[Federal Register: August 20, 2009 (Volume 74, Number 160)]
[Notices]
[Page 42094-42095]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr20au09-58]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service


Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology,
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the
completion of an inventory of human remains in the possession of the
Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. The
human remains were removed from the Wequetonsing area near Harbor
Springs, Emmet County, MI.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native
American human remains. The National Park Service is not responsible
for the determinations in this notice.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by Museum of
Anthropology professional staff in consultation with representatives of
the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan.
    In 1924, a collection containing human remains and a variety of
archeological materials collected from around Michigan and North
America was purchased by the University of Michigan from Rev. L.P.
Rowland of Detroit, MI. The human remains and many of the artifacts
were recovered from the Lake Michigan shore area in Emmet County, MI. A
substantial portion of this collection, including one set of human
remains (Accession 206) and cultural items were determined to
be culturally affiliated with the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa
Indians, Michigan. The individual and cultural items were described in
a Notice published in the Federal Register (62 FR 8265-8266, February
24, 1997), and were subsequently repatriated later that same year. At
that time it was determined that two comingled sets of human remains
that were part of the same accession were not Native American. The
human remains are of an adult and a second, younger adult individual.
Since that time, based on skeletal and dental morphology, the older
individual has been identified as being of mixed European and Native
American ancestry. There is insufficient evidence to positively
determine the biological affiliation of the younger individual, but
they may also be of mixed European and Native American ancestry. No
known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    Accession and other collections information suggests that the human
remains were recovered from the Wequetonsing area near Harbor Springs,
MI. Rev. Rowland's catalog indicates that glass beads were found with
the human remains. Based on the observation of glass trade beads, the
human remains most likely date to the post-contact era in northern
Michigan (circa A.D. 1600-1800).
    Based on historical documents and consultation with the Little
Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan, the Odawa occupied the
Wequetonsing area throughout much of the historic era. The Wequetonsing
area is within the area granted to the Odawa for settlement in treaties
signed in 1836 and 1855, and is within the current reservation boundary
of the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan. While
historic sources also mention the presence of Potawatomi, Mascouten,
and Ojibwa in the general area, the Odawa are the predominant group
associated with the Wequetonsing and Harbor Springs locality.
    While the biological ancestry of the two individuals may be mixed,
based on the burial treatment of the individual, appearance of grave
features as described by Rev. Rowland, and consultation with tribal
representatives, officials of the Museum of Anthropology reasonably
believe the human remains have a Native American cultural identity.
Based on the observation of glass beads, the interments likely date to
the historic era. Given the location of the interments, they are most
likely culturally affiliated with the Little Traverse Bay Bands of
Odawa Indians, Michigan.
    Officials of the Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan
have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (9-10), the human
remains described above represent the physical remains of two
individuals of Native American ancestry. Officials of the Museum of
Anthropology, University of Michigan also have determined that,
pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is

[[Page 42095]]

a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced
between the Native American human remains and the Little Traverse Bay
Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan.
    Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the human remains should contact Dr. John
O'Shea, NAGPRA Coordinator, Museum of Anthropology, University of
Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1079, telephone (734) 764-0485, before
September 21, 2009. Repatriation of the human remains to the Little
Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan may proceed after that
date if no additional claimants come forward.
    The Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan is responsible
for notifying the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan
that this notice has been published.

    Dated: July 16, 2009.
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E9-19970 Filed 8-19-09; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4312-50-S


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