[Federal Register: April 12, 2001 (Volume 66, Number 71)]
[Notices]
[Page 18981-18982]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr12ap01-103]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects in the Possession of the Peabody Museum
of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated
funerary objects in the possession of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology
and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2(c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of these Native
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations within this
notice.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the Peabody
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology professional staff in consultation
with representatives of the Citizen Potawatomi Nation, Oklahoma;
Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe of South Dakota; Forest County Potawatomi
Community of Wisconsin Potawatomi Indians, Wisconsin; Hannahville
Indian Community of Wisconsin Potawatomie Indians of Michigan; Ho-Chunk
Nation of Wisconsin; Huron Potawatomi, Inc., Michigan; Iowa Tribe of
Kansas and Nebraska; Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma; Lower Sioux Indian
Community of Minnesota Mdewakanton Sioux Indians of the Lower Sioux
Reservation in Minnesota; Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Pottawatomi
Indians of Michigan; Omaha Tribe of Nebraska; Otoe-Missouria Tribe of
Indians, Oklahoma; Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma; Pokagon Band of
Potawatomi Indians of Michigan; Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma;
Ponca Tribe of Nebraska; Prairie Band of Potawatomi Indians, Kansas;
Prairie Island Indian Community of Minnesota Mdewakanton Sioux Indians
of the Prairie Island Reservation, Minnesota; Sac & Fox Nation of
Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska; Sac & Fox Nation, Oklahoma; Sac
& Fox
Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa; Santee Sioux Tribe of the Santee
Reservation of Nebraska; Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe of the Lake
Traverse Reservation, South Dakota; Spirit Lake Tribe, North Dakota;
Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota;
Upper Sioux Indian Community of the Upper Sioux Reservation, Minnesota;
Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska; and the Yankton Sioux Tribe of South
Dakota.
    In 1939, human remains representing one individual were donated to
the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology by Mrs. Gotty Benthal.
No known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    Correspondence from the donor indicates that these human remains
were removed in 1856 from a recent grave of a ``Musquoka chief'' in
Quasqueton, Buchanan County, IA, by John M. Benthal of Quasqueton, IA.
Consultation evidence presented by representatives of the Sac & Fox
Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska; the Sac & Fox Nation,
Oklahoma; and the Sac & Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa, and
historical evidence indicate that the Musquoka, or Meskwaki, tribe
inhabited a large portion of eastern Iowa from the early 1700s to the
present day. Based on the historic date of the burial, the specific
cultural attribution of the individual provided by the collector, and
historical evidence of a strong Meskwaki presence in eastern Iowa in
the mid-1800s, the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology has
determined that these remains are most likely those of a Meskwaki
individual. The Meskwaki are represented by the present-day Sac and Fox
Nation of Missouri in Kansas, the Sac and Fox Nation, Oklahoma, and the
Sac and Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa.
    In 1938, human remains representing one individual were donated to
the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology by J.H. Spindler of the
Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn, NY. No known individual was identified. No
associated funerary objects are present.
    Museum records indicate that these remains are from an unknown
location in Iowa and are the remains of a ``Musquatie Indian.''
Consultation evidence presented by representatives of the Sac & Fox
Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska; the Sac & Fox Nation,
Oklahoma; and the Sac & Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa, and
historical evidence indicate that the Musquatie, or Meskwaki, tribe
inhabited a large portion of eastern Iowa from the early 1700s to the
present day. Based on the specific cultural attribution of the
individual provided by the collector, and historical evidence of a
strong Meskwaki presence in Iowa, the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and
Ethnology has determined that these remains are most likely those of a
Meskwaki individual. The Meskwaki are represented by the present-day
Sac & Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska; the Sac &
Fox
Nation, Oklahoma; and the Sac & Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in
Iowa.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the Peabody
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology have determined that, pursuant to
43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the human remains listed above represent the
physical remains of two individuals of Native American ancestry.
Officials of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology also have
determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2(e), there is a relationship of
shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between these
Native American human remains and the Sac & Fox Nation of Missouri
in
Kansas and Nebraska; the Sac & Fox Nation, Oklahoma; and the Sac
& Fox
Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Citizen Potawatomi
Nation,

[[Page 18982]]

Oklahoma; Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe of South Dakota; Forest County
Potawatomi Community of Wisconsin Potawatomi Indians, Wisconsin;
Hannahville Indian Community of Wisconsin Potawatomie Indians of
Michigan; Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin; Huron Potawatomi, Inc.,
Michigan; Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska; Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma;
Lower Sioux Indian Community of Minnesota Mdewakanton Sioux Indians of
the Lower Sioux Reservation in Minnesota; Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band
of Pottawatomi Indians of Michigan; Omaha Tribe of Nebraska; Otoe-
Missouria Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma; Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma;
Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians of Michigan; Ponca Tribe of Indians
of Oklahoma; Ponca Tribe of Nebraska; Prairie Band of Potawatomi
Indians, Kansas; Prairie Island Indian Community of Minnesota
Mdewakanton Sioux Indians of the Prairie Island Reservation, Minnesota;
Sac & Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska; Sac & Fox
Nation,
Oklahoma; Sac & Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa; Santee Sioux
Tribe of the Santee Reservation of Nebraska; Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux
Tribe of the Lake Traverse Reservation, South Dakota; Spirit Lake
Tribe, North Dakota; Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold
Reservation, North Dakota; Upper Sioux Indian Community of the Upper
Sioux Reservation, Minnesota; Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska; and the
Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota. Representatives of any other
Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with
these human remains should contact Barbara Isaac, Repatriation
Coordinator, Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard
University, 11 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138, telephone (617)
495-2254, before May 14, 2001. Repatriation of the human remains to the
Sac & Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska; the Sac &
Fox
Nation, Oklahoma; and the Sac & Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa
may begin after that date if no additional claimants come forward.

    Dated: March 27, 2001.
John Robbins,
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships.
[FR Doc. 01-8985 Filed 4-11-01; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F
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