that the
cultural items listed in this notice meet the definition of
unassociated funerary objects. Lineal descendants or representatives of
any Federally recognized Indian tribe not identified in this notice
that wish to claim these cultural items should submit a written request
to the TVA. If no additional claimants come forward, transfer of
control of the cultural items to the Federally recognized Indian tribe
stated in this notice may proceed.
DATES: Lineal descendants or representatives of any Federally
recognized Indian tribe not identified in this notice that wish to
claim these cultural items should submit a written request with
information in support of the claim to TVA at the address in this
notice by February 18, 2014.
ADDRESSES: Dr. Thomas O. Maher, TVA, 400 West Summit Hill Drive, WT11D,
Knoxville, TN 37902-1401, telephone (865) 632-7458, email
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25
U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate cultural items under the
control of TVA that meet the definition of unassociated funerary
objects under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native
American cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible
for the determinations in this notice.
History and Description of the Cultural Item(s)
From March 13 to November 14, 1939, 205 cultural items were removed
from the Rudder site (1JA180), in Jackson County, AL. The Rudder site
was excavated as part of TVA's Guntersville reservoir project by the
Alabama Museum of Natural History (AMNH) at the University of Alabama,
using labor and funds provided by the Works Progress Administration.
Excavation of the land commenced after TVA had acquired this land for
the Guntersville project. The excavation site was composed of a
truncated trapezoidal mound w ith multiple construction periods and a
smaller mound containing most of the burial units. This site was
occupied during the Henry Island phase of the Mississippian culture
(ca. A.D. 1200-1400). Details regarding this site may be found in An
Archaeological Survey of Guntersville Basin on the Tennessee River in
Northern Alabama by William S. Webb and Charles G. Wilder. The
objects excavated from the Rudder site have always been in the physical
custody of the AMNH at the University of Alabama. The 205 unassociated
funerary objects are comprised of 1 ceramic bowl, 2 ceramic water
bottles, 199 pottery sherds, 2 pieces of graphite, and 1 sandstone
These unassociated funerary objects were recovered from six burial
features. The human remains from these burial features were either not
collected during excavation or have been misplaced in the last 74
years. These burial features, however, were derived from Henry Island
phase strata in the mounds at this site. These unassociated funerary
objects are, therefore, from Mississippian culture burials.
Although there is no scientific certainty that Native Americans of
the Henry Island phase are directly related to modern Federally
recognized tribes, Spanish and French explorers of the 16th and 17th
centuries do indicate the presence chiefdom level tribal entities in
the southeastern United States. The Coosa paramount chiefdom noted in
historical chronicles is the most likely entity related to Henry Island
phase sites in this part of the Guntersville Reservoir. Tribal groups
or towns now part of The Muscogee (Creek) Nation claim descent from the
Coosa chiefdom. The preponderance of the evidence indicates that in
this part of the Guntersville Reservoir area, Henry Island phase sites
are most likely culturally associated with groups now part of the
Muscogee (Creek) Nation.
Determinations Made by the Tennessee Valley Authority
Officials of TVA have determined that:
Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(B), the 205 cultural items
described in this notice are reasonably believed to have been placed
with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as
part of the death rite or ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance
of the evidence, to have been removed from the specific burial sites of
a Native American individuals.
Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of
shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the
unassociated funerary objects and The Muscogee (Creek) Nation.
Additional Requestors and Disposition
Lineal descendants or representatives of any Federally recognized
Indian tribe not identified in this notice that wish to claim these
cultural items should submit a written request with information in
support of the claim to Dr. Thomas O. Maher, TVA, 400 West Summit Hill
Drive, WT11D, Knoxville, TN 37902-1401, telephone (865) 632-7458, email
email@example.com, by February 18, 2014. After that date, if no
additional claimants have come forward, transfer of control of the
unassociated funerary objects to The Muscogee (Creek) Nation may
TVA is responsible for notifying the University of Alabama and the
Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma; Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas
(previously listed as the Alabama-Coushatta Tribes of Texas); Alabama-
Quassarte Tribal Town; Cherokee Nation; Eastern Band of Cherokee
Indians; Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma; Kialegee Tribal Town;
Poarch Band of Creeks (previously listed as the Poarch Band of Creek
Indians of Alabama); Seminole Tribe of Florida (previously listed as
the Seminole Tribe of Florida (Dania, Big Cypress, Brighton, Hollywood
& Tampa Reservations)); Shawnee Tribe; The Chickasaw Nation; The
Muscogee (Creek) Nation; The Seminole Nation of Oklahoma; Thlopthlocco
Tribal Town; and the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians in
Oklahoma, that this notice has been published.
Dated: December 2, 2013.
Acting Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2014-00805 Filed 1-15-14; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-P
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