[Federal Register: June 18, 2001 (Volume 66, Number 117)]
[Notices]
[Page 32838-32840]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr18jn01-121]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service


Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects in the Control of the U.S. Department
of the Interior, National Park Service, Ocmulgee National Monument,
Macon, GA

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated
funerary objects in the control of the U.S. Department of the Interior,
National Park Service, Ocmulgee National Monument, Macon, GA.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2 (c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
National Park Service unit that has control or possession of these
Native American human remains and associated funerary objects. The
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships is
not responsible for the determinations within this notice.
    A detailed assessment and inventory of the human remains and
associated funerary objects has been made by National Park Service
professional staff in consultation with representatives of the
Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; Alabama-Coushatta Tribes
of Texas; Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Catawba Indian
Nation; Cherokee Nation, Oklahoma; Chickasaw Nation, Oklahoma; Choctaw
Nation of Oklahoma; Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana; Eastern Band of
Cherokee Indians of North Carolina; Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma;
Jena Band of Choctaw Indians, Louisiana; Kialegee Tribal Town of the
Creek Indian Nation, Oklahoma; Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida;
Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, Mississippi; Muscogee (Creek)
Nation of Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama; Seminole
Nation of Oklahoma; Seminole Tribe of Florida, Dania, Big Cypress,
Brighton, Hollywood & Tampa Reservations; Thlopthlocco Tribal Town of
the Creek Nation, Oklahoma; and United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee
Indians of Oklahoma. The Shawnee Tribe, also known also as the ``Loyal
Shawnee'' or ``Cherokee Shawnee,'' a non-Federally recognized Native
American group at the time that they were consulted, have since been
recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided
by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians
under provisions of P.L. 106-568.
    The human remains and associated funerary objects described in this
notice were originally recovered from the Lamar Mounds site, located
within the boundary of Ocmulgee National Monument, and from the Stubbs
Mound site and Cowart's Landing site, located outside the monument
boundary.
    The human remains and associated funerary objects described in this
notice are currently curated at the National Park Service's Southeast
Archeological Center, in Tallahassee, FL. Other human remains and
associated funerary objects from these sites are currently curated at
the Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History,
Washington, DC.
    Between 1933 and 1938, human remains representing nine individuals

[[Page 32839]]

were recovered from the Lamar Mounds and Village site during legally
authorized projects sponsored by the Works Progress Administration. No
known individuals were identified. The 37 associated funerary objects
are 25 shell beads, 1 bag of beads, 1 worked shell, 3 bone awls, 2
stone discoidals, 2 shell earplugs, 2 stone celts, and 1 tobacco pipe.
    The Lamar Mounds and Village site consists of two mounds, A and B,
and a palisaded village area. Archeological evidence indicates that the
Lamar Mounds and Village site was occupied during the entire Middle and
Late Mississippian periods (A.D. 1200-1650). The site is believed to be
the town of Ichisi (Spanish) or Ochisi (Portugese) encountered by the
Hernando de Soto expedition in 1540. Occupation of the site may have
continued into the early 18th century.
    Between 1936 and 1937, human remains representing 34 individuals
were recovered from the Stubbs Mound site during a Works Progress
Administration excavation. No known individuals were identified. The 55
associated funerary objects are 46 shell beads, 5 shell pins, 1
projectile point, 2 stone celts, and 1 plant specimen.
    The Stubbs Mound site consists of a mound and associated village
area. On the basis of the objects recovered during excavation, the site
and the human remains have been dated to the Middle Mississippian
period (A.D. 1200-1350).
    In 1937, human remains representing 12 individuals were recovered
from the Cowart's Landing site during legally authorized Works Progress
Administration stratigraphic survey excavations. No known individuals
were identified. The one associated funerary object is an iron chisel.
Cowart's Landing is a large midden site located on a terrace
approximately 1/4 mile from the Ocmulgee River. On the basis of the
artifacts recovered from the site, its major occupation has been dated
to the Late Mississipian period (A.D. 1350 to 1650). The iron chisel
indicates that at least one of the burials may date from A.D. 1540-1821
period.
    The regional manifestation of archeological resources from the
Mississippian period have been identified as the Lamar Culture. The
Lamar Culture has been divided into two time periods, corresponding
with the distinction between the Middle and Late Mississippian periods.
The Stubbs Mound site is the type site for the Stubbs Phase of the
Lamar Culture (A.D. 1200-1350). The Cowart's Landing site is the type
site for the Cowart Phase of the Lamar Culture (A.D. 1350-1650+). The
Lamar Mounds site, Stubbs Mound site, and Cowart's Landing site are
located in close proximity, with occupation of the Stubbs site
overlapping the early occupation of the Lamar Mounds and Village site,
and occupation of the Cowarts Landing site overlapping the late
occupation of the Lamar Mounds and Village site. Archeological evidence
indicates that the Lamar Culture ceramic types found at all three sites
are closely related to historic Creek and Cherokee ceramic traditions.
    Between A.D. 1685-1717, the English used variations of the name
Ochese-hatchee or Ochese Creek to refer to the river later called the
Ocmulgee River. The towns and people living along Ochese Creek during
that period were referred to as the Ochese (various spellings) Creek
Nation, the Ochese Creek people, and, finally, simply the Creeks. The
word Ochese and its variations has been traced from middle Georgia to
the Chattahooche River, then to Florida, and finally to Oklahoma. A
squareground of this name existed in Oklahoma until the 1950s. There is
an Ochese Street in Okmulgee, OK. Ethnohistorical information indicates
that the Ichisi-Ochese were probably Hitchiti speakers, which would
link them directly to Hitchiti speakers among the later Seminole and
Miccosukee tribes. The Ichisi-Ochese may also be linked less directly
to speakers of closely related Alabama and Koasati languages among the
latter-day Alabama and Coushatta tribes.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, the superintendent of
Ocmulgee National Monument has determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2
(d)(1), the human remains listed above represent the physical remains
of 55 individuals of Native American ancestry. The superintendent of
Ocmulgee National Monument also has determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR
10.2 (d)(2), the 93 objects listed above are reasonably believed to
have been placed with or near individual human remains at the time of
death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony. Lastly, the
superintendent of Ocmulgee National Monument has determined that,
pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a relationship of shared group
identity that can be reasonably traced between the Native American
human remains and funerary objects and the Alabama-Coushatta Tribes of
Texas; Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Cherokee Nation,
Oklahoma; Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana; Eastern Band of Cherokee
Indians of North Carolina; Kialegee Tribal Town of the Creek Indian
Nation, Oklahoma; Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida; Muscogee
(Creek) Nation of Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama;
Seminole Nation of Oklahoma; Seminole Tribe of Florida, Dania, Big
Cypress, Brighton, Hollywood & Tampa Reservations; Thlopthlocco Tribal
Town of the Creek Nation, Oklahoma; and United Keetoowah Band of
Cherokee Indians of Oklahoma.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Absentee-Shawnee
Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; Alabama-Coushatta Tribes of Texas;
Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Catawba Indian Nation;
Cherokee Nation, Oklahoma; Chickasaw Nation, Oklahoma; Choctaw Nation
of Oklahoma; Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana; Eastern Band of Cherokee
Indians of North Carolina; Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma; Jena Band
of Choctaw Indians, Louisiana; Kialegee Tribal Town of the Creek Indian
Nation, Oklahoma; Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida; Mississippi
Band of Choctaw Indians, Mississippi; Muscogee (Creek) Nation of
Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama; Seminole Nation of
Oklahoma; Seminole Tribe of Florida, Dania, Big Cypress, Brighton,
Hollywood & Tampa Reservations; Shawnee Tribe; Thlopthlocco Tribal Town
of the Creek Nation, Oklahoma; and United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee
Indians of Oklahoma. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that
believes itself to be culturally affiliated with these human remains
and associated funerary objects should contact Jim David,
Superintendent, Ocmulgee National Monument, 1207 Emery Highway, Macon,
GA 31217, telephone (478) 752-8257, before July 18, 2001. Repatriation
of the human remains and associated funerary objects to the Alabama-
Coushatta Tribes of Texas; Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Oklahoma;
Cherokee Nation, Oklahoma; Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana; Eastern Band
of Cherokee Indians of North Carolina; Kialegee Tribal Town of the
Creek Indian Nation, Oklahoma; Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida;
Muscogee (Creek) Nation of Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek Indians of
Alabama; Seminole Nation of Oklahoma; Seminole Tribe of Florida, Dania,
Big Cypress, Brighton, Hollywood & Tampa Reservations; Thlopthlocco
Tribal Town of the Creek Nation, Oklahoma; and United Keetoowah Band of
Cherokee Indians of Oklahoma.

[[Page 32840]]

    Dated: May 7, 2001.
Frank P. Mc Manamon,
Acting Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and
Partnerships.
[FR Doc. 01-15311 Filed 6-15-01; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F
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