FR Doc 05-23871
[Federal Register: December 9, 2005 (Volume 70, Number 236)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: New York State
Museum, Albany, NY
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent
to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the New York State
Museum, Albany, NY, that meet the definition of ``sacred objects''
under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural
items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determinations in this notice.
At an unknown date, Harriet Maxwell Converse of New York City, NY,
acquired six carved wooden masks known as False Face masks or
Kakhonsas. According to museum records, Mrs. Converse was a frequent
visitor to the Six Nations Reserve, Ontario, Canada, and the six
Kakhonsas may have been collected there. In 1898, Mrs. Converse donated
the Kakhonsas to the New York State Museum. Museum records identify the
Kakhonsas as Canadian Mohawk. Mask number E-47 is black with long gray
hair and round brass eyes, and is approximately 12 inches long and 6 1/
2 inches wide. Mask number E-4336 is greenish-brown and is 11 1/4
inches long and 7 inches wide. Mask number E-36921 is black with long
black hair and round tin eyes and is 9 1/2 inches long and 6 inches
wide. Mask number E-37618 is reddish brown with tin eyes and is 11
inches high and 6 inches wide. Mask number E-37024 is red with black
features and tin eyes, and is 11 3/4 inches high and 7 inches wide.
Mask number E-37029 is red and black with a crooked nose and is 11 3/4
inches long and 6 3/4 inches wide.
Mohawk traditional religious leaders identify the Kakhonsas as
needed for the practice of traditional Native American religions by
present-day adherents. Oral evidence presented during consultation by
representatives of the St. Regis Band of Mohawk Indians of New York and
Mohawk Nation Council of Chiefs representatives, and museum
documentation indicate that the Kakhonsas are culturally affiliated
with the Mohawk.
The Mohawk people traditionally occupied the middle Mohawk Valley
and northeastern upstate New York. As early as the 17th century, some
Mohawk began moving north into settlements on the St. Lawrence River,
including St. Regis, NY. By the end of the American Revolution in 1784,
most Mohawk had settled in Canada, including the Six Nations Reserve in
In the United States, the Mohawk people are represented by the
Mohawk Nation Council of Chiefs and the federally recognized St. Regis
Band of Mohawk Indians of New York. The St. Regis Band of Mohawk
Indians of New York is part of the Mohawk Nation. The six masks were
probably collected at the Six Nations Reserve in Ontario, Canada. The
Mohawks on the Six Nations Reserve in Ontario, represented by the Six
Nations Confederacy Council, supports the Mohawk traditional religious
leaders' claim for these cultural items. Furthermore, the St.
Regis Band of Mohawk Indians of New York have informed the New York
State Museum that the tribe and the Mohawk Nation Council of Chiefs are
acting in conjunction with the Mohawk community of Canada in this
Officials of the New York State Museum have determined that,
pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(C), the six cultural items described
above are specific ceremonial items needed by traditional Native
American religious leaders for the practice of traditional Native
American religions by their present-day adherents. Officials of the New
York State Museum also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001
(2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be
reasonably traced between the sacred objects and the St. Regis Band of
Mohawk Indians of New York and the Mohawk Nation Council of Chiefs.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the sacred objects should contact Lisa
Anderson, NAGPRA Coordinator, New York State Museum, 3122 Cultural
Education Center, Albany, NY 12230, telephone (518) 486-2020 before
January 9, 2006. Repatriation of the sacred objects to the St. Regis
Band of Mohawk Indians of New York may proceed after that date if no
additional claimants come forward.
New York State Museum is responsible for notifying the Six Nations
Reserve, Ontario, Canada and St. Regis Band of Mohawk Indians of New
York that this notice has been published.
Dated: October 11, 2005
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 05-23871 Filed 12-8-05; 8:45 am]
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