[Federal Register: July 14, 1998 (Volume 63, Number 134)]
[Notices]
[Page 37906-37907]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr14jy98-104]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items from San Diego
County, CA in the Possession of the San Diego Historical Society, San
Diego, CA

AGENCY: National Park Service

ACTION: Notice

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    Notice is hereby given under the Native American Graves Protection
and Repatriation Act, 43 CFR 10.10 (a)(3), of the intent to repatriate
cultural items from San Diego County, CA in the possession of the San
Diego Historical Society, San Diego, CA which meet the definition of
``sacred object'' under Section 2 of the Act.
    The seven cultural items consist of one clay tube pipe (San Diego
County Indian type), one dark brown ceramic pipe (San Diego County
Indian type), one ceramic tube pipe (San Diego County Indian type), one
ceramic ``elbow'' pipe (Sand Diego County Indian type), three steatite
tube pipes, and one healing tube (San Diego Indian type).
    In 1945, a healing tube was donated to the San Diego Historical
Society by (?) Kimball. At an unknown date, the ceramic tube pipe was
made by Julio Artega, and there is no other accession information. At
an unknown date, three steatite tube pipes were found at Potrero, and
there is no other accession information, but are noted in museum
records as ``Chumash'' pipes. At an unknown date, a dark brown ceramic
pipe was donated to the San Diego Historical Society. At an unknown
date, a gray clay ``elbow'' pipe was donated to the San Diego
Historical Society.
    Although museum records state three of these cultural items are
Chumash in origin, representatives of the Pechanga Band of Luiseno
Mission Indians of the Pechanga Reservation state that the appearance
of all of these cultural items

[[Page 37907]]

appear to be of a Luiseno style, and have presented additional
anthropological sources on Southern Californian Indian material
culture. The Potrero site is a known sacred and ceremonial site used by
the Pechanga Band, and the San Diego Historical Society has concluded
the pipes from the Potrero site were mis-identified as Chumash and are
of Luiseno or Pechanga origin. Consultation with representatives of the
Pechanga Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Pechanga Reservation
also indicates these items are needed by traditional religious leaders
for the practice of traditional Native American religion by present-day
adherents.
    Officials of the San Diego Historical Society have determined that,
pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(3), these seven cultural items are specific
ceremonial objects needed by traditional Native American religious
leaders for the practice of traditional Native American religions by
their present-day adherents. Officials of the San Diego Historical
Society have also determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there
is a relationship of shared group identity which can be reasonably
traced between these items and the Pechanga Band of Luiseno Mission
Indians of the Pechanga Reservation.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Pechanga Band of
Luiseno Mission Indians of the Pechanga Reservation, Barona Group of
the Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians, Campo Band of Mission
Indians, Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians, Cuapaipe Band of
Mission Indians, Inaja Band of Mission Indians, Jamul Band of Mission
Indians, La Jolla Band of Mission Indians, La Posta Band of Mission
Indians, Los Coyotes Band of Mission Indians, Manzanita Band of Mission
Indians, Mesa Grande Band of Mission Indians, Pechanga Band of Luiseno
Mission Indians of the Pechanga Reservation, Pauma Band of Mission
Indians, Rincon Band of Mission Indians, San Pasqual Band of Mission
Indians, Santa Ysabel Band of Mission Indians, Sycuan Band of Mission
Indians, and Viejas Band of Mission Indians. Representatives of any
other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated
with these objects should contact Tammie Bennett, Registrar, San Diego
Historical Society, P. O. Box 81825, San Diego, CA 92138; telephone
(619) 232-6203, ext. 120, fax (619) 232-6297 before August 13, 1998.
Repatriation of these objects to the Pechanga Band of Luiseno Mission
Indians of the Pechanga Reservation may begin after that date if no
additional claimants come forward.
    The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations
within this notice.
Dated: June 29, 1998.
Francis P. McManamon,
Departmental Consulting Archeologist,
Manager, Archeology and Ethnography Program.
[FR Doc. 98-18623 Filed 7-13-98; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F

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