FR Doc E9-31221[Federal Register: January 5, 2010 (Volume 75, Number 2)]
[Notices]               
[Page 436-438]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr05ja10-107]                         

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service
 
Notice of Inventory Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington 
State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

    Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves 
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the 
completion of an inventory of human remains and associated funerary 
objects in the control of the Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State 
Museum (Burke Museum), University of Washington, Seattle, WA. The human 
remains and associated funerary objects were removed from King County, 
WA.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). 
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native 
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National 
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by Burke Museum 
professional staff in consultation with representatives of the 
Muckleshoot Indian Tribe of the Muckleshoot Reservation, Washington; 
Puyallup Tribe of the Puyallup Reservation, Washington; Sauk-Suiattle 
Indian Tribe of Washington; Snoqualmie Tribe, Washington; Suquamish 
Indian Tribe of the Port Madison Reservation, Washington; and Tulalip 
Tribes of the Tulalip Reservation, Washington.
    In 1920, human remains representing a minimum of one individual 
were removed from near Laurelhurst in King County, WA, during 
construction by a steam shovel crew. The human remains were transferred 
to the King County Coroner's Office and subsequently transferred to the 
Burke Museum in 1920 (Burke Accn. 1811). No known individual 
was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    In 1963, human remains representing a minimum of one individual 
were removed from the Seattle Tennis Club

[[Page 437]]

land, King County, WA, during an excavation of the Seattle Tennis Club. 
In 1963, the human remains were donated to the Burke Museum by Mr. and 
Mrs. Ralph W. Nicholson and Dr. Helen Schuster (Burke Accn. 
1963-76). No known individual was identified. No associated 
funerary objects are present.
    The above-mentioned human remains have been determined to be Native 
American based on a variety of sources, including archeological and 
biological evidence. The human remains were determined to be consistent 
with Native American morphology, as evidenced either through cranial 
deformation, bossing of the cranium, presence of wormian bones, or 
shovel shaped incisors. Information available in the original accession 
files helped affirm the determination.
    Both sites are on the western shore of Lake Washington and near 
Union Bay. This area falls within the Southern Lushootseed language 
group of Salish cultures. The Duwamish people primarily occupied this 
area, specifically the Lake people and the Thluwi'thalbsh band (Swanton 
1952:423). In the 1870s, as the City of Seattle developed, the Lake 
people were pushed out to other areas, including the Muckleshoot, 
Suquamish, and Tulalip reservations. The Lake people also joined the 
Snoqualmie people on Lake Sammamish and in the Snoqualmie River 
drainage (Miller and Blukis Onat 2004:109). Descendants of the Lake 
people are members of the present-day Muckleshoot Indian Tribe of the 
Muckleshoot Reservation, Washington; Snoqualmie Tribe, Washington; 
Suquamish Indian Tribe of the Port Madison Reservation, Washington; and 
Tulalip Tribes of the Tulalip Reservation, Washington.
    In 1930, human remains representing a minimum of two individuals 
were removed from the Denny Regrade, Seattle, King County, WA. The 
human remains were discovered with cedar bark over them during 
construction of the Denny Regrade, and collected by E.S. Harrar of the 
University of Washington, College of Forestry. The human remains were 
transferred to the Burke Museum in 1930 (Burke Accn. 2412). No 
known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are 
present.
    In 1930, human remains representing a minimum of two individuals 
were removed from the bank of the Duwamish River Ox Bow, Georgetown, 
King County, WA. The human remains were donated to the Burke Museum by 
Earl Burke and Charles D. McCormick in 1930 (Burke Accn. 2431 
and 2432). No known individuals were identified. The 100 associated 
funerary objects are 96 beads, 2 sea urchin shell fragments, and 2 
copper bracelets.
    The above-mentioned human remains have been determined to be Native 
American based on a variety of sources, including archeological and 
biological evidence. The human remains were determined to be consistent 
with Native American morphology, as evidenced either through cranial 
deformation, bossing of the cranium, presence of wormian bones, or 
shovel shaped incisors. Information available in the original accession 
files helped affirm the determination. Associated artifacts provided 
additional contextual information to confirm the human remains were 
buried consistent with Native American burial practices in the Puget 
Sound area.
    The above-mentioned sites are in an area surrounding Elliott Bay 
and the Duwamish River. This area falls within the Southern Lushootseed 
language group of Salish cultures. The Duwamish people primarily 
occupied this area (Ruby and Brown 1986:72). As per the terms of the 
1855 Point Elliot Treaty, the Duwamish were assigned to the Suquamish 
Reservation (called Fort Kitsap at the time). After 1856, due to 
violence between whites and Native Americans, as well as the 
competition over available resources, many Duwamish left the Suquamish 
Reservation. The Indian agent subsequently assigned the Duwamish to the 
Muckleshoot Reservation. The Duwamish people are represented by the 
present-day Muckleshoot Indian Tribe of the Muckleshoot Reservation, 
Washington; Snoqualmie Tribe, Washington; Suquamish Indian Tribe of the 
Port Madison Reservation, Washington; and Tulalip Tribes of the Tulalip 
Reservation, Washington.
    In 1963, human remains representing a minimum of one individual 
were removed from Kenmore, King County, WA. The remains were discovered 
by children digging near the water, and were transferred to the King 
County Coroner's Office. In 1963, the human remains were donated to the 
Burke Museum by Mr. and Mrs. Phillip E. Sharpe (Burke Accn. 
1963-71). No known individual was identified. No associated 
funerary objects are present.
    In 1927, human remains representing a minimum of one individual 
were removed from Bothell, Sammamish Slough, King County, WA. The human 
remains were found under a tree on the property of Dr. E.B. Fromm and 
were collected by J.W. There were two iron knives found with the human 
remains, and two stone tools and one dentalium shell were found in the 
cranium. In 1927, the human remains and associated funerary objects 
were donated to the Burke Museum (Burke Accn. 2181). In 1937, 
the associated funerary objects were discarded by the museum. No known 
individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    The above-mentioned human remains have been determined to be Native 
American based on a variety of sources, including archeological and 
biological evidence. The human remains were determined to be consistent 
with Native American morphology, as evidenced either through cranial 
deformation, bossing of the cranium, presence of wormian bones, or 
shovel shaped incisors. Information available in the original accession 
files helped affirm the determination.
    The above-mentioned human remains and funerary objects were removed 
from the area surrounding the mouth of the Sammamish River and 
northeastern Lake Washington. This area falls within the Southern 
Lushootseed language group of Salish cultures. The Sammamish people 
primarily occupied this area, (Ruby and Brown 1986, Suttles and Lane 
1990, Swanton 1952). The Sammamish people were closely related to the 
Duwamish people and other tribes in the area. As per the terms of the 
1855 Point Elliott Treaty, the Sammamish were assigned to the Tulalip 
Reservation. Many Sammamish people chose not to relocate to the Tulalip 
Reservation. The Sammamish people are represented by the present-day 
Muckleshoot Indian Tribe of the Muckleshoot Reservation, Washington; 
Snoqualmie Tribe, Washington; Suquamish Indian Tribe of the Port 
Madison Reservation, Washington; and Tulalip Tribes of the Tulalip 
Reservation, Washington.
    In 1932, human remains representing a minimum of one individual 
were removed from either southeast of Sea-Tac in King County, WA, or 
off Holman Road in Seattle, King County, WA. The human remains were 
transferred to the museum by the King County Coroner's Office in 1932 
(Burke Accn. 2602). The accession file lists two sets of 
remains associated with this record, however, there is only one set 
present in the collection. This individual does not have documentation 
as to which location it was removed. No known individual was 
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    The above-mentioned human remains have been determined to be Native 
American based on biological evidence. The human remains were 
determined to be consistent with Native American morphology.

[[Page 438]]

    The human remains were removed either from south of Seattle or 
northern Seattle. Both of these areas fall within the Southern 
Lushootseed language group of Salish cultures. The Duwamish people 
primarily occupied the Seattle area. The Muckleshoot tribe occupied the 
area south of Seattle. As per the terms of the 1855 Point Elliot 
Treaty, the Duwamish were assigned to the Suquamish Reservation (called 
Fort Kitsap at the time). After 1856, due to violence between whites 
and Native Americans, as well as the competition over available 
resources, many Duwamish left the Suquamish Reservation. The Duwamish 
people are represented by the present-day Muckleshoot Indian Tribe of 
the Muckleshoot Reservation, Washington; Snoqualmie Tribe, Washington; 
Suquamish Indian Tribe of the Port Madison Reservation, Washington; and 
Tulalip Tribes of the Tulalip Reservation, Washington.
    Officials of the Burke Museum have determined that, pursuant to 25 
U.S.C. 3001 (9- 10), the human remains listed above represent the 
physical remains of nine individuals of Native American ancestry. 
Officials of the Burke Museum also have determined that, pursuant to 25 
U.S.C. 3001 (3)(A), the 100 objects described above are reasonably 
believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at 
the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony. 
Lastly, officials of the Burke Museum have determined that, pursuant to 
25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity 
that can be reasonably traced between the Native American human remains 
and associated funerary objects and the Muckleshoot Indian Tribe of the 
Muckleshoot Reservation, Washington; Snoqualmie Tribe, Washington; 
Suquamish Indian Tribe of the Port Madison Reservation, Washington; and 
Tulalip Tribes of the Tulalip Reservation, Washington.
    Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to 
be culturally affiliated with the human remains or associated funerary 
objects should contact Dr. Peter Lape, Burke Museum, University of 
Washington, Box 353010, Seattle, WA 98195-3010, telephone (206) 685-
3849, before February 4, 2010. Repatriation of the human remains and 
associated funerary objects to the Muckleshoot Indian Tribe of the 
Muckleshoot Reservation, Washington; Snoqualmie Tribe, Washington; 
Suquamish Indian Tribe of the Port Madison Reservation, Washington; and 
Tulalip Tribes of the Tulalip Reservation, Washington may proceed after 
that date if no additional claimants come forward.
    The Burke Museum is responsible for notifying the Muckleshoot 
Indian Tribe of the Muckleshoot Reservation, Washington; Puyallup Tribe 
of the Puyallup Reservation, Washington; Sauk-Suiattle Indian Tribe of 
Washington; Snoqualmie Tribe, Washington; Suquamish Indian Tribe of the 
Port Madison Reservation, Washington; and Tulalip Tribes of the Tulalip 
Reservation, Washington that this notice has been published.

    Dated: November 25, 2009
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E9-31221 Filed 1-4-10; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4312-50-S



Back to the top