[Federal Register Volume 77, Number 45 (Wednesday, March 7, 2012)]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2012-5581]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Maxey Museum,
Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
SUMMARY: Maxey Museum, in consultation with the appropriate Indian
tribes, has determined that the cultural items meet the definition of
unassociated funerary objects and repatriation to the Indian tribes
stated below may occur if no additional claimants come forward.
Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes itself to be
culturally affiliated with these cultural items may contact Maxey
DATES: Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes it has a
cultural affiliation with the cultural items should contact Maxey
Museum at the address below by April 6, 2012.
ADDRESSES: Gary Rollefson, Maxey Museum, Whitman College, 345 Boyer
Avenue, Walla Walla, WA 99362, telephone (509) 527-4938.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25
U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate cultural items in the
possession of Maxey
Museum that meet the definition of unassociated funerary objects under
25 U.S.C. 3001.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution or Federal agency that has control of the Native
American cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible
for the determinations in this notice.
History and Description of the Cultural Items
The following cultural items in Maxey Museum came from various
collectors and sites within the Columbia River Plateau near the
confluence of the Columbia and Snake rivers in Oregon and Washington.
The unassociated funerary objects are: 25 stone implements; 3 pestle
fragments; 2 pounding stones; 1 grooved weight; 1 grooved stone; 1
mortar; 2 pestles; 1 bone awl; and 1 lot of metal beads.
The stone implements were collected at various points along the
Columbia and Snake Rivers, most notably by H.T. Harding and Dr. H.S.
Brode. Journals and donor records indicate these objects were collected
in the following locations: ``opposite the mouth of the Yakima River''
in September 1925 and May 1928; ``along the Columbia River, north of
Pasco, Washington. Presented by H.S. Brode, April 14, 1929''; and along
the ``Snake River, N.E. Burbank, Washington. H.S. Brode and J.C.
Bunnell, 1930.'' The bone awl was purchased by Whitman College from Mr.
Clarence McBeth on January 24, 1930, and is listed as being from ``an
Indian grave along the Snake River in Walla Walla County, southwest of
Riparia, Washington.'' Lastly, the metal beads were taken from ``an
Indian grave, Tucannon Burial Ground'' and were donated to Maxey Museum
by F.G. Moor in 1944.
A detailed assessment of the cultural items was made by Maxey
Museum professional staff in consultation with representatives of the
Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation, Washington;
Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation, Washington;
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation, Oregon; Confederated
Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon; Nez Perce Tribe,
Idaho (previously listed as Nez Perce Tribe of Idaho) (hereafter
referred to as ``The Tribes''); and the Wanapum Band, a non-Federally
recognized Indian group (hereafter referred to as ``The Indian
Group''). The Tribes and The Indian Group claim these objects as
unassociated funerary objects due to the provenance indicating the
objects were removed from known burial sites within the Columbia River
Plateau. All of the collection sites are located in close proximity to
one another within the traditional territories of The Tribes and The
The collection site opposite the mouth of the Yakima River is a
burial area now known as site 45FR101, Chiawana Park. Lewis and Clark
mentioned how heavily this area was populated during the fall salmon
runs. Fishing stations, processing areas and villages were located on
both sides of the Columbia River and at the mouth of the Yakima River
(Moulton 1988) and north of Pasco, WA. A large excavation of this site
occurred in 1967 by the Mid-Columbia Archaeology Society under the
direction of Dr. David Rice. Approximately, sixteen burials were
removed to a repository at Washington State University; however, some
of the remains were reported to be repatriated to the Yakama Nation in
1982 (Collins et al. 2001, LaSarge 2002). Brode and Bunnell collected
together in the 1930s at NE Burbank, WA, on the Snake River. Hood Park
is northeast of Burbank and was heavily used as a traditional salmon
fishing and processing area by The Tribes and The Indian Group (Iverson
1976; Croghan 1999; Wright 2001). Wright (2001:6) states that burials
were located and removed from the day use and campground areas of the
park in the mid-1970s. Erosion along the Snake River shoreline has also
caused burials to be exposed from this location over the years. The
Tucannon Burial Ground is congruent with Smithsonian site 45CO1, a
large, heavily looted fishing station, open camp and burial site at the
mouth of the Tucannon River where it joins the Snake River. The Indian
grave described as southwest of Riparia, WA, is likely in the vicinity
of the mouth of the Tucannon River. The Tucannon River is situated
along a traditional cultural boundary between the Nez Perce Tribe and
the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation.
Based on traditional lifeways, past and present, The Tribes and The
Indian Group are direct descendant communities of the native people
that jointly used the lower Snake and Columbia rivers. As aboriginal
lifeways were being extinguished by Euro-American settlement of the
Pacific Northwest, treaties were negotiated and signed with the native
communities during the expansion of Washington and Oregon territories.
The native peoples in these territories were removed from the shores of
the Columbia and Snake rivers to the Colville, Umatilla, Warm Springs,
Yakama and Nez Perce reservations. The Wanapum Band was removed from
the rivers as well but was not put on a reservation of their own.
Cultural affiliation is further reinforced by living, enrolled members
of The Tribes and The Indian Group that have documented ancestors
buried along the lower Snake and Columbia rivers.
Determinations Made by Maxey Museum
Officials of Maxey Museum have determined that:
Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(B), the 37 cultural items
described above are reasonably believed to have been placed with or
near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of
the death rite or ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance of the
evidence, to have been removed from specific burial sites of Native
Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of
shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the
unassociated funerary objects and The Tribes and The Indian Group.
Additional Requestors and Disposition
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should
contact Gary Rollefson, Maxey Museum, Whitman College, 345 Boyer
Avenue, Walla Walla, WA 99362, telephone (509) 527-4938, before April
6, 2012. Repatriation of the unassociated funerary objects to The
Tribes and The Indian Group may proceed after that date if no
additional claimants come forward.
Maxey Museum is responsible for notifying The Tribes and The Indian
Group that this notice has been published.
Dated: March 2, 2012.
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2012-5581 Filed 3-6-12; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-P
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