[Federal Register Volume 77, Number 76 (Thursday, April 19, 2012)]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2012-9433]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Benton County
Historical Society and Museum, Philomath, OR
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
SUMMARY: The Benton County Historical Society and Museum (BCHS), in
consultation with the appropriate Indian tribes, has determined that
the cultural items meet the definition of sacred objects and
repatriation to the Indian tribe stated below may occur if no
additional claimants come forward. Representatives of any Indian tribe
that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the cultural
items may contact the Benton County Historical Society and Museum.
DATES: Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes it has a
cultural affiliation with the cultural items should contact the Benton
County Historical Society and Museum at the address below by May 21,
ADDRESSES: Mary K. Gallagher, Benton County Historical Society and
Museum, 1101 Main Street, P.O. Box 35, Philomath, OR 97370, telephone
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25
U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate cultural items under the
control of the Benton County Historical Society and Museum, Philomath,
OR, that meet the definition of sacred objects under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native
American cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible
for the determinations in this notice.
History and Description of the Cultural Items
The nine cultural items include: 1 basket hat; 1 drum; 1 wild
celery root; 1 decorated wooden projectile point; 1 elk horn purse; 1
grass and bead hair wrap; 1 necklace of dentalia shells and small round
black glass beads; 1 ceremonial bow; and 1 associated arrow. All of the
items are from the Horner Museum, which was established in 1925 on the
campus of what is now Oregon State University in Corvallis, OR. In
2005, items from the Horner Museum were acquired by the Benton County
Historical Society and Museum (BCHS) located in nearby Philomath, OR.
At the time of the transfer, Oregon State University (OSU) was in the
process of completing NAGPRA requirements for items from the Horner
Museum. In the transfer agreement with OSU, the BCHS took physical
custody all unclaimed NAGPRA items and is now responsible for NAGPRA
claims for cultural items from the collection.
Six of the cultural items (the hat, the drum, the wild celery root,
the elk horn purse, the projectile point, and the hair wrap) are from
the collection of Mrs. James Edmond Barrett. According to notes found
in the Horner Museum donor file, Mrs. Barrett was a schoolteacher in
southwestern Oregon who collected these cultural items over a period of
60 years. In 1927, she loaned her collection to the Horner Museum at
what was then Oregon Agricultural College (OAC) to honor her son and
daughter-in-law who attended OAC. This loan was renewed in 1939 and
again 1947. In 1972, the collection was donated to the Horner Museum by
Lois Barrett, the daughter-in-law of Mrs. James Edmond Barrett.
According to the 1934 catalog cards, three items (the elk horn purse,
the wild celery root and the projectile point) originated from Happy
Camp, CA, and one item (the drum) was used in religious festivals held
twice a year on the Klamath River. The other two items do not have
Two of the cultural items (the bow and the arrow) are from the Dr.
J. L. Hill collection. The J. L. Hill collection was donated to OAC in
1924 and formed the nucleus of the Horner Museum which opened in 1925.
Previously, the J. L. Hill collection was housed at the Hill Museum in
Albany, OR. On September 30, 1924, the Barometer newspaper reported,
``The Hill museum of Albany, the largest private collection of natural
history specimens, Indian relics, and miscellaneous articles in Oregon,
has been given to the college by the heirs of Dr. J. L. Hill. The
material was collected by Doctor Hill during a period of sixty years
from all parts of the earth regardless of expense'' (Barometer, OAC,
Corvallis, OR). The bow and the arrow from the Hill Collection have no
original catalog card and no known provenance. Suggested affiliation,
based on consultations, include Karuk, Hupa, Towla and Duckwater
One cultural item (the dentalia necklace) is from the collection of
the Kennedy-Tartar family. This collection was donated to the Horner
Museum in 1973. The original catalog card does not provide any
information on the provenance of this item. Members of Kennedy-Tartar
family had a connection to Siletz tribal members and donated items to
the Horner Museum that clearly came from the Siletz. There are also
many items in the Kennedy-Tartar collection from the Klamath tribes,
much of which has been claimed. At least one piece of paper in the
accession file has the word ``Karuk'' but there is no indication of
what item is referenced.
On July 13, 2011, representatives of the Karuk Tribe visited the
BCHS to view unclaimed cultural items. On August 15, 2011, the BCHS
received a claim from the Karuk Tribe for the repatriation of nine
cultural items. The BCHS reviewed the claim and determined that
cultural affiliation to the Karuk Tribe is clearly established for six
of the cultural items. On November 17, 2005, Smith River Rancheria
withdrew a claim for one of the items (the basket hat) noting that
after reviewing the item again they believed that in fact it was Karuk
in origin. After a review of additional evidence presented by the Karuk
Tribe, the BCHS has determined that cultural affiliation to the Karuk
Tribe exists for all nine cultural items and that these cultural items
are sacred objects that have religious significance in the practice of
Determinations Made by the Benton County Historical Society and Museum
Officials of the BCSM have determined that:
Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(C), the nine cultural items
described above are specific ceremonial objects needed by traditional
Native American religious leaders for the practice of traditional
Native American religions by their present-day adherents.
Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of
shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the sacred
objects and the Karuk Tribe (formerly Karuk Tribe of California).
Additional Requestors and Disposition
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the sacred objects should contact Mary K.
Gallagher, Benton County Historical Society and Museum, 1101 Main
Street, PO Box 35, Philomath, OR 97370, telephone (541) 929-6230 before
May 21, 2012. Repatriation of the sacred objects to the Karuk Tribe may
proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward.
The Benton County Historical Society is responsible for notifying
the Karuk Tribe that this notice has been published.
Dated: April 12, 2012.
Acting Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2012-9433 Filed 4-18-12; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-P
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