[Federal Register: August 25, 2010 (Volume 75, Number 164)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Memphis Pink
Palace Museum, Memphis, TN
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent
to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Memphis Pink
Palace Museum, Memphis, TN, that meet the definition of unassociated
funerary objects under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural
items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determinations in this notice.
The 92 unassociated funerary objects are whole and restored ceramic
vessels from the Bradley site (3CT7), Crittenden County, AR. The
collection was acquired as a donation from a private individual in
The Bradley site was a village or town of the late Mississippian
and proto-historic periods, located in Crittenden County, northeast
Arkansas. Archeological evidence indicates that the site was occupied
during the Nodena phase (A.D. 1350-1650). Funerary objects removed from
the site have been dated to the period from A.D. 1350-1650. The Bradley
site is thought to be the capital of ``Pacaha'' identified in the
DeSoto chronicles. Historical documentation indicates that this site
dates into the 17th century and close to the time when the Quapaw Tribe
was documented by early Europeans. Linguistic evidence indicates a
possible link between ``Capaha'' (a.k.a. Pacaha) in a Spanish account,
and a late 17th century Quapaw Indian village name ``Kappah'' or
``Kappa.'' French maps and documents (A.D. 1673-1720), indicate that
only the Quapaw had villages in this area of eastern Arkansas. Oral
traditional evidence indicates that the Quapaw had a continuous
presence in the area, including hunting lands, and that burial
practices such as placement of food with the dead continues to be an
important burial ritual.
Archeological, historical and ethnographic sources indicate that
the type of pottery found at the Bradley site was produced by the
Quapaw (Morse 1992). Descendants of the Quapaw are members of the
Quapaw Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma. Finally, the Quapaw Tribe of
Indians, Oklahoma, through the NAGPRA process, have previously been
determined to be culturally affiliated with the Bradley site and have
repatriated Native American human remains and associated funerary
objects from the site.
Officials of the Memphis Pink Palace Museum have determined that,
pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(B), the 92 cultural items described above
are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual
human remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite
or ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance of the evidence, to
have been removed from a specific burial site of a Native American
individual. Officials of the Memphis Pink Palace Museum also have
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship
of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the
unassociated funerary objects and the Quapaw Tribe of Indians,
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should
contact Louella Weaver, Memphis Pink Palace Museum, 3050 Central Ave.,
Memphis, TN 38111, telephone (901) 320-6322, before September 24, 2010.
Repatriation of the unassociated funerary objects to the Quapaw Tribe
of Indians, Oklahoma, may proceed after that date if no additional
claimants come forward.
The Memphis Pink Palace Museum is responsible for notifying the
Quapaw Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma, that this notice has been published.
Dated: August 19, 2010
Acting Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2010-21191 Filed 8-24-10; 8:45 am]
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