[Federal Register: January 12, 1998 (Volume 63, Number 7)]
[Notices]
[Page 1872-1873]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr12ja98-92]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Intent to Repatriate a Cultural Item in the Possession
of the Oklahoma Historical Society, Oklahoma City, OK

AGENCY: National Park Service

ACTION: Notice

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    Notice is hereby given under the Native American Graves Protection
and Repatriation Act, 43 CFR 10.10 (a)(3), of the intent to repatriate
a cultural item in the possession of the Oklahoma Historical Society,
Oklahoma City, OK which meets the definition of ``sacred object'' and
``object of cultural patrimony'' under 43 CFR 10.2 (d).
    The cultural item is a pipe consisting of a unworked tubular L-
shaped catlinite bowl and wooden stem. The wooden stem is carved in
alternating spiral and disc shapes, and the spiral sections have
yellow, blue, and red paints applied. Attached to the stem is one
broken semi-tanned thong and two additional thongs threaded through
five tubular bone sections followed by a tin cone at the end.

[[Page 1873]]

    In 1928, this pipe was donated to the Oklahoma Historical Society
by Mr. W.T. Gault (Goit Collection). Donor information indicates that
W.P. Campbell collected this pipe in Oklahoma City in 1911 from Burnt-
All-Over. Accession records list this pipe as ``Cheyenne.'' However, a
1914 publication of the Society's Historia states that Mr. Goit
``received these items directly from the hands of the original owners''
and that the donation was actually made in 1914.
    No information is known by the Oklahoma Historical Society or has
been presented by the Northern Cheyenne Tribe of Montana regarding the
pipe's possession by Burnt-All-Over (1837-1917). Oral tradition
evidence presented by representatives of the Northern Cheyenne Tribe of
Montana, including Mr. James Blackwolf, Keeper of the Sacred Medicine
Hat Bundle, indicates this pipe originally came from the Sacred
Medicine Hat Bundle. Representatives of the Northern Cheyenne Tribe of
Montana have indicated this pipe is necessary for the practice of
traditional Native American religion by present-day adherents.
Representatives of the Northern Cheyenne have further stated that
``This Pipe was and still is essential to the wholeness and well-being
of the Sacred Hat, a sacred covenant of the Cheyenne People which has
been with them since time immemorial.'' Finally, representatives of the
Northern Cheyenne Tribe of Montana have stated that this pipe has
ongoing historical, traditional, and cultural importance central to the
culture itself and could not be alienated by any individual.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the Oklahoma
Historical Society have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2
(d)(3), this cultural item is specific ceremonial objects needed by
traditional Native American religious leaders for the practice of
traditional Native American religions by their present-day adherents.
Officials of the Oklahoma Historical Society have determined that,
pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(4), this cultural item has ongoing
historical, traditional, and cultural importance central to the culture
itself, and could not have been alienated, appropriated, or conveyed by
any individual. Officials of the Oklahoma Historical Society have also
determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a relationship
of shared group identity which can be reasonably traced between this
item and the Northern Cheyenne Tribe of Montana.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Cheyenne and Arapaho
Tribes of Oklahoma and the Northern Cheyenne Tribe of Montana.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be
culturally affiliated with these objects should contact Jeffrey Briley,
Registrar, Oklahoma Historical Society, 2100 N. Lincoln Blvd., Oklahoma
City, OK 73105; telephone: (405) 522-5247 before February 11, 1998.
Repatriation of these objects to the Northern Cheyenne Tribe of Montana
may begin after that date if no additional claimants come forward.
    The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations
within this notice.
Dated: January 6, 1998.
Francis P. McManamon,
Departmental Consulting Archeologist,
Manager, Archeology and Ethnography Program.
[FR Doc. 98-659 Filed 1-9-98; 8:45 am]
BILLING Code 4310-70-F

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