[Federal Register: October 9, 2001 (Volume 66, Number 195)]
[Notices]
[Page 51475-51476]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr09oc01-141]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects in the Possession of the University of
Denver Department of Anthropology and Museum of Anthropology, Denver,
CO

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated
funerary objects in the possession of the University of Denver
Department of Anthropology and Museum of Anthropology, Denver, CO.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2 (c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the

[[Page 51476]]

museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of these Native
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations within this
notice.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by University
of Denver Department of Anthropology and Museum of Anthropology
professional staff and a contract physical anthropologist in
consultation with the U.S. Department of Defense, Department of the
Army, Army Corps of Engineers, Omaha District; U.S. Department of the
Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs; and representatives of the Crow
Creek Sioux Tribe of the Crow Creek Reservation, South Dakota; Pawnee
Nation of Oklahoma; and Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold
Reservation, North Dakota.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing one individual were
recovered from an unknown location either on the Crow Creek
Reservation, Buffalo County, SD, or near Mitchell, Davison County, SD.
Dr. E.B. Renaud, founder of the University of Denver Department of
Anthropology, most likely obtained these remains from an unknown South
Dakota resident and brought them to the university for study. The
remains were never cited in his reports and were not formally
accessioned into the museum collection. No known individual was
identified. The 107 associated funerary objects are 92 sherds (56
plain, 2 marked, and 34 incised, stamped, or cord-marked), 1 ceramic
tube fragment, 1 projectile point, 10 chipped stone flakes, and 3 shell
fragments.
    Two handwritten notes accompany the remains. One says ``Fortified
Indian Village Prehistoric Pawnee Strong(?) near Mitchell South
Dakota(?).'' The other note says ``Fortified Prehistoric Indian
Village, Prehistoric Pawnee Strong(?) Crow Creek (Crow Reservation)
North of Chamberlain, S. Dakota.'' Both the Bureau of Indian Affairs
and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers determined that there is no
evidence that either Federal agency has control over these human
remains and associated funerary objects.
    The territory surrounding the Missouri River in southeastern South
Dakota has been identified as the ancestral territory of the Three
Affiliated Tribes (Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara) and the Pawnee. The
notes that accompany the remains, associated funerary objects, and
consultation evidence also indicate a cultural affiliation between
these human remains and associated funerary objects and the Three
Affiliated Tribes and Pawnee.
    Roger Echo-Hawk, a Pawnee historian, provided oral testimony
confirming the cultural affiliation between the Arikara and Pawnee.
Both tribes speak Caddoan languages, whose cultural roots are traced to
the prehistoric mound-building societies of the lower Mississippi River
valley. The Arikara were culturally related to the Pawnee, from whom
they broke away and moved gradually northward along the Missouri River
between the Cheyenne River in South Dakota and Fort Berthold in North
Dakota, becoming the northernmost Caddoan tribe.
    Archeologists have attributed a number of village sites near Crow
Creek to the Arikara and Mandan, and a large well-known village near
Mitchell is a attributed to the Mandan. There are at least two Arikara
archeological sites in the area mentioned in the notes that accompany
the remains, the Crow Creek site (39BF11), a fortified village, and the
Mitchell site (39DV2), a village with outer fortification ditches and
lodges.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the
University of Denver Department of Anthropology and Museum of
Anthropology have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the
human remains listed above represent the physical remains of one
individual of Native American ancestry. Officials of the University of
Denver Department of Anthropology and Museum of Anthropology also have
determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(2), the 107 objects listed
above are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near
individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the
death rite or ceremony. Lastly, officials of the University of Denver
Department of Anthropology and Museum of Anthropology have determined
that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a relationship of shared
group identity that can be reasonably traced between these Native
American human remains and associated funerary objects and the Pawnee
Nation of Oklahoma, and Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold
Reservation, North Dakota.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Crow Creek Sioux
Tribe of the Crow Creek Reservation, South Dakota; Pawnee Nation of
Oklahoma; Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation,
North Dakota; U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Omaha District; and Bureau
of Indian Affairs. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that
believes itself to be culturally affiliated with these human remains
and associated funerary objects should contact Jan I. Bernstein,
Collections Manager and NAGPRA Coordinator, University of Denver
Department of Anthropology and Museum of Anthropology, 2000 Asbury,
Sturm Hall S-146, Denver, CO 80208-2406, e-mail jbernste@du.edu,
telephone (303) 871-2543, before November 8, 2001. Repatriation of the
human remains and associated funerary objects to the Pawnee Nation of
Oklahoma, and Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation,
North Dakota may begin after that date if no additional claimants come
forward.

    Dated: August 15, 2001.
John Robbins,
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships.
[FR Doc. 01-25158 Filed 10-5-01; 8:45 am]
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