FR Doc E8-18681[Federal Register: August 13, 2008 (Volume 73, Number 157)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Inventory Completion: The Public Museum, Grand Rapids,
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the
completion of an inventory of human remains in the possession of The
Public Museum, Grand Rapids, MI. The human remains were removed from
either the vicinity of Mackinaw City or Mackinac Island, MI.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native
American human remains. The National Park Service is not responsible
for the determinations in this notice.
A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by The Public
Museum's professional staff in consultation with representatives of the
Little Traverse Bay Band of Odawa Indians, Michigan.
At an unknown date, human remains representing a minimum of two
individuals were removed from the vicinity of Mackinaw City or Mackinac
Island, MI, by E. H. Crane, an amateur archeologist and avid collector.
Upon Mr. Crane's death in 1917, the Kent Scientific Museum, now known
as The Public Museum, purchased his
collection of human remains and other anthropological and natural
history collections, including the remains of these two individuals. No
known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are
Museum records on the human remains are derived from Mr. Crane's
notes (written directly onto the human remains) and the original
information written into the museum's accession ledger at the time of
acquisition. The museum records indicate that the human remains may be
of mixed Native-European ancestry, suggesting a post-contact date. In
1977, further examination by a bio-anthropologist found that the human
remains were consistent with a mixture of European and Native American
descent. In 2008, a professional anthropology consultant examined the
human remains to ensure that they were Native American and[sol]or of
mixed Native American and European descent, and concluded they did
exhibit physical characteristics of a Native American individual, but
that they were not so clearly exclusive that mixed Native American-
European ancestry could be ruled out.
Museum records also indicated that the provenience was "old
Mackinac, Michigan." It is uncertain whether the exact provenience was
Mackinac Island or the vicinity of Mackinaw City, as both of these
locations were listed on later records, however, both Mackinaw City and
Mackinac Island are in the tribal homeland of the Little Traverse Bay
Band of Odawa Indians, Michigan. Historical evidence provided to the
museum by the Little Traverse Bay Band of Odawa Indians establishes the
Mackinac area as ancestral land of the Little Traverse Bay Band of
Odawa Indians since before the arrival of the first European settlers
to the area in the 1670s. The same documentation also provided evidence
of occurrences of inter-marriage between people of Native American and
European descent. Based on museum records, collector's notes,
consultation evidence, and extensive examination of the human remains,
The Public Museum reasonably believes the human remains are of Native
American ancestry and have a shared group relationship with the Little
Traverse Bay Band of Odawa Indians, Michigan.
Officials of The Public Museum have determined that, pursuant to 25
U.S.C. 3001 (9-10), the human remains described above represent the
physical remains of two individuals of Native American ancestry.
Officials of The Public Museum also have determined that, pursuant to
25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity
that can be reasonably traced between the Native American human remains
and the Little Traverse Bay Band of Odawa Indians, Michigan.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the human remains should contact Marilyn
Merdzinski, Curator of Collections and Preservation, The Public Museum,
272 Pearl St NW, Grand Rapids, MI 49504, telephone (616) 456-3521,
before September 12, 2008. Repatriation of the human remains to the
Little Traverse Bay Band of Odawa Indians, Michigan may proceed after
that date if no additional claimants come forward.
The Public Museum is responsible for notifying the Little Traverse
Bay Band of Odawa Indians, Michigan and Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of
Chippewa Indians of Michigan that this notice has been published.
Dated: July 22, 2008
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E8-18681 Filed 8-12-08; 8:45 am]
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