FR Doc 04-20650
[Federal Register: September 14, 2004 (Volume 69, Number 177)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: American Museum of
Natural History, New York, NY
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent
to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the American Museum
of Natural History, New York, NY, that meet the definition of
unassociated funerary objects'' under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural
items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determinations in this notice.
The two cultural items are a partial stone pipe and the handle of a
stone club. The partial pipe, which appears to be about half of the
original object, is a sculpted tubular pipe made of steatite. The bowl
of the pipe is carved with an anthropomorphic design. The club handle
is made of stone and is carved with a zoomorphic design.
In August 1902, W.F. Sonderman of Kennewick, WA, found the partial
pipe in an ``Indian grave'' during the construction of an irrigation
canal. The grave was located about 1/4 mile from the bank of the Yakima
River at a point about 9 miles above its mouth. The museum acquired the
pipe from Harlan I. Smith, who had purchased it from Mr. Sonderman. The
museum accessioned the item in 1903.
At an unknown date, D.W. Owens collected the stone club handle on
Blalock Island, Benton County, WA, which he gifted to the museum in
The locale of the two unassociated funerary objects is consistent
with the postcontact territory of the Confederated Tribes of the
Umatilla Reservation, Oregon. Mr. Sonderman indicated that the pipe was
associated with glass beads, a metallic handle, and buttons, suggesting
a postcontact date for the burial. The glass beads, metallic handle,
and buttons were not part of the purchase made by Mr. Smith. According
to experts of Plateau archeology, carved stone clubs have been found
exclusively in burials on the Plateau. The Confederated Tribes of the
Umatilla Reservation, Oregon has indicated that Blalock Island contains
Umatilla habitation sites and that this type of stone club is commonly
found in burials and cremations along the Columbia River. It is
documented that burials on Blalock Island date to the postcontact
period, which suggests that the club handle is from the postcontact
period or from a postcontact burial.
Officials of the American Museum of Natural History have determined
that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(B), the cultural items are
reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human
remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or
ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance of the evidence, to have
been removed from a specific burial site of a Native American
individual. Officials of the American Museum of Natural History also
have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a
relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced
between the unassociated funerary objects and the Confederated Tribes
of the Umatilla Reservation, Oregon.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should
contact Nell Murphy, Director of Cultural Resources, American Museum of
Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10024,
telephone (212) 769-5837, before October 14, 2004. Repatriation of the
unassociated funerary objects to the Confederated Tribes of the
Umatilla Reservation, Oregon may proceed after that date if no
additional claimants come forward.
The American Museum of Natural History is responsible for notifying
the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation, Oregon that this
notice has been published.
Dated: July 8, 2004.
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources.
[FR Doc. 04-20650 Filed 9-13-04; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-S
Back to the top
Back to National NAGPRA