[Federal Register: April 20, 2001 (Volume 66, Number 77)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects in the Possession of the U.S.
Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Agate Fossil Beds
National Monument, Harrison, NE
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated
funerary objects in the possession of the U.S. Department of the
Interior, National Park Service, Agate Fossil Beds National Monument,
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2(c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
National Park Service unit that has control or possession of these
Native American human remains and associated funerary objects. The
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships is
not responsible for the determinations within this notice.
A detailed assessment and inventory of the human remains was made
by National Park Service professional staff in consultation with the
representatives of the Lower Elwha Tribal Community of the Lower Elwha
At some time before 1909, human remains representing one individual
were discovered by former lighthouse keeper H. F. Argyle, near Rocky
Point on Vancouver Island, British Columbia. The human remains were
subsequently acquired by J.E. Standley, a curio dealer in Seattle, WA,
who sold them to James Cook of the Agate Springs Ranch, NE. The human
remains consist of a single cranium. The flattened forehead is
indicative of a particular type of cradle commonly used by tribes in
the Pacific Northwest. Non-destructive analysis of the remains
indicates that they are Native American, probably a male in his early
50s. No individual was identified. A projectile point was inserted into
a ``wound'' in the cranium, apparently post-mortem, and is not
considered to be an associated funerary object.
This skull was a prominent feature of James Cook's and his son's
collection of Indian and fossil artifacts that they maintained at the
Agate Springs Ranch until giving it to the National Park Service in
1965. The skull was remembered by many ranch visitors, and was featured
in an article in the November/December 1911 issue of Records of the
In 1995, based on documentary materials, Dr. Daniel L. Boxberger,
professor of anthropology, Western Washington University, Bellingham,
concluded that the skull was culturally affiliated with the localized
Canadian group of the Klallam tribe (Beecher Bay Nation) that currently
lives in the Rocky Point area of Vancouver Island. The Lower Elwha
Tribal Community of the Lower Elwha Reservation, Washington has
requested that the skull be repatriated to them on behalf of their
relatives from Beecher Band Nation. Historically, there were no
boundaries between Klallam people living in what are now the United
States and Canada across the Strait of Juan de Fuca. Many of the
Beecher Bay members are very closely related to the Lower Elwha
Community families, and they are culturally interconnected.
Based on the above-mentioned information, the superintendent of
Agate Fossil Beds National Monument has determined that, pursuant to 43
CFR 10.2(d)(1), the human remains listed above represent the physical
remains of one individual of Native American ancestry. The
superintendent of Agate Fossil Beds National Monument also has
determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2(e), there is a relationship of
shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between these
Native American human remains and the Lower Elwha Tribal Community of
the Lower Elwha Reservation, Washington.
This notice has been sent to officials of the Lower Elwha Tribal
Community of the Lower Elwha Reservation, Washington. Representatives
of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally
affiliated with these human remains should contact Superintendent
Ruthann Knudson, Agate Fossil Beds National Monument, 301 River Road,
Harrison, NE 69346-2734, telephone (308) 668-2211, fax (308) 668-2318,
e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org, no later than May 21, 2001.
Repatriation of the human remains to the Lower Elwha Tribal Community
of the Lower Elwha Reservation, Washington may begin after that date if
no additional claimants come forward.
Dated: March 22, 2001.
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships.
[FR Doc. 01-9753 Filed 4-19-01; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F
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