FR Doc E7-16786
[Federal Register: August 24, 2007 (Volume 72, Number 164)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent to Repatriate a Cultural Item: Denver Museum of
Nature & Science, Denver, CO
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent
to repatriate a cultural item in the possession of the Denver Museum of
Nature & Science, Denver, CO, which meets the definitions of "sacred
object" and "object of cultural patrimony" under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural
items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determinations in this notice.
The cultural item is a Beaver Chilkat Shirt, which is also called a
tunic, as the terms are used interchangeably to describe the item (AC.
11604). The sleeveless, untailored garment consists of rectangular
front and back sections with woven shoulders and a round neck opening,
which is joined loosely at the sides below armholes. The fabric was
created by means of twined weaving in handspun mountain goat wool and
yellow cedar bark, which is a technique known as Chilkat twining from
its specialty production by Chilkat Tlingit women. The entire design
field of the front is filled with intricate stylized forms that have
been interpreted as a beaver in natural wool dyed in colors of black,
yellow, and green. The open white ground of the back tunic is centered
at the top with a mask form and crossed lower with bands of geometric
patterns, including a basal checkerboard. The bottom edges are fringed.
In 1974, the cultural item was sold by Marc Jacobs, Sr. to Michael
R. Johnson of Seattle, WA, a collector and dealer. In October 1974, the
cultural item was purchased by Adelaide de Menil and Dr. Edmund
Carpenter. In August 1976, it was transferred to Howard B. Roloff
through an exchange requested by Mary W. A. Crane. The museum
accessioned the cultural item into the collection later that same year.
During consultation, representatives of the Central Council of the
Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes gave oral history of the tunic as a clan
"treasured property," and its place in clan belief and ceremonial
practice. The tunic's history began four generations ago with a
daughter of Chief Shakes IV and can be traced to a line of caretakers
up to 1974. The tunic is identified as an item of Chilkat regalia among
the most valued of ceremonial clothing used in funerary rites and is
high status apparel at traditional ceremonies and potlatches. The tunic
is required for the ceremonial rites conducted to renew and ensure the
spiritual harmony of the Tlingit people. The tunic is not owned by a
single individual, instead there are designated caretakers and it
belongs to the clan as a whole, and therefore it could not have been
alienated by a single individual.
According to museum records, the line of caretakers starts in 1890
with a Tlingit family in Angoon, AK, and also corroborates Tlingit
accounts of the tunic's sale by Mark Jacobs, Sr. Tlingit of the
Deisheetaan Clan of the Needlefish House are from Angoon, AK, and are
represented in this claim by the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida
Officials of the Denver Museum of Nature & Science have determined
that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(C), the one cultural item is a
specific ceremonial object needed by traditional Native American
religious leaders for the practice of traditional Native American
religions by their present-day adherents. Officials of the Denver
Museum of Nature & Science have also determined that, pursuant to 25
U.S.C. 3001 (3)(D), the one cultural item has ongoing historical,
traditional, or cultural importance central to the Native American
group or culture itself, rather than property owned by an individual.
Lastly, officials of the Denver Museum of Nature & Science have
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a
relationship of shared group identity which can be reasonably traced
between the sacred object/object of cultural patrimony and the Central
Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the sacred object/object of cultural
patrimony should contact Dr. Stephen Nash, Chair, Department of
Anthropology, Denver Museum of Nature & Science, 2001 Colorado
Boulevard, Denver, CO 80205, telephone (303) 370-6056, before September
24, 2007. Repatriation of the cultural item to the Central Council of
the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes on behalf of the Deisheetaan Clan of
the Needlefish House, Angoon, AK, may proceed after that date if no
additional claimants come forward.
The Denver Museum of Nature & Science is responsible for notifying
the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes that this
notice has been published.
Dated: August 8, 2007.
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E7-16786 Filed 8-23-07; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-S
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