FR Doc E9-9983[Federal Register: April 30, 2009 (Volume 74, Number 82)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Inventory Completion: New York University College of
Dentistry, New York City, NY
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the
completion of an inventory of human remains in the control of the New
York University College of Dentistry, New York City, NY. The human
remains were removed from Mackinaw City, Cheboygan County, MI.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native
American human remains. The National Park Service is not responsible
for the determinations in this notice.
A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the New York
University College of Dentistry professional staff in consultation with
representatives of the Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa
Indians, Michigan and Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians,
At an unknown date, human remains representing a minimum of one
individual were removed from Mackinaw City in Cheboygan County, MI. At
an unknown date, the human remains came into the possession of Walter
C. Wyman of Chicago, IL. In 1915, Mr. Wyman donated the human remains
to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, New York City,
NY. In 1956, the human remains were transferred to Dr. Theodore
Kazamiroff, New York University College of Dentistry. No known
individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
Based on the cranial morphology of the human remains, the
individual is identified as Native American. Information associated
with the human remains identify them as "----- [illegible] Saugema,
Ottawa Tribe." The Ottawa are also known by the name Odawa.
"Saugema" is an Odawa family name in the Mackinaw area and variants
are recorded for the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa. Although a
surname is listed for the human remains, lineal descendants could not
be identified because the specific identity of the individual could not
be determined. The identification of a surname indicates that the human
remains date to the Historic period.
The area of Mackinaw City corresponds to the territory of the
Odawas after European contact. The Odawa people entered the written
record in 1615, when the French encountered them at the eastern shores
of Lake Huron on the Georgian Bay. Soon after this, the Odawas left the
Lower Peninsula of Michigan because of Iroquoian raids, but returned to
Michigan after the Iroquois were repelled from the area by the Odawas
and other Great Lakes tribes in the mid-1600s. By 1673, the Odawas had
established villages at the Straits of Mackinac. One village was
located at Michilimackinac, in present-day Mackinaw City. A letter
dating to 1710 describes Odawa mortuary practices at Michilimackinac
that are consistent with the physical condition of the human remains.
Odawa people have remained in the Mackinaw area since their return in
the 17th century. In addition, Odawa oral traditions identify the
Mackinac area as an area of aboriginal occupation for many generations
prior to European contact, and Mackinaw City is part of the ancestral
lands of the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan.
Officials of the New York University College of Dentistry have
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (9-10), the human remains
described above represent the physical remains of one individual of
Native American ancestry. Officials of the New York University College
of Dentistry also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2),
there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably
traced between the Native American human remains and the Little
Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the human remains should contact Dr.
Louis Terracio, New York University College of Dentistry, 345 East 24th
St, New York, NY 10010, telephone (212) 998-9917, before June 1, 2009.
Repatriation of the human remains to the Little Traverse Bay Bands of
Odawa Indians, Michigan may proceed after that date if no additional
claimants come forward.
The New York University College of Dentistry is responsible for
notifying the Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians,
Michigan and Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan that
this notice has been published.
Dated: April 13, 2009.
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E9-9983 Filed 4-29-09; 8:45 am]
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