[Federal Register Volume 77, Number 63 (Monday, April 2, 2012)]
[Notices]
[Pages 19702-19704]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office 
[www.gpo.gov ]
[FR Doc No: 2012-7872]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

[2253-665]


Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: California Department of Parks 
and Recreation, Sacramento, CA

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The California Department of Parks and Recreation, in consultation 
with the appropriate tribes, has determined that the cultural items meet the 
definition of unassociated funerary objects and repatriation to the Indian 
tribes stated below may occur if no additional claimants come forward. 
Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally 
affiliated with the cultural item may contact the California Department of 
Parks and Recreation.

DATES: Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes it has a cultural 
affiliation with the cultural item should contact the California Department 
of Parks and Recreation at the address below by May 2, 2012.

ADDRESSES: Rebecca Carruthers, NAGPRA Coordinator, California Department of 
Parks and Recreation,

[[Page 19703]]

1416 9th Street, Room 902, Sacramento, CA 95814, telephone (916) 653-
8893.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native 
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of 
the intent to repatriate cultural items under the control of the California 
Department of Parks and Recreation that meet the definition of unassociated 
funerary objects under 25 U.S.C. 3001. The unassociated funerary objects were 
removed from eight sites located in San Diego County, CA.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The 
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, 
institution or Federal agency that has control of the Native American 
cultural item. The National Park Service is not responsible for the 
determinations in this notice.

History and Description of the Cultural Items

    The unassociated funerary objects were removed from eight sites located 
in San Diego County, CA. The geographical location of these eight sites 
indicates the unassociated funerary objects were recovered within the 
historically documented territory of the Kumeyaay. The traditional territory 
of the Kumeyaay includes a significant portion of present-day San Diego 
County up to the Aqua Hedionda area and inland along the San Felipe Creek 
(just south of Borrego Springs). Bound to the east by the Sand Hills in 
Imperial County and includes the southern end of the Salton Basin and all of 
the Chocolate Mountains, the territory extends southward to Todos Santos Bay, 
Laguna Salada and along the New River in northern Baja California. The 
central and southern portions of Anza Borrego Desert State Park lie within 
the traditional territory of the Kumeyaay.
    In 1949, archeologist Malcolm Rogers excavated site CA-SDI-913 
(Arrowmaker's Ridge) within Cuyamaca Rancho State Park, and human remains 
from this site were in the possession of the San Diego Museum of Man. One 
artifact from site CA-SDI-913, a ceramic bow pipe, is in the possession of 
California State Parks. The ceramic bow pipe is an unassociated funerary 
object based on the proximity of human burials in the area, the ceremonial 
nature of the object, and the common use of similar objects in burial 
contexts.
    In 1960, archeologist Malcolm Rogers collected a ceramic pipe bowl 
fragment from site CA-SDI-948 (Indian Gorge) in the Anza Borrego Desert State 
Park, a site consisting of a rock shelter and associated village complex 
known to contain cremated human remains. The pipe bowl fragment is an 
unassociated funerary object based on the proximity of human cremation 
burials in the area, the ceremonial/personal nature of the object, and the 
burned exterior which is consistent with exposure to heat during cremation.
    In 1976, archeologists with the Archaeological Survey Association (A.S.A) 
collected a buffware pipe handle fragment and cremated human remains from 
site CA-SDI-4009 in the McCain Valley Recreation Area. The human remains have 
been repatriated, but the pipe handle fragment remains in the possession of 
California State Parks. The pipe handle fragment is an unassociated funerary 
object based on the proximity of human burials in the area, the ceremonial 
nature of the object, and the common use of similar objects in burial 
contexts.
    At an unknown date, Lloyd Findley collected 33 burnt Olivella shell 
beads, two burnt bone beads, and a ceramic pipe stem fragment from an unknown 
site in the Mason Valley area of Anza Borrego Desert State Park. The objects 
are unassociated funerary objects based upon the proximity of extensive and 
concentrated village sites with cremation burials in the area, the 
ceremonial/personal nature of the objects, and the burned exterior which is 
consistent with exposure to heat during cremation.
    At an unknown date prior to 1979, an unidentified individual collected a 
burnt ceramic pipe bowl fragment from an unidentified site in Cuyamaca Rancho 
State Park, and the object was donated to the California Department of Parks 
and Recreation by Harry D. Ross in 1979. The ceramic pipe bowl fragment is an 
unassociated funerary object based on the proximity of extensive and 
concentrated village sites with cremation burials in the area, the 
ceremonial/personal nature of the object, and the burned exterior which is 
consistent with exposure to heat during cremation.
    At an unknown date, John Wright and Virginia Carlsberg collected 17 burnt 
Olivella shell beads and two melted glass beads from an unknown site located 
near Fish Creek and Split Mountain in Anza Borrego Desert State Park. The 
objects are unassociated funerary objects based on the proximity of extensive 
and concentrated village sites with cremation burials in the area, the 
ceremonial/personal nature of the objects, and the burned exterior which is 
consistent with exposure to heat during cremation.
    At an unknown date, an unidentified person collected a Cerithiopsis shell 
altered with a hole punched near its outer lip and one lot of burned and 
unburned shell fragments from an unknown site near East Mesa within Cuyamaca 
Rancho State Park. The catalog records associate these objects with cremated 
human remains though the human remains do not 
appear to be in the possession of California State Parks. The objects are 
unassociated funerary objects based upon the catalog record, the proximity of 
extensive and concentrated village sites with cremation burials in the area, 
the ceremonial/personal nature of the objects, and the burned exterior which 
is consistent with exposure to heat during cremation.
    At an unknown date, an unidentified person collected two burnt Olivella 
shell beads and 47 melted glass beads from an unknown site within Cuyamaca 
Rancho State Park. The objects are unassociated funerary objects based on the 
proximity of extensive and concentrated village sites with cremation burials 
in the area, the ceremonial/
personal nature of the objects, and the burned exterior which is consistent 
with exposure to heat during cremation.

Determinations Made by the California Department of Parks and Recreation

    Officials of the California Department of Parks and Recreation have 
determined that:
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(B), the 110 cultural items described above 
are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human 
remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony 
and is believed, by a preponderance of the evidence, to have been removed 
from a specific burial site of a Native American individual.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of shared group 
identity that can be reasonably traced between the unassociated funerary 
objects and the Campo Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Campo Indian 
Reservation, California; Capitan Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of 
California: Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the 
Barona Reservation, California, and Viejas (Baron Long) Group of Capitan 
Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Viejas Reservation, California; 
Ewiiaapaayp Band of Kumeyaay Indians, California; Iipay Nation of Santa 
Ysabel, California (formerly the Santa Ysabel Band of Diegueno Mission 
Indians of the Santa Ysabel Reservation); Inaja Band of Diegueno

[[Page 19704]]

Mission Indians of the Inaja and Cosmit Reservation, California; Jamul Indian 
Village of California; La Posta Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the La 
Posta Indian Reservation, California; Manzanita Band of Diegueno Mission 
Indians of the Manzanita Reservation, California; Mesa Grande Band of 
Diegueno Mission Indians of the Mesa Grande Reservation, California; San 
Pasqual Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California; and the Sycuan Band 
of the Kumeyaay Nation (hereafter referred to as ``The Tribes'').

Additional Requestors and Disposition

    Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally 
affiliated with the unassociated funerary object should contact Rebecca 
Carruthers, NAGPRA Coordinator, California Department of Parks and 
Recreation, 1416 9th Street, Room 902, Sacramento CA 95814, telephone (916) 
653-8893, before May 2, 2012. Repatriation of the unassociated funerary 
objects to The Tribes may proceed after that date if no additional claimants 
come forward.
    The California Department of Parks and Recreation is responsible for 
notifying The Tribes that this notice has been published.

    Dated: March 28, 2012.
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2012-7872 Filed 3-30-12; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-P


Back to the top