FR Doc E7-24618
[Federal Register: December 19, 2007 (Volume 72, Number 243)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Horner Collection,
Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent
to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Horner
Collection, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR that meet the
definition of "sacred objects" under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural
items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determinations in this notice.
The six cultural items are two basket caps, three baskets, and one
The Museum of Oregon Country, Oregon Agricultural College was
renamed the John B. Horner Museum of the Oregon Country in 1936, and
became commonly known as the Horner Museum. The Oregon Agricultural
College was renamed the Oregon State College in 1937, and became Oregon
State University in 1962. The Horner Museum closed in 1995. Currently,
cultural items from the Horner Museum are referred to as the Horner
Collection, which is owned by, and in the possession of, Oregon State
Horner Collection, Oregon State University professional staff
consulted with representatives of the Confederated Tribes of the Coos,
Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians of Oregon; Confederated Tribes of the
Grand Ronde Community of Oregon; Confederated Tribes of the Siletz
Reservation, Oregon; Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Indians of Oregon; Hoopa
Valley Tribe, California; Klamath Tribes, Oregon (formerly the Klamath
Indian Tribe of Oregon); Pit River Tribe, California (includes XL
Ranch, Big Ben, Likely, Lookout, Montgomery Creek and Roaring Creek
Rancherias); Redding Rancheria, California; Santa Ynez Band of Chumash
Mission Indians of the Santa Ynez Reservation, California; Smith River
Rancheria, California; Yurok Tribe of the Yurok Reservation,
California; and Kumeyaay Cultural Repatriation Commission, a non-
federally recognized Indian group.
On November 30, 1972, Mrs. J. E. Barrett donated one basket cap and
one tobacco basket. The two cultural items were originally part of a
loaned collection of Indian baskets dated February 28, 1927. Basket
caps are used in ceremonial dances that are placed on young female
dancers and women singers as part of the Tolowa Dee-ni' regalia, and
continue to be used during ceremonial dances such as Nee-dash "Feather
Dance" or Wealth-display dance. Tobacco baskets store tobacco for the
use of transmitting prayers up to the Creator during everyday prayer,
as well as during ceremonial occasions.
On March 25, 1985, one storage basket and one basket cap from the
collection of Thomas and Ann Stephens, Ashland, OR, were donated to the
Horner Museum by Eileen Waring Dew (Mrs. Lawrence). Museum records
state that the cultural items were made by northwestern California
Indians between 1880 and 1900. A storage basket is a sacred item that
is used to store many different herbs and sacred plants used in
traditional healing practices. Current ceremonial practices include use
of specific herbs and plants as healing remedies, purification, and are
often burned during the dance while prayers are offered and transmitted
to the Creator.
On July 14, 1986, Charles A. and Audrey L. Boice donated a
collection of Indian baskets from the collection of Olivia and C.N.
Edman of Marshfield, OR, to the Horner Collection. Museum records
indicate the baskets are from southern Oregon and northern California.
Representatives of the Smith River Rancheria, California have
identified one basket as Tolowa Dee-ni' in affiliation and that it is
used for the cooking of food, such as acorns for ceremonies and other
important community events. Acorns are highly revered and during
certain ceremonies the acorn is the only food allowable for dancers and
shaman to consume.
At an unknown time and date, pipes were donated to the Horner
Collection. Museum records show one pipe is tubular in design and the
that it is from California. The pipe is identified as a sacred item
traditionally and contemporarily used to smoke tobacco during prayer
and[sol]or for purification. Representatives of the Smith River
Rancheria, California have identified the tubular shape of the pipe as
typical of Tolowa Dee-ni' culture and as a sacred object.
Tribal representatives of the Smith River Rancheria, California
have identified the six cultural items as Tolowa in cultural
affiliation and as sacred items. Descendants of the Tolowa Dee-ni'
people are members of the Smith River Rancheria, California.
Officials of the Horner Collection, Oregon State University have
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(C), the six cultural
items described above are specific ceremonial objects needed by
traditional Native American religious leaders for the practice of
traditional Native American religions by their present-day adherents.
Officials of Horner Collection, Oregon State University also have
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a
relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced
between the sacred objects and the Smith River Rancheria, California.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the sacred objects should contact Sabah
Randhawa, Executive Vice President and Provost, President's Office,
Oregon State University, 600 Kerr Administration Building, Corvallis,
OR 97331, telephone (541) 737-8260, before January 18, 2008.
Repatriation of the sacred objects to Smith River Rancheria, California
may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward.
The Horner Collection, Oregon State University is responsible for
notifying the Bear River Band of the Rohnerville Rancheria, California;
Big Lagoon Rancheria, California; Blue Lake Rancheria, California;
Cachil DeHe Band of Wintun Indians of the Colusa Indian Community of
the Colusa Rancheria, California; Cher-Ae Heights Indian Community of
the Trinidad Rancheria, California; Elk Valley Rancheria, California;
Hoopa Valley Tribe, California; Karuk Tribe of California; Pit River
Tribe, California (includes XL Ranch, Big Bend, Likely, Lookout,
Montgomery Creek and Roaring Creek Rancherias); Quartz Valley Indian
Community of the Quartz Valley Reservation of California; Redding
Rancheria, California; Resighini Rancheria, California; Yurok Tribe of
the Yurok Reservation, California; and Kumeyaay Cultural Repatriation
Commission, a non-federally recognized Indian group that this notice
has been published.
Dated: November 28, 2007
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E7-24618 Filed 12-18-07; 8:45 am]
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