FR Doc E6-14471
[Federal Register: August 30, 2006 (Volume 71, Number 168)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Peabody Museum of
Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent
to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Peabody Museum of
Archaeology and Ethnology (Peabody Museum), Harvard University,
Cambridge, MA, that meet the definition of ``objects of cultural
patrimony'' under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural
items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determinations in this notice.
An assessment of the cultural items was made by Peabody Museum
staff in consultation with representatives of the Bois Forte Band (Nett
Lake) of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota.
In 1941, two cultural items were donated to the Peabody Museum, as
the legacy of David I. Bushnell, Jr. The two cultural items are cloth
drum tabs with beaded decoration. One tab measures 20 x 16 x 1 cm and
depicts a white human-like figure surrounded by floral elements. The
second tab measures 19 x 15 x 0.5 cm and depicts four blue human
figures (three men and one woman). Museum records indicate that Mr.
Bushnell obtained the cultural items at United States Point, Basswood
Lake, MN, in 1899. When Mr. Bushnell Jr. acquired the drum tabs they
had been removed from a large, stationary drum, also known as a Dance
The Dance Drum was introduced to the Chippewa people, also known as
the Ojibwa people, in the late nineteenth century. Consultation
evidence supports that stylistic characteristics of objects reported
here are consistent with traditional Chippewa art forms. Historical
research and consultation with tribal representatives indicate that
Dance Drums and accoutrements, including drum tabs, were specialized
objects associated with ceremonial Drum Dances and may be understood as
externalized, materialized sacred visions. Dance Drums and portions of
Dance Drums were transferred among communal drum societies in a
formalized process and not between individuals. Therefore, Mr.
Bushnell's purchase of the drum tabs did not meet proper, traditional
requirements for the transfer of Dance Drums and accoutrements.
United States Point lies within the traditional territory of the
Bois Forte Band (Nett Lake) of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe. Mr.
Bushnell recorded the name of the Basswood Lake Dance Drum's caretaker
as ``Kingfisher.'' Federal records, including tribal allotment lists,
payment rolls, and censuses, list a ``Kingfisher'' and his relations as
members of Bois Forte Band.
Consultation evidence indicates that the drum tabs have an ongoing
historical, traditional, and cultural importance central to the Bois
Forte Band (Nett Lake) of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota.
Cultural affiliation with the Bois Forte Band (Nett Lake) of the
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota is established through
anthropological, geographical, and historical information; museum
records, including Mr. Bushnell's account of his trip to Basswood Lake
and acquisition of the drum tabs; Federal documentary records; and
Officials of the Peabody Museum have determined that, pursuant to
25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(D), the cultural items have ongoing historical,
traditional, and cultural importance central to the tribe and could not
have been alienated, appropriated, or conveyed by any individual tribal
member. Officials of the Peabody Museum also have determined that,
pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group
identity that can be reasonably traced between the two objects of
cultural patrimony and the Bois Forte (Nett Lake) Band of the Minnesota
Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the objects of cultural patrimony should
contact Patricia Capone, Repatriation Coordinator, Peabody Museum of
Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, 11 Divinity Avenue,
Cambridge, MA 02138, telephone (617) 496-3702, before September 29,
2006. Repatriation of the objects of cultural patrimony to the Bois
Forte (Nett Lake) Band of the Minnesota Chippewa, Minnesota may proceed
after that date if no additional claimants come forward.
The Peabody Museum is responsible for notifying Bois Forte (Nett
Lake) Band of the Minnesota Chippewa, Minnesota that this notice has
Dated: August 14, 2006.
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E6-14471 Filed 8-29-06; 8:45 am]
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