FR Doc E9-2124[Federal Register: February 2, 2009 (Volume 74, Number 20)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Inventory Completion: Raymond M. Alf Museum of
Paleontology, Claremont, CA
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the
completion of an inventory of human remains in the control of the
Raymond M. Alf Museum of Paleontology, Claremont, CA. The human remains
were removed from Kern County, CA.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native
American human remains. The National Park Service is not responsible
for the determinations in this notice.
A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the Raymond
M. Alf Museum of Paleontology professional staff and University of
California, Los Angeles professional staff member Archeologist Gail
Kennedy, in consultation with representatives of the Santa Rosa Indian
Community of the Santa Rosa Rancheria, California (Tachi Yokut Tribe).
At an unknown date, human remains representing a minimum of six
individuals were removed from the Kern Valley area near Kernville, Kern
County, CA. No known individuals were identified. No associated
funerary objects are present.
The Kern Valley area is near Kernville, Kern County, in the Central
California area. Museum officials reasonably believe, based on
locations where the museum has previously collected non-paleontological
specimens, that these six individuals may have been collected from the
same area associated with another individual described in a published
Notice of Inventory Completion in the Federal Register (73 FR 34318,
June 17, 2008), although at the time of publication the museum was
unable to relate the six individuals in this notice to that individual.
However, officials of the Raymond M. Alf Museum have subsequently
determined that the six individuals in this notice are probably from
the same area, and possibly the same site as the individual in the June
17, 2008 notice, based on two separate analyses, museum collection
history, and tribal consultation.
An investigation of the human remains conducted by Dr. Gail
Kennedy, Physical Anthropologist, University of California, Los
Angeles, determined that the individuals were California Native
American based on dental wear. Tribal representatives of the Santa Rosa
Rancheria conducted a second analysis, and independently concluded that
the human remains are Native American.
The Kern Valley site is most likely either the habitation site of
the Tubatulabal from which the individual in the June 17, 2008 notice
had been removed, or a similar site. The Tubatulabal were loosely
organized into three discrete bands called Pahkanapil, Palagewan, and
Bankalachi (Smithsonian Institution, Handbook of North American
Indians, Book 8, 1978). The Tubatulabal are considered Kern River
Indians, speak an Uto-Aztecan language, and live in the Kern River/Lake
Isabella area, which includes the south fork (Palagewan) and the lower
Kern River below the south fork (Tubatulabal). Their neighbors are the
Kawaiisu and the Yokuts. The Bankalachi, who were located a few miles
from the Palagewan, resided in Yokuts territory.
In 1857, the Kern River gold rush began in Palagewan territory.
During 1862, a few Tubatulabal joined the Owens Valley Paiute in
hostilities against the Whites, and about this time, a group of Koso
Indians settled in the Tubatulabal area, intermarrying with the
Kawaiisu. In 1863, soldiers of the U.S. Army killed 35-40 Tubatulabal
and Palagewan men near Kernville. Starting in 1865, the Tubatulabal
began to practice agriculture and in 1893, the majority of them and a
few Palagewan survivors were allotted land in the South Fork and Kern
Valleys. From 1900 to 1972, many Tubatulabals moved to the Tule River
Indian Reservation, north of the Kern valley region. It is reasonably
believed that those that survived intermarried with the Yokuts in the
Kern County area. Descendants of these Yokuts are members of the
Federally-recognized Santa Rosa Indian Community of the Santa Rosa
Rancheria, California and Tule River Indian Tribe of the Tule River
Officials of the Raymond M. Alf Museum of Paleontology have
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (9-10), the human remains
described above represent the physical remains of six individuals of
Native American ancestry. Officials of the Raymond M. Alf Museum of
Paleontology also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2),
there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably
traced between the Native American human remains and the Santa Rosa
Indian Community of the Santa Rosa Rancheria, California and Tule River
Indian Tribe of the Tule River Reservation, California.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the human remains should contact Don
Lofgren, Director, Raymond M. Alf Museum of Paleontology, 1175 West
Baseline Road, Claremont, CA 91711, telephone (909) 624-2798, before
March 4, 2009. Repatriation of the human remains to the Santa Rosa
Indian Community of the Santa Rosa Rancheria, California may proceed
after that date if no additional claimants come forward.
The Raymond M. Alf Museum of Paleontology is responsible for
notifying the Santa Rosa Indian Community of the Santa Rosa Rancheria,
California and Tule River Indian Tribe of the Tule River Reservation,
California that this notice has been published.
Dated: January 9, 2009
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E9-2124 Filed 1-30-09; 8:45 am]
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