FR Doc 05-24509
[Federal Register: December 28, 2005 (Volume 70, Number 248)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service, Interior.
Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Thomas Burke
Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is hereby given in accordance with the Native American
Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the
intent to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Thomas
Burke Memorial Washington State Museum (Burke Museum), University of
Washington, Seattle, WA, that meet the definition of ``unassociated
funerary objects'' under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The
determinations in this notice are the sold responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural
items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determinations in this notice.
The 12 cultural items are 7 beaded necklaces (beads include glass
trade beads, shell beads, and copper beads), 1 bracelet, 3 sets of pipe
fragments, and 1 piece of twine.
At an unknown date, the 12 cultural items were removed from a small
island just upriver from Blalock Island in the lower Columbia River,
Benton County, WA, by Mr. John Tomaske, an archaeology graduate student
of the University of Washington. In 1960, the cultural items were
donated to the University of Washington Department of Anthropology, and
subsequently transferred to the Burke Museum and accessioned in 1973
(Burke Accn. 1973-8). Accession information indicated the
presence of burials at the site. According to Mr. Tomaske, the burials
had previously been disturbed and exhibited evidence of cremation. The
human remains are not in the possession of the Burke Museum.
The small island just upriver from Blalock Island described in
museum records could be Cook's Island, which was formerly recorded as
containing cremation burials. Archaeological evidence for Cook's Island
supports the presence of cremation burials. Cremation and burial on
islands in the Columbia River were customary practices of the Umatilla.
It was also the practice of the Umatilla that individuals were buried
with many of their personal belongings. The area surrounding Blalock
Island was heavily utilized by the Umatilla, including ama'amapa, which
served as a habitation area, burial site, and stronghold from enemies.
On Blalock Island, and along the Washington side of the Columbia River,
the Umatilla had a permanent camp, Yep-po-luc-sha (or Yep-po-kuc-sha),
as well as a fishing area.
Burial practices and funerary objects described are consistent with
historic practices of the present-day Confederated Tribes of the
Umatilla Reservation, Oregon. The area surrounding Blalock Island is
within the aboriginal territory of the Confederated Tribes of the
Umatilla Reservation, Oregon and the land claims boundaries of the
Indian Claims Commission decision of 1960.
Officials of the Burke Museum have determined that, pursuant to 25
U.S.C. 3001(3)(B), the 12 cultural items described above are reasonably
believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at
the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony and
are believed, by a preponderance of the evidence, to have been removed
from a specific burial site of a Native American individual. Officials
of the Burke Museum also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C.
3001(2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be
reasonably traced between funerary objects and the Confederated Tribes
of the Umatilla Reservation, Oregon.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should
contact Dr. Peter Lape, Burke Museum, University of Washington, Box
353010, Seattle, WA 98195-3010, telephone (206) 685-2282, before
January 27, 2006. Repatriation of the unassociated funerary objects to
the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation, Oregon may proceed
after that date if no additional claimants come forward.
The Burke Museum is responsible for notifying the Confederated
Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation, Oregon that this notice has been
Dated: December 6, 2005.
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 05-24509 Filed 12-27-05; 8:45 am]
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