FR Doc 03-25531
[Federal Register: October 8, 2003 (Volume 68, Number 195)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Brooklyn Museum of
Art, Brooklyn, NY
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.8 (f), of the
intent to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Brooklyn
Museum of Art, Brooklyn, NY, that meet the definition of sacred objects
and cultural patrimony under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of
the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the
cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determinations within this notice.
The 11 cultural items are 1 tobacco pipe and pouch, 1 necklace, 1
pair of women's moccasins, 2 war caps, 1 war slat armor, 3 fiber caps,
1 set of arrows, and 1 dance whistle.
During an expedition to California in 1905, the curator of the
Brooklyn Museum of Art, Mr. Stewart Culin, purchased the cultural items
from Yurok individuals in Yurok villages.
Museum records and information provided during consultation
indicate that the cultural items are affiliated with the Yurok Tribe of
the Yurok Reservation, California. Tribal representatives identified
the pipe and pouch as items used by Yurok medicine people in the
preparation for Pir-wai (White Deerskin Dance), Wo-neek-wo-ley-go (Jump
Dance), Mey-lee' (Brush Dance), Ray-ma (Kick Dance), and Lo-geen (Fish
Dam) ceremonies. The deer hoof necklace, women's moccasins, war caps,
and slat armor were identified as ceremonial objects associated with
the War Dance. The fiber caps and set of arrows were identified as
associated with the Brush Dance, and the dance whistle with the White
Deerskin Dance. The Yurok tribe identified the cultural items as sacred
and inalienable ceremonial objects, which were obtained without the
consent of an appropriate Yurok authority. The Yurok tribe believes
that if the cultural items were sold to Mr. Culin, the seller was not
the rightful owner, because Yurok law prohibits the sale of ceremonial
Officials of the Brooklyn Museum of Art have determined that,
pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(C), the 11 cultural items described
above are specific ceremonial objects needed by traditional Native
American religious leaders for the practice of traditional Native
American religions by their present-day adherents. Officials of the
Brooklyn Museum of Art also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C.
3001 (3)(D), the 11 cultural items described above have ongoing
historical, traditional, and cultural importance central to the tribe
itself, and are of such central importance that they may not be
alienated, appropriated, or conveyed, by any individual tribal or
organization member. Lastly, officials of the Brooklyn Museum of Art
have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a
relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced
between the sacred objects/cultural patrimony and the Yurok Tribe of
the Yurok Reservation, California.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with these sacred objects/cultural patrimony
should contact Elizabeth Reynolds, Chief Registrar, Brooklyn Museum of
Art, 200 Eastern Parkway, Brooklyn, NY 11238, telephone (718) 501-6339,
before November 7, 2003. Repatriation of the sacred objects/cultural
patrimony to the Yurok Tribe of the Yurok Reservation, California may
proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward.
The Brooklyn Museum of Art is responsible for notifying the Yurok
Tribe of the Yurok Reservation, California that this notice has been
Dated: August 4, 2003.
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources.
[FR Doc. 03-25531 Filed 10-7-03; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-S
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