FR Doc E7-22671
[Federal Register: November 20, 2007 (Volume 72, Number 223)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: U.S. Department of
Agriculture, Forest Service, Coronado National Forest, Tucson, AZ and
Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent
to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the U.S. Department
of Agriculture, Forest Service, Coronado National Forest, Tucson, AZ
that meet the definition of "objects of cultural patrimony" under 25
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural
items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determinations in this notice.
The 58 cultural items are part of an archeological collection known
as the Pinaleno Cotton Cache. The 58 cultural items are 2 caches of
raw, native cotton; 3 ceramic jars; 3 ceramic bowls; 2 coiled basketry
bowls; 1 coiled basketry pot stand; and 47 botanical and faunal items.
In 1982, the Pinaleno Cotton Cache was found near Safford, AZ, by
local residents on lands administered by the Forest Service. In 1983,
the existence of the cache was reported to the Forest Service.
Officials of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service removed
cultural items in the cache for curation at the Arizona State Museum,
University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ. Subsequently, U.S. Department of
Agriculture, Forest Service law enforcement officers recovered the two
coiled baskets from individuals who had removed the items illegally
during the interval between the discovery of the cache and its removal
by the Forest Service.
The ceramic vessels in the cache have characteristics associated
with both the Hohokam and Mogollon cultures in the 10th through the
12th century. The coiled basketry pieces were constructed with a method
(two-rod-and-bundle) shared by many people throughout the prehistoric
Southwestern United States. In addition, basket fragments with a
similar construction technique were found at Ventana Cave on the Tohono
O'odham reservation. Studies of the cultural items in the Pinaleno
Cotton Cache have established that the site was a shrine that was
visited at intervals from the 7th through the 13th century, and that
the items left at the site were ceremonial offerings. In a 1995 study,
the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service determined that
Hohokam cultural materials of the 7th through the 13th century from the
Safford area in Arizona are culturally affiliated with the Tohono
O'odham Nation of Arizona. During consultation, cultural and religious
leaders of the Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona indicated that the
cultural items in the Pinaleno Cotton Cache were of Tohono O'odham
ancestry. The tribal representatives also indicated that the cultural
items were objects of cultural patrimony associated with the ancestral
Tohono O'odham culture and had ongoing historical, traditional or
cultural importance and was property owned by the tribe.
Officials of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service
have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(D), the 58
cultural items described above have ongoing historical, traditional or
cultural importance central to the Native American group or culture
itself, rather than property owned by an individual. Officials of the
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service also have determined
that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared
group identity that can be reasonably traced between the objects of
cultural patrimony and the Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the objects of cultural patrimony should
contact Dr. Frank E. Wozniak, NAGPRA Coordinator, Southwestern Region,
USDA Forest Service, 333 Broadway Blvd., SE, Albuquerque, NM 87102,
telephone (505) 842-3238, before December 20, 2007. Repatriation of the
objects of cultural patrimony to the Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona
may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward.
The Coronado National Forest is responsible for notifying the Ak
Chin Indian Community of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation,
Arizona; Gila River Indian Community of the Gila River Indian
Reservation, Arizona; Hopi Tribe of Arizona; Salt River Pima-Maricopa
Indian Community of the Salt River Reservation, Arizona; and Tohono
O'odham Nation of Arizona that this notice has been published.
Dated: October 25, 2007.
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E7-22671 Filed 11-19-07; 8:45 am]
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