[Federal Register Volume 76, Number 229 (Tuesday, November 29, 2011)]
[Notices]
[Pages 73670-73673]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2011-30626]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

[2253-665]


Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Michigan Museum of 
Anthropology, Ann Arbor, MI

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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SUMMARY: The University of Michigan has completed an inventory of human 
remains and associated funerary objects, in consultation with the 
appropriate Indian tribes, and has determined that there is no cultural 
affiliation between the remains and any present-day Indian tribe. 
Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes itself to be 
culturally affiliated with the human remains may contact the University 
of Michigan Office of the Vice President for Research. Disposition of 
the human remains and associated funerary objects to the Indian tribes 
stated below may occur if no additional requestors come forward.

DATES: Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes it has a 
cultural affiliation with the human remains should contact the 
University of Michigan Office of the Vice President for Research at the 
address below by December 29, 2011.

ADDRESSES: Dr. Ben Secunda, NAGPRA Project Manager, Office of the Vice 
President for Research, University of Michigan, 4080 Fleming Building, 
503 Thompson Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1340, telephone (734) 647-
9085.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the 
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 
U.S.C. 3003, of the completion of an inventory of human remains and 
associated funerary objects in the possession of the University of 
Michigan. The human remains and associated funerary objects were 
removed from three sites in Mackinac County, MI.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3) and 
43 CFR 10.11(d). The determinations in this notice are the sole 
responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has 
control of the Native American human remains. The National Park Service 
is not responsible for the determinations in this notice.

Consultation

    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by University 
of Michigan officials and its Museum of Anthropology NAGPRA collections 
staff in consultation with representatives of the Bay Mills Indian 
Community, Michigan; Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa 
Indians, Michigan; Hannahville Indian Community, Michigan; Keweenaw Bay 
Indian Community, Michigan; Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior 
Chippewa Indians, Michigan; Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, 
Michigan; Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan; Match-
e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Potawatomi Indians of Michigan; Nottawaseppi

[[Page 73671]]

Huron Band of the Potawatomi, Michigan (formerly the Huron Potawatomi, 
Inc.); Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, Michigan and Indiana; 
Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan; and the Sault Ste. Marie 
Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Michigan (hereinafter referred to as ``The 
Tribes'').
    Additional requests for consultation were sent to the Absentee-
Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; Bad River Band of the Lake 
Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians of the Bad River Reservation, 
Wisconsin; Bois Forte Band (Nett Lake) of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, 
Minnesota; Chippewa-Cree Indians of the Rocky Boy's Reservation, 
Montana; Citizen Potawatomi Nation, Oklahoma; Delaware Nation, 
Oklahoma; Delaware Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma; Eastern Shawnee Tribe of 
Oklahoma; Fond du Lac Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota; 
Forest County Potawatomi Community, Wisconsin; Grand Portage Band of 
the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota; Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of 
Texas; Kickapoo Tribe of Indians of the Kickapoo Reservation in Kansas; 
Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma; Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior 
Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin; Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior 
Chippewa Indians of the Lac du Flambeau Reservation of Wisconsin; Leech 
Lake Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota; Miami Tribe of 
Oklahoma; Mille Lacs Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota; 
Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma; Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; Prairie 
Band of Potawatomi Nation, Kansas; Quechan Tribe of the Fort Yuma 
Indian Reservation, California and Arizona; Red Cliff Band of Lake 
Superior Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin; Red Lake Band of Chippewa 
Indians, Minnesota; Sokaogon Chippewa Community, Wisconsin; St. Croix 
Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin; Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians 
of North Dakota; White Earth Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, 
Minnesota; and the Wyandotte Nation, Oklahoma.

History and Description of the Remains

    In 1932, Robert Braidwood of the University of Michigan discovered 
human remains eroding from the surface while conducting an 
archeological survey of mounds comprising the Juntunen and Arrowhead 
Drive Sites in Mackinac County, MI. Between the initial 1932 discovery 
and 1960, human remains representing, at minimum, 76 individuals were 
excavated from the Juntunen Site. In 1959, Mr. Charles Juntunen, the 
landowner of the site, found the human remains while preparing a road 
using a bulldozer. Mr. Juntunen contacted the University of Michigan to 
salvage the remains, and Alan McPherron and James Griffin conducted 
multiple excavations. The Juntunen Site contains five ossuaries (one 
large and four small, both defined by secondary-burials), one infant 
burial, and additional human remains collected from the surface of a 
mound. The largest ossuary discovered at the site consisted of a lower 
burial pit (Feature 10) separated by a sterile layer of soil from an 
upper burial pit (Feature 11), both of which were lined with birch 
bark. At minimum, 33 individuals were found in this ossuary buried in 
bundles, with a high number of individuals exhibiting pathological 
expressions of tuberculosis in conjunction with chronic vitamin 
deficiencies. The four smaller ossuaries contained, at minimum, 32 
individuals. Additionally, an infant burial was discovered in a pit 
that was covered by a collapsed log roof. Human remains were also 
recovered from the surface of the site representing, at minimum, 10 
individuals. No known individuals were identified. There are 71 
associated funerary objects including: 1 medicine bundle containing 2 
stone points; 1 red ground stone or palette; 2 ground stones; 3 flint 
cores; 13 stone flakes; 3 bone chisels; 3 harpoon heads; 2 small bone 
awls; 2 large bone awls; 1 otter skull with soil; 1 lot consisting of a 
strike-a-light kit--iron pyrite, flint, and ``skitaagin; '' 1 copper 
awl; 1 bone punch or splinter with polished tips; 1 lot of twined 
textile fragments from the medicine bag; 2 miniature ceramic vessels; 
29 shell and fish beads; 1 lot of approximately 700 Marginella shells 
that formed a shell beaded band or belt; and 3 lots of soil from the 
largest ossuary.
    McPherron and Griffin noted a long history of occupation at the 
site. Archeological analysis suggests that the location was used as a 
large, seasonal fishing camp during the Late Woodland period. The 
burials were found to date between 1200-1400 A.D. based on ceramic 
typology and Carbon 14 analysis. The burial treatments found at the 
site and in the ossuaries are consistent with the time period.
    In 1963, human remains representing, at minimum, seven individuals 
(1 elderly male, 3 adult females, 2 adult males, and 1 infant/neonate) 
were excavated from Arrowhead Drive Site by Charles Eyman of the 
University of Michigan. No known individuals were identified. The 20 
associated funerary objects include: 1 medicine bundle containing 7 
chert fragments; 1 animal bone lot with beaver incisors, black bear 
maxilla, bird and mammal bones; 8 stone fragments including specular 
hematite; 1 lot of the remains of a skin bag; 1 lot of shell and soil; 
1 antler tool with a beaver incisor found near Burial 7; and 1 lot of 
ceramic sherds from two partial vessels.
    This site is adjacent to the Juntunen Site; however, the mortuary 
treatment of the human remains buried at Arrowhead Drive show primary 
interment in the mound, whereas burials at the Juntunen site were 
interred in secondary bundles. Individuals at this site also show more 
cavities and tooth wear than those from the adjacent excavation. The 
burial feature at this site was found to date between 70 B.C.-170 A.D. 
based on Carbon 14 dating and diagnostic artifacts, falling within the 
Middle Woodland period and pre-dating the Juntunen Site by more than 
1,000 years.
    Sometime prior to 1924, human remains representing, at minimum one 
individual were removed from an unknown site in Saint Ignace, MI. The 
University of Michigan Museum of Anthropology purchased the human 
remains from Reverend L. P. Rowland in November of 1924 as part of a 
larger collection known as the ``Rowland Collection,'' which spans 
approximately 1,000 archeological and ethnographic objects from various 
locations in North America. No information on provenience is present 
except a reference to Saint Ignace, MI on the catalog card. Individual 
number 1276 was determined to be a middle aged adult 30-50 years of 
age, possibly female with cranial modifications from cradle boarding. 
No known individuals were identified. No funerary objects are present.

Determinations Made by the University of Michigan

    Officials of the University of Michigan have determined that:
     Based on cranial morphology, dental traits, as well as the 
pottery and artifacts associated with the burials that all pre-date the 
contact period the human remains are determined to be Native American.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), a relationship of shared 
group identity cannot be reasonably traced between the Native American 
human remains and any present-day Indian tribe.
     According to final judgments of the Indian Claims 
Commission, the land from which the Native American human remains and 
associated funerary objects, were removed is the aboriginal land of the 
Bad River Band of the Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians of the 
Bad

[[Page 73672]]

River Reservation, Wisconsin; Bay Mills Indian Community, Michigan; 
Bois Forte Band (Nett Lake) of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota; 
Chippewa-Cree Indians of the Rocky Boy's Reservation, Montana; Fond du 
Lac Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota; Grand Portage Band 
of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota; Grand Traverse Band of 
Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Michigan; Keweenaw Bay Indian Community, 
Michigan; Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of 
Wisconsin; Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of 
the Lac du Flambeau Reservation of Wisconsin; Lac Vieux Desert Band of 
Lake Superior Chippewa Indians, Michigan; Leech Lake Band of the 
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota; Little River Band of Ottawa 
Indians, Michigan; Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, 
Michigan; Mille Lacs Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota; 
Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma; Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa 
Indians of Wisconsin; Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians, Minnesota; 
Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan; Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of 
Chippewa Indians of Michigan; Sokaogon Chippewa Community, Wisconsin; 
St. Croix Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin; Turtle Mountain Band of 
Chippewa Indians of North Dakota; and the White Earth Band of the 
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota.
     Multiple lines of evidence, including treaties, Acts of 
Congress, and Executive Orders, indicate that the land from which the 
Native American human remains and associated funerary objects were 
removed is the aboriginal land of the Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians 
of Oklahoma; Bad River Band of the Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa 
Indians of the Bad River Reservation, Wisconsin; Bay Mills Indian 
Community, Michigan; Bois Forte Band (Nett Lake) of the Minnesota 
Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota; Chippewa-Cree Indians of the Rocky Boy's 
Reservation, Montana; Citizen Potawatomi Nation, Oklahoma; Delaware 
Nation, Oklahoma; Delaware Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma; Eastern Shawnee 
Tribe of Oklahoma; Fond du Lac Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, 
Minnesota; Forest County Potawatomi Community, Wisconsin; Grand Portage 
Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota; Grand Traverse Band of 
Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Michigan; Hannahville Indian Community, 
Michigan; Keweenaw Bay Indian Community, Michigan; Kickapoo Traditional 
Tribe of Texas; Kickapoo Tribe of Indians of the Kickapoo Reservation 
in Kansas; Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma; Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake 
Superior Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin; Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake 
Superior Chippewa Indians of the Lac du Flambeau Reservation of 
Wisconsin; Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians, 
Michigan; Leech Lake Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota; 
Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, Michigan; Little Traverse Bay 
Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan; Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of 
Pottawatomi Indians of Michigan; Miami Tribe of Oklahoma; Mille Lacs 
Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota; Nottawaseppi Huron 
Band of the Potawatomi, Michigan (formerly the Huron Potawatomi, Inc.); 
Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma; Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; Pokagon 
Band of Potawatomi Indians, Michigan and Indiana; Prairie Band of 
Potawatomi Nation, Kansas; Quechan Tribe of the Fort Yuma Indian 
Reservation, California and Arizona; Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior 
Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin; Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians, 
Minnesota; Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan; Sault Ste. Marie 
Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Michigan; Shawnee Tribe, Oklahoma; 
Sokaogon Chippewa Community, Wisconsin; St. Croix Chippewa Indians of 
Wisconsin; Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians of North Dakota; 
White Earth Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota; and the 
Wyandotte Nation, Oklahoma.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described 
in this notice represent the physical remains of 84 individuals of 
Native American ancestry.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(A), the 91 objects described 
above are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near 
individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the 
death rite or ceremony.
     Pursuant to 43 CFR 10.11(c)(1), the disposition of the 
human remains is to The Tribes.

Additional Requestors and Disposition

    Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes itself to be 
culturally affiliated with the human remains or any other Indian tribe 
that believes it satisfies the criteria in 43 CFR 10.11(c)(1) should 
contact Dr. Ben Secunda, NAGPRA Project Manager, University of 
Michigan, Office of the Vice President for Research, 4080 Fleming 
Building, 503 Thompson St., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1340, telephone 
(734) 647-9085, before December 29, 2011. Disposition of the human 
remains to The Tribes may proceed after that date if no additional 
requestors come forward.
    The University of Michigan Office of the Vice President for 
Research is responsible for notifying the Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of 
Indians of Oklahoma; Bad River Band of the Lake Superior Tribe of 
Chippewa Indians of the Bad River Reservation, Wisconsin; Bay Mills 
Indian Community, Michigan; Bois Forte Band (Nett Lake) of the 
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota; Chippewa-Cree Indians of the Rocky 
Boy's Reservation, Montana; Citizen Potawatomi Nation, Oklahoma; 
Delaware Nation, Oklahoma; Delaware Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma; Eastern 
Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma; Fond du Lac Band of the Minnesota Chippewa 
Tribe, Minnesota; Forest County Potawatomi Community, Wisconsin; Grand 
Portage Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota; Grand Traverse 
Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Michigan; Hannahville Indian 
Community, Michigan; Keweenaw Bay Indian Community, Michigan; Kickapoo 
Traditional Tribe of Texas; Kickapoo Tribe of Indians of the Kickapoo 
Reservation in Kansas; Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma; Lac Courte Oreilles 
Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin; Lac du Flambeau 
Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of the Lac du Flambeau 
Reservation of Wisconsin; Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior 
Chippewa Indians, Michigan; Leech Lake Band of the Minnesota Chippewa 
Tribe, Minnesota; Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, Michigan; Little 
Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan; Match-e-be-nash-she-wish 
Band of Pottawatomi Indians of Michigan; Miami Tribe of Oklahoma; Mille 
Lacs Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota; Nottawaseppi 
Huron Band of the Potawatomi, Michigan (formerly the Huron Potawatomi, 
Inc.); Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma; Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; 
Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, Michigan and Indiana; Prairie Band 
of Potawatomi Nation, Kansas; Quechan Tribe of the Fort Yuma Indian 
Reservation, California and Arizona; Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior 
Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin; Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians, 
Minnesota; Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan; Sault Ste. Marie 
Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Michigan; Shawnee Tribe, Oklahoma; 
Sokaogon Chippewa Community, Wisconsin; St. Croix Chippewa Indians of 
Wisconsin; Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians of North Dakota;

[[Page 73673]]

White Earth Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota; and the 
Wyandotte Nation, Oklahoma that this notice has been published.

    Dated: November 22, 2011.
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2011-30626 Filed 11-28-11; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-P








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